Links for Palaeobotanists

An annotated collection of pointers to information on palaeobotany
or to WWW resources which may be of use to palaeobotanists (with an Upper Triassic bias).

What´s New on Links for Palaeobotanists?

History of Palaeobotany
Renowned Palaeobotanists, Progress in Palaeobotany ...
Teaching Documents
Palaeobotany, Palaeontology, Palaeoecology, Field Trip Guides ...
Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa
Sphenophyta, Cycads, Bennettitales, Coniferophyta ...
Preservation & Taphonomy
Plant Taphonomy, Cuticles, Amber, Log Jams ...
Palaeobotanical Tools
Preparation & Conservation, Drawing, Writing,
Microscopy, TEM, Photography, Microtomography ...
Institutions & Organisations
Palaeobotanists Personal Pages, Nat. Hist. Museums,
Palaeobot. Collections, Internat. Palaeo Institutions ...
Conferences & List Server
Conferences, Mailing Lists, Newsgroups ...

Articles in Palaeobotany
Plant Evolution, What is Palaeobotany? Jurassic Palaeobotany ...
Plant Anatomy & Taxonomy
Plant Classification, Chemotaxonomy, Phylogeography, Cladistic Methods ...
Palynological Associations, Acritarchs, Dinoflagellates, Palynofacies ...
Ecology & Palaeoenvironment
Stress Conditions, Palaeoenvironment, Ecosystem Recovery,
Palaeosoils, Plant Roots, Playa Lakes, Animal-Plant Interaction ...
Charcoal & Coal Petrology
Fossil charcoal, Fire Ecology, Coal Petrology, Coalification ...
Stomatal Density, Rise of Oxygen, Pre-Neogene Growth Rings ...
Evolution & Extinction
Evolution Sciences vs Creationism, Insect Evo, P-Tr Extinction ...
Selected Geology
Geological Timescale, Palaeogeography, Sedimentology, Gaia Hypothesis ...
Palaeontological Software, Software of all topics ...
All about Upper Triassic
Triassic Palaeobotany, Tr. Palynology, Tr. Climate,
Triassic Stratigraphy, The European Keuper ...
Literature Search
Journals, Bibliographies, Abstracts, Books ...
Databases and Glossaries
Encyclopedias, Unit Converter, What´s New ...
Images of Plant Fossils
Fossil Plants, Reconstructions, Plant Photographs ...
Job & Experience
Labor Market, Grants, Field Camps, Internships ...
S.-Engines, Botany Search etc. Plagiarism S.
Palaeobotanical Directories, Palaeont. D., Bot. D. ...,

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What´s New on Links for Palaeobotanists?

L. Li et al. (2014): Late Triassic palaeoclimate and palaeoecosystem variations inferred by palynological record in the northeastern Sichuan Basin, China. In PDF.

DOAB. The Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) is a service of OAPEN Foundation, an international initiative dedicated to Open Access monograph publishing, based at the National Library in The Hague.
Go to: Browse by subject. The primary aim of DOAB is to increase discoverability of Open Access books.

Science Books Online.
Science Books Online lists free science e-books, textbooks, lecture notes, monographs, and other science related documents. All texts are available for free reading online, or for downloading in various formats.

Spencer Public Library:
Free eBooks. (in German). See also here (Wikipedia).

K. Kaiho et al. (2016): Effects of soil erosion and anoxic–euxinic ocean in the Permian–Triassic marine crisis. In PDF, Heliyon, 2.

! J. Schuster (1932):
Das Pflanzenreich, IV, Cycadaceae. In German, Verlag Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

C.T. Faulkner (2014): A Retrospective Examination of Paleoparasitology and its Establishment in the Journal of Parasitology. In PDF, Papers in Natural Resources, 402.

! V.H. Dale et al. (2004): Effects of modern volcanic eruptions on vegetation. Google books. See also here.

! E. Strickson et al. (2016): Dynamics of dental evolution in ornithopod dinosaurs. In PDF, Scientific Reports, 6. See also here (abstract).

T.L.F. Leung (2015): Fossils of parasites: what can the fossil record tell us about the evolution of parasitism? In PDF, Biol. Rev. See also here (abstract).

! J.J. Major et al. (2012): After the disaster: The hydrogeomorphic, ecological, and biological responses to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington. PDF file. In: O’Connor, J.E., Dorsey, R.J., and Madin, I.P., (eds.): Volcanoes to Vineyards: Geologic Field Trips through the Dynamic Landscape of the Pacific Northwest. Geological Society of America Field Guide 15: 111–134.

