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Databases focused on Palaeobotany and Palaeontology
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Teaching Documents about Biology@

Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Biology

First of All ...
The Glossarist. A compendium of glossaries on various subjects so you can find the best definitions of terms in which you are interested. Go to:

1Up Info (part of the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Columbia University Press): Encyclopedia. An online encyclopedia with numerous articles on many topics. Go to: Plants and Animals.

Academic Press Limited: The Dictionary of Cell Biology This server contains the text of the Second edition, published in April 1995, together with enhancements, hypertext links and new entries which are destined for the third edition. Also available via More than 6500 records!

John R. Anderson, Georgia Perimeter College Geology: The World of Geology, Prefix/Suffix Meanings. Website saved by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
See also here. Ltd.: Free Dictionaries & Glossaries. Go to: Biology.

Günter Bechly, SMNS, Stuttgart: Glossary of Phylogenetic Systematics with a critic of mainstream cladism.

University of California, Berkeley Museum, Natural History Glossary: Volume 1: Phylogenetics

University of California, Berkeley Museum, Natural History Glossary: Volume 3: Biochemistry

University of California, Berkeley Museum, Natural History Glossary: Volume 4: Cell Biology

! Natural History Museum, University of California, Berkeley (by Allen Collins et al.): UCMP Glossary. For practicing biologists and paleontologists in various fields. You may also browse by volume: Go to: Phylogenetics, or Botany, and Volume 7: Zoology

! The University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley, ((with support provided by the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute): Understanding Evolution. This is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. Go to: Glossary, and Resources Annotated Links.

Biology Online. Biology Online aims to educate and promote awareness of all things biology, offering free and easy access to information in the biological sciences. Go to:
! Biology Online Dictionary.

! BioTech, Indiana University, University of Texas, Austin: An illustrated Dictionary. BioTech is a high level dictionary for college students and professionals, a hybrid biology/chemistry educational resource and research tool on the World Wide Web. Offers good graphics of bio-molecules. More then 8300 terms dealing with biochemistry, biotechnology, botany, cell biology and genetics. Excellent!

Alison Campbell, Penelope Cooke, Kathrin Cass and Kerry Earl, The "Evolution for Teaching" Website Project, University of Waikato, New Zealand: The Evolution of Life. Information about the evolution of life on Earth. Go to: Glossary.

! M.D. Crisp, Division of Botany and Zoology Australian National University Canberra: Introductory Glossary of Cladistic Terms. Invited contribution of the Society of Australian Systematic Biologists (SASB).
Website outdated. The link is to a version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

M.J. Farabee, Estrella Mountain Community College, Phoenix, Arizona:
! On-Line Biology Book. Table of Contents. Introductory biology lecture notes. Go to:
! Glossary.

! The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF):
GBIF is an international network and data infrastructure funded by the world's governments and aimed at providing anyone, anywhere, open access to data about all types of life on Earth. Excellent!

Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, University of Gent, and Mercator College, Department of Applied Linguistics (commissioned by The European Commission): Multilingual Glossary of technical and popular medical terms in nine European Languages. This site provides access to a glossary of about 1,400 scientific and popular medical terms in English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Greek and Danish.

! International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature: The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th edition, 1999).

! John W. Kimball (Wm C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa): Kimball's Biology Pages. This page consist of a list of topics, arranged alphabetically, of biological terms. Each item may include a definition, underlined links to other definitions, or links to "mini" essays on the topic. Excellent!

! John Lackie and Julian Dow, Division of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow. (Copyright by Academic Press): The Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology. In agreement with Academic Press free access is restricted to occassional use (1 day every 90)! You may also search from here. (a website by Gene McCarthy, focusing on biology and evolutionary theory):
Online Biology Dictionary. A free, concise, illustrated dictionary of biology and medicine. Find definitions of biological terminology.
Suffix Prefix Dictionary. Definitions of biological and medical affixes.
Root word dictionary. Find the meanings of Greek and Latin root words commonly used in constructing biological and medical terminology.

S.M. Mandaville, Soil & Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax: Limnological terms, definitions, acronyms and concepts.

The Merck Manuals: Pronunciations.

Peter Ommundsen, Selkirk College, Canada: Pronunciation of Biological Latin. Including taxonomic names of plants and animals. See also here (PDF file).

! Omnilexica (by Lucian Velea). This website provides definitions and encyclopedic content, pronunciation and usage examples (including vernacular and scientific names), from a large variety of English dictionaries and encyclopedias, e.g. from WordNet, Oxford Dictionaries, Cambridge Dictionaries, Merriam-Webster´s Dictionaries, American Heritage Dictionaries, Wikipedia, and Wiktionary.

Michael Pidwirny, Department of Geography, Okanagan University College: Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Glossary of Terms.

Jeff Poling, Dinosauria Online: Dictionary.

! William K. Purves, David Sadava, Gordon H. Orians, and H. Craig Heller Life, The Science of Biology (Seventh Edition). The Companion Site. Interactive summaries, the glossary, animated tutorials and lots of flahcards (review figures).

! James L. Reveal, Norton-Brown Herbarium, University of Maryland: FindIT, Links to Web Sites of Botanical Interest, Dictionaries. Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology - Life Sciences - e.g. Biology, Botany, Cell Biology, Ecology, Evolution, Molecular Biology, Systematics, etc. Excellent!

Birgid Schlindwein, Weihenstephan Library, Technische Universität München, Germany: Hypermedia Glossary Of Genetic Terms. A collection of currently 589 terms. Wildcards (*) are needed in the name to find anything other than an exact match.

Michael Sheehan: Word Parts Dictionary: Standard and Reverse Listings of Prefixes, Suffixes, Roots and Combining Forms DOC file. see also here.

! Society of Australian Systematic Biologists (SASB): Introductory Glossary of Cladistic Terms. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag:
Online Lexika. A variety of searchable Encyclopedias (in German). Go to:
! Lexikon der Geowissenschaften.
! Lexikon der Biologie.
! Kompaktlexikon der Biologie. Biology knowledge in a nutshell. See for instance:

TDWG Subgroup on Biological Collection Data: Standards, Information Models, and Data Dictionaries for Biological Collections. International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases.
From 2001 on, the subgroup was replaced by the CODATA/TDWG Task Group on Access to Biological Collection Data (ABCD).

! U.S. Geological Survey: USGS frequently asked questions (What's the difference between a rock and a mineral?), FAQ's about Paleontology, and Biology. U.S. Geological Survey FAQ websites contain answers to the most commonly-asked questions regarding geoscience topics: e.g. search for: fossil. Other FAQ´s are available here. Excellent!

UNL AgNIC Plant Sciences Page. From the Libraries of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), and the Agriculture Network Information Center (AgNIC). Dictionaries. This page contains links to (chiefly biological) dictionaries, glossaries and similar reference tools.

! T.J. Wiese, Fort Hays State University, Kansas: Glossary of Prefixes, Roots and Suffixes.

World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, Biodiversity Site: Biodiversity Glossary of Terms, and

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Last updated April 13, 2016

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