! C.J. Smiley (1967): Paleoclimatic Interpretations of Some Mesozoic Floral Sequences. AAPG Bulletin.

! R. Del Moral (1998): Early succession on lahars spawned by Mount St. Helens. In PDF, American Journal of Botany, 85: 820–828. See also here (abstract).

Cesar (The Link Markenentwicklung GmbH, Hamburg).
A German job search engine that shows vacancies from German neswspapers and other sources.

A.R. Meltveit (2015): Middle to Late Triassic (Ladinian to Carnian) palynology of shallow stratigraphic cores 7831/2-U-2 and 7831/2-U-1, offshore Kong Karls Land, Norwegian Arctic. In PDF, Thesis for master degree in Petroleum Geoscience. Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen.

Belfast Telegraph:
Creationism ignores the reality of science (November 29, 2016).

Geoscience Centre, GZG, Georg-August-University Göttingen: Geobiology.
! Go to: Deutschsprachige Paläontologische Gesellschaften nehmen Stellung zum Regierungsentwurf der "Kulturgutschutz-–Novellierung" und zum Schutz von paläontologischem Kulturgut.
! See also: Kulturgutschutzgesetz-Regierungsentwurf. PDF files, in German.

! SYNTHESYS, the European Union-funded integrated activities grant.
This project which began in September 2013 comprises 20 European natural history museums, Universities and botanic gardens and research organisations. It aims to create an integrated European infrastructure for researchers in the natural sciences.
A core element in SYNTHESYS is to provide funded researcher visits (Access) to the 390,000,000 specimens housed by SYNTHESYS institutions.

David R. Greenwood, Environmental Science Program, Brandon University, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada: Fossil collecting etiquette.
Can be still accessed through the internet wayback archive.

Fred Weir, The Christian Science Monitor: Skullduggery among Russia's old bones. Disappearing fossils leave a trail of unanswered questions.
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Whitby Museum, The Whitby Literary & Philosophical Society, UK: SCARBOROUGH & WHITBY MUSEUMS TYPE & FIGURED FOSSILS CATALOGUE, LIST OF SPECIMENS. Scroll down to "Plantae". Images of Cheirolepis setosus, Cheirolepis setosus woolleri, Clathopteris whitbiensis, Cyclopteris beani, Flabellaria? viminea, Marzaria simpsoni, Nageiopsis anglica, Nilssonia compta, Optopteris acuminata, Otozamites, Pachypteris lanceolata, Pecopteris propinqua, Pecopteris undans, Pterophyllum comptum, Sphenopteris williamsonis, Williamsonia gigas, Williamsonia himas, Zamia gigas.

Glen J. Kuban, Kuban´s Paleo Place: Fossil Legislation and Ethics. Internet resources on fossil-related legislation, collecting rights, and ethics.
Can be accessed through the internet wayback archive.

M. Philippe et al. (2016): The palaeolatitudinal distribution of fossil wood genera as a proxy for European Jurassic terrestrial climate. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

B. Blonder et al. (2012): X-ray imaging of leaf venation networks. In PDF, New Phytologist.

A. Antonelli et al. (2015): An engine for global plant diversity: highest evolutionary turnover and emigration in the American tropics. In PDF, Front. Genet., 6.

V.A. Krassilov (2003): Terrestrial palaeoecology and global change. PDF file (35.6 MB), Russian Academic Monographs No. 1, 464 p., (Pensoft), Sophia.
Worth checking out: "Taphonomy" starting on PDF page 18.

V. Lechien et al. (2006): Physicochemical  and biochemical characterization of non-biodegradable cellulose in Miocene gymnosperm wood from the  Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse, Southern Belgium. In PDF,   Organic Geochemistry, 37: 1465–1476.

G. Kerstiens (1996): Plant cuticles - an integrated functional approach. In PDF, Journal of Experimental Botany.

G. Retallack (1975): The life and times of a Triassic lycopod. PDF file, Alcheringa.

Angelo Troia and Antonella Troia, Laboratorio Fisiologia Vegetale, Dip. Scienze Botaniche dell´Università, Palermo: The Isoëtes Page. Go to: The Isoëtes Page. A bibliography.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Scott A. Heckathorn, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Toledo, Ohio, USA:
Biodiversity lecture notes, Powerpoint presentations. See especially:
An Introduction to Ecology and The Biosphere.
Community Ecology.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! Johanna H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2008): The Jurassic fossil plant record of the UK area. PDF file, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 119: 59-72. See fig. 6 (after Cleal et al. 2001), how to distinguish bennettialean leaf shapes!
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Hans Kerp, Palaeobotanical Research Group, Westfälische Wilhelms University, Münster: A History of Palaeozoic Forests. An introductory text with many helpful links directly related to the history of Palaeozoic forests. 7 chapters provide information about: The earliest land plants; Towards a tree-like growth habit; The earliest forests; The Carboniferous coal swamp forests; The floral change at the end of the Westphalian; Stefanian and Rotliegend floras; Is there a floral break in the Permian?
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Alycia L. Stigall, Department of Geological Sciences and OHIO Center for Ecology and Evolutionary Studies (website hosted by the Paleontological Society, Boulder): Tracking Species in Space and Time: Assessing the relationships between paleobiogeography, paleoecology, and macroevolution. In PDF, lecture notes, PS Centennial Short Course. See also here.
Snapshots provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Ernst Probst, Fossilien-News: Pioniere der Urzeitforschung. Biographies in a nutshell of palaeontology pioneers (in German).
Still available via Internet Archive Wayback Machine.

Karl J. Niklas & Tom Silva, Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY: Introductory Botany. Review Topics, Review of Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes- Common Links Between Each Group of Plants.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Frank Reimers (2007): Das Geologenarchiv an der Universitätsbibliothek Freiburg (in German). PDF file, Bibliotheksdienst, 41.
Now available by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! B. van de Schootbrugge and P.B. Wignall (2016): A tale of two extinctions: converging end-Permian and end-Triassic scenarios. Abstract, Geological Magazine, 153.
"There is substantial evidence to suggest that very similar kill mechanisms acted upon late Permian as well as Late Triassic ecosystems, strengthening the hypothesis that the ultimate causes of the mass-extinction events were similar".

Links for Palaeobotanists: ! Triassic Charcoal.

! I.J. Glasspool et al. (2015): The impact of fire on the Late Paleozoic Earth system. In PDF, Frontiers in PlantScience. See also here.

J. Szulc et al. (2015): How many Upper Triassic bone-bearing levels are there in Upper Silesia (southern Poland)? A critical overview of stratigraphy and facies. In PDF, Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 85: 587–626.
Don't miss the sketch diagram of environmental evolution and main facies distribution on PDF page 32 and the environmental model on PDF page 33.

K. Thomas et al. (2016): Formation of Kinneyia via shear-induced instabilities in microbial mats. In PDF, Phil. Trans. R. Soc., A 371. See also here.
"Kinneyia are a class of microbially mediated sedimentary fossils. Characterized by clearly defined ripple structures, Kinneyia are generally found in areas that were formally littoral habitats and covered by microbial mats".

L.H. Tanner and S.G. Lucas (2016): Stratigraphic distribution and significance of a 15 million-year record of fusain in the Upper Triassic Chinle Group, southwestern USA. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. See also here (in PDF).

! D. Schnurrenberger et al. (2003): Classification of lacustrine sediments based on sedimentary components. In PDF, Journal of Paleolimnology.

! R.G. Bryant (1993): The sedimentology and geochemistry of non-marine evaporites on the Chott el Djerid, using both ground and remotely sensed data. IN PDF. Thesis, University of Reading.

! E. Cullen and P.J. Rudall (2016): The remarkable stomata of horsetails (Equisetum): patterning, ultrastructure and development. Abstract, Annals of Botany, 118: 207–218.
See also here (in PDF).

! Rémy J. Petit and Arndt Hampe (2006): Some Evolutionary Consequences of Being a Tree. PDF file, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst., 37: 187-214.

K.M. Pryer et al. (2001): Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants. Abstract, Nature, 409: 618-622.
! See also here (in PDF).

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
! Spermatophyte.
Samenpflanzen (in German).

Marco Tullney (2016), Weblog der Technischen Informationsbibliothek (TIB): Freie Alternativen zu zugangsbeschränkten Publikationen anhand des DOI finden. In German.

D. Mauquoy et al. (2010): A protocol for plant macrofossil analysis of peat deposits. PDF file, Mires and Peat, Volume 7.

M.W. Chase et al. (1993): Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL. In PDF, Annals of the Missouri Bot. Gard., 80.

Geoffrey C. Poole (2002): Fluvial landscape ecology: addressing uniqueness within the river discontinuum. PDF file, Freshwater Biology, 47: 641-660.

W.K. Cornwell et al. (2009): Plant traits and wood fates across the globe: rotted, burned, or consumed? PDF file, Global Change Biology, 15: 2431-2449.
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

The Canadian Encyclopedia:
Seed Plants.

! David L. Strayer and Stuart E. G. Findlay (2010): Ecology of freshwater shore zones. PDF file, Aquat. Sci., 72: 127-163.
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Lluís Vilar, Universitat de Girona: The effect of fire on flora and vegetation.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

From the Universities Space Research Association´s Earth System Science Education (USRA): Earth System Science Online. Earth system science views the Earth as a synergistic physical system of interrelated phenomena, governed by complex processes involving the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere.
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

James D. Wright, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ: Environments and Life. Powerpont presentation. See also here and there.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Carlos Jaramillo et al. (2010): The origin of the modern Amazon rainforest: implications of the palynological and palaeobotanical record. PDF file, Amazonia, Landscape and Species Evolution: A Look into the Past, 1st edition. Edited by C. Hoorn and F.P. Wesselingh.
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Anthony R. Brach, Missouri Botanical Garden & Harvard University Herbaria (Botany Net): Ecology WWW page. Ecology links sorted in alphabetical order.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! The Interactive Geology Project (by Paul Weimer et al., Energy and Minerals Applied Research Center, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, University of Colorado.
The goal of this website is producing short 3D animations about the geologic evolution of key US national parks. Go to: ! Video Library. Excellent!
See especially (scroll down): "Triassic Thickets: Placerville, Colorado, 225 Million Years Ago."
This scene shows the plants developed on a broad coastal plain in western Colorado near Placerville. Plants depicted: Neocalamites, Sanmiguelia. This version is part of a joint project between the Interactive Geology Project at the University of Colorado Boulder and the Denver Museum of Nature and Science. See also here.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
! See especially the diorama of the Lettenkeuper swamp (Unterer Keuper, Erfurt Formation, Ladinian, Triassic). The Batrachotomus reconstruction in the background is surrounded by shafts of the horsetail Equisetites arenaceus. Photograph taken in the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany.

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany.
Go to: Unterer Keuper (Lower Keuper, Lettenkeuper, Erfurt Formation, Ladinian, Triassic). In German.
! Don´t miss the photograph of the Equisetites arenaceus reconstructions in life position.
Wikipedia also provided a larger view of the Lettenkeuper diorama on its Batrachotomus website.

The Independent, U.K.
Donald Trump meets with creationist Jerry Falwell Jr about possibly becoming next Secretary of Education (by Andrew Buncombe, November 21, 2016).

U.B. Leu (2013): Der Paläobotaniker Oswald Heer im Briefwechsel mit Charles Darwin und Charles Lyell. PDF file, in German. Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich.

U.B. Leu (2009): Oswald Heer (1809–1883): Paläobotaniker und Kritiker Darwins. PDF file, in German. Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich.

L.H. Tanner and S.G. Lucas (2007): Origin of sandstone casts in the Upper Triassic Zuni Mountains Formation, Chinle Group, Fort Wingate, New Mexico (column right hand side, scroll down). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, 40.
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
See also here. (provided by Google books).
"We propose alternatively that the casts are rhizoliths formed by the deep tap roots of the sphenopsid Neocalamites."

V. Borruel-Abadía et al. (2015): Climate changes during the Early–Middle Triassic transition in the E. Iberian plate and their palaeogeographic significance in the western Tethys continental domain. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 440: 671–689.
See also here.

S. Cotroneo et al. (2016): A new model of the formation of Pennsylvanian iron carbonate concretions hosting exceptional soft-bodied fossils in Mazon Creek, Illinois. In PDF, Geobiology, 14: 543-555. See also here (abstract).

L.A. Buatois et al. (2016): Mesozoic Lacustrine Revolution. Abstract, pp 179-263. In: The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events, Volume 40 of the series Topics in Geobiology.

N.C. Fraser et al. (1996): A Triassic lagerstätte from eastern North America. PDF file, Nature.

C. Diéguez et al. (2009): A fern-bennettitalean floral assemblage in Tithonian-Berriasian travertine deposits (Aguilar Formation, Burgos-Palencia, N Spain) and its palaeoclimatic and vegetational implications. Abstract, Journal of Iberian Geology, 35: 127-140.
Specimens preserved as impressions coated with a microbial film up to 5 mm thick made up of bacteria and cyanobacteria.
See also here.

The Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm:
! Databases. The electronic registration of the plant collections. "The goal is to provide an efficient way of searching for specimens and working on particular groups of plants or fossil sites". Excellent! Could be exemplary for other Natural Science Museums. Go to:
Triassic and Jurassic plants of Scania; see especially Specimens by publication.
! Triassic plants of Thale, Germany; see especially Specimen by publication.
! Triassic plants of Lunz, Austria.
Triassic plants of Eastern Australia.

! A.R.G. Plackett and J.C. Coates (2016): Life’s a beach – the colonization of the terrestrial environment. In PDF, New Phytologist, 212: 831–835. See also here.

! A.M.E. Winguth (2016): Changes in productivity and oxygenation during the Permian-Triassic transition. Geology, 44: 783–784.

Keywords: Paleobotany, Palaeobotany, Paläobotanik, Paleophytologist, Paleophytology, Palaeophytologist, Palaeophytology, Paleobotánica, Paléobotanique, Paleobotânica, Paleobotanico, Palaeobotanica, Paleobotanika, Paleobotaniky, Paleobotanikai, Paleobotaniikka, Paleontology, Palaeontology, Paläontologie, Paleobotánica, Paleontológico, Paleobotânicos, Paleobotaników, Botany, Fossil Plants, Paleovegetation, Palaeovegetation, Palaeophyticum, Paleophyticum, permineralized plants, petrified, cuticle, cuticles, charcoal, Palynology, Palynologie, Taphonomy, Tafonomía, paleosoil, palaeosoil, mesophytic, mesophyticum, Paläovegetation, Pflanzenfossilien, Evolution, Phylogeny, Triassic, Trias, Triásico, Keuper, Ladinian, Carnian, Norian, Rhaetian, Index, Link Page.

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This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber,
Last updated December 09, 2016

Golden Trilobite 2011 Some backward links and recommendations
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A tag cloud of 100 links:
Early Land Plants International Palaeobotanical and Palaeontological Institutions Bacterial Biofilms (Microbial Mats) Progress in Palaeobotany and Palynology Tutorials, Tips and Tricks to Adobe Photoshop What´s New on Links for Palaeobotanists? Teaching Documents about Plant Anatomy Palynology Databases Palynology Palaeosoils Indexes in Palaeontology and Evolution Software for Palaeontology Early Triassic Floras Cellulose Peel Technique Biotic Recovery from the Permian-Triassic Mass Extinction Filicales Fungi The Rise of Oxygen Molecular Palaeobotany Fossil Animal Plant Interaction Teaching Documents about Taphonomy The Mass Extinction at the End of the Permian Pith Cast Preservation High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDR) Sphenophyta Looking for a Job Selected Geology Cuticles Playa Lakes (Endorheic Basins) Palaeobotanical, Botanical and Palaeontological Bibliographies Cyanobacteria and Stromatolites Search The Pros and Cons of Pre-Neogene Growth Rings Digital Image Processing Microscopy Writing, Translating and Drawing Angiosperms Bryophyta Triassic Palaeobotany, Palynology and Stratigraphy Fossil Charcoal Teaching Documents about Palaeobotany The Mass Extinction at the End of the Triassic Upcoming Meetings and Symposia Search for Literature Directories focused on Palaeobotany Virtual Field Trip Guides All about Upper Triassic Gymnosperms Grants and Funding Organisations Helpful Databases and Glossaries Stomatal Density Ginkgoales Teaching Documents Classical Textbooks and Monographs in Palaeobotany Focused on Palaeoclimate Job & Experience Bennettitales Evolution Sciences versus Doctrines of Creationism and Intelligent Design Sedimentology and Sedimentary Rocks Teaching Documents about Cladistics Permineralized Plants and Petrified Forests Plant Anatomy & Taxonomy Databases focused on Palaeobotany and Palaeontology Science History of Palaeobotany and Renowned Palaeobotanists Palaeoclimate Palaeobotany, Botany, and Palaeontology Journals Online Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias Preservation & Taphonomy Stratigraphy and Facies of the European Keuper Insight into the Triassic World Plant Fossil Preservation Cycads Coal Petrology Open Access Publishing Focus Stacking (Photography, Extended Depth of Field) Teaching Documents about Classification and Phylogeny Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology Whole Plant Reconstructions Charcoal & Coal Petrology Pyrite Preservation Palaeobotanists Personal Pages Paleovegetation Reconstructions Palaeobotanical and Palaeontological Collections Taxonomy and Plant Classification Databases Photography and Scanning Software Ecology & Palaeoenvironment Leaf Size and Shape and the Reconstruction of Past Climates Palaeobotanical Tools Websites, showing Plant Fossils Conferences & List Server Pteridospermopsida Institutions & Organisations Abstracts- and Preprint Server Evolution & Extinction Lycophyta Riparian Habitats Teaching Documents about Botany Teaching Documents about Evolution

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