Images of Plant Fossils /
Websites, showing Plant Fossils
Fossil Plant and Paleovegetation Reconstructions
Sources of Fossil Clip Art
Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa@
! Photography and Scanning@
Digital Image Processing@
The American Geological Institute (AGI), Alexandria, VA: The Earth Science World ImageBank. This ImageBank is designed to provide quality geoscience images to the public, educators, and the geoscience community. Click on one of the images below to browse that category or go to the Search Images page for an advanced search.
Ancient Forests International (AFI). AFI has been instrumental in the protection of primary forests around the world.
Karen Antell, Biology Department, Eastern Oregon University, La Grande: Plant Biology Images. Images about herbaceous stems, leaves, roots, embryos, fruits, fungi, protista, and non-vascular plants (Mosses, Liverworts). Provided for the students home study. Anyone else is free to use them for similar purpose, but not for commercial reproduction.
Australian National Botanic Gardens and
Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Canberra:
Australian Plant Image Index. See especially:
! Digital images using Genus and species. This searches from over 28,000 photos that have been digitized.
Terese Barta, UW-Stevens Point, Mike Clayton, UW-Madison, Dave Hillier, UW-Stevens Point, Brad Mogen, UW-River Falls, Jim Perry, UW-Fox Valley, Jan Phelps, UW-Baraboo, Patricia Ploetz, UW-Stevens Point, Tom Volk, UW-La Crosse, & Bob Wise, UW-Oshkosh (page hosted by BioWeb, University of Wisconsin): UW-System Botanical Image Library. This site is devoted to making botanical images available and easily accessible for educational use. They aspire to provide a stable, maintained library of non-proprietary images that can be easily referenced by botanists designing their own educational applications
Phil and Jesse Bergman, Jungle Music Palms and Cycads, San Diego CA: Cycads. Visit the Cycad Photo Gallery. There are 437 pictures in the gallery.
Botanical art. A meeting place for botanical artists.
The Botanical Society of America:
The American Journal
of Botany Cover Images Index.
The collection on the page holding the cover images of
the American Journal of Botany. A great set of images! See also:
! Online Image Collection. This page acts as a map to the entire collection. Images are classified in groups in which they were submitted for historical purposes, e.g. Carnivorous Plants, Cellular Communication Channels, Economic Botany, Floral Ontogeny, Lichens, Organography, Paleobotany, Phloem Development, Plant Anatomy, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Plant Geography ,Plant Morphology, Pollen, Xylem Development, Filicophyta, Psilophyta, Sphenophyta. Each image acts as a link to a page containing more information, and a larger version of the picture. If you are searching for a specific image, you can use the google search at the bottom of the page. Excellent!
CalPhotos, Digital Library Project, University of California, Berkeley: Plants.
! John D. Curtis, Biology Department, University of Wisconsin; Nels R. Lersten, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, and Michael D. Nowak, Biology Department, University of Wisconsin: Photographic Atlas of Plant Anatomy.
Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc.: Scientific stock photography library. Light microscope pictures and electron microscopy images featuring science and biomedical microscopy photos. Go to Algae, Fungi, and Plants.
David L. Dilcher, Paleobotany Laboratory, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL: Dilcher's Swamp/Woods Leaf Images.
Leopold Dippel, Darmstadt, 1889-1893, Part 1 -3; (web site hosted by Kurt Stüber, Max-Planck-Institut für Züchtungsforschung, Collection of historic and classical biology books): Handbuch der Laubholzkunde. Dicot trees and shrubs in Germany (in German).
! Europeana (Europeana is a thematic network funded by the European Commission). Europeana links you to books and other texts, as well as to images, sounds and videos. More than 4.6 million digital items.
! Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg: Digitalisierte Literatur weltweit. An annotated link list (in German).
Josef Hlasek: Photo Gallery wildlife pictures, Plants.
Christian Ferdinand Hochstetter, 1883 (via Library University of Oldenburg, Germany): Naturgeschichte des Pflanzenreichs in Bildern (in German).
Kurt Stüber´s Online Library. A collection of historic and modern biology books. Go to: BioLib alphabetic index of Latin plant species names. Latin names used in this index often do not correspond to modern botanical nomenclature. See for instance: Equisetum hyemale.
! The Missouri Botanical Garden Library St. Louis, Missouri (and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation): Rare Books. This website features 46 digitized volumes, in order to make them available to an international audience. Using the buttons (e.g. "Browse Titles", you can view the 16,133 pages and 2,050 botanical illustrations currently online. Excellent!
! Mineralienatlas (in German): Public Domain Bildquellen. A link directory of public domain picture resources.
Staffan Müller-Wille, Kunsttexte.de: Text, Bild und Diagramm in der klassischen Naturgeschichte. PDF file (in German).
National Gardening Association (NGA).
NGA primarily helps home gardeners succeed, growing in health, knowledge, environmental awareness and enthusiasm,
to make home and community gardens greener and more productive.
They provide one of the leading educational gardening resource on the web.
Go to: ! The Garden.org Plants Database. More than 698,000 plants and 414,000 images in this database!
The National Plant Data Center (NPDC), Baton Rouge, LA (United States Department of Agriculture): The PLANTS Image Gallery. PLANTS currently has more than 16,000 plant photos and line drawings in the gallery.
! Daniel Nickrent, Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois: Botanical Image Data Bases. An annotated link list. This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Dan Nickrent and Karen Renzaglia, Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale: Land Plants Online. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Nikon Microscopy: Digital Image Galleries Including diatoms and radiolarians.
! Dan Nickrent, Kevin C. Nixon & Dale Vitt (Curatorial Board; website served from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale): Phyto Images. This site includes a wide variety of vascular plant and bryophyte photos of high quality. Phyto Images belongs to DOL (DiversityofLife.org), which is a web interface based on the Encino Software Project. The Encino project is a unified set of software tools for storing, retrieving, and analyzing biodiversity. Search the Cladogramm Database or use the Diagnostic Keys. Superbly done!
Meckes & Ottawa GbR, Reutlingen, Germany: Eye of Science. Life in a microcosmic world. Colorized scanning electron microscopic images. Go to: Botany.
! Department of Plant Sciences, Oxford University: Virtual Field Herbarium. Thousands of images of plants, especially tropical ones. Most images are linked to herbarium specimens. The website includes a glossary of botanical terms and links to the literature relevant to field guides.
Pixelio.de. Pictures free of charge (in German).
Stan Richard, Universities Space Research Association (USRA), sponsored by NASA Goddard: Earth Science Picture of the Day (EPOD). EPOD highlights the diverse processes and phenomena which shape our planet and our lives. EPOD will collect and archive photos, imagery, graphics, and artwork with short explanatory captions and links exemplifying features within the Earth system.
! Alison Roberts, Department of Biological Sciences,
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI:
Plant Anatomy BIO 311.
The table of contents, lab schedule and an electronic copy of the lab manual in Adobe
Acrobat pdf ("portable document format") are available for viewing online.
The lab manual is also available for downloading and printing.
are also organized by lab topic.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
! Heinz Schneider, Botanical Institute, University of Basel, Switzerland: Botanical Image Database. See also: Picture Collections. A rated and annotated link list (in German).
Thomas Schoepke, Institute of Pharmacy, University of Greifswald: Plant Image Gallery. The "Plant Image Gallery" contains about 2.000 pictures. Additionally, a considerable number of close-ups are among them obtained by use of a microscope.
Fritz Schweingruber and W. Landolt, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (an Institute of the ETH Board): Xylem Database. The Xylem database provides an anatomical description and classification of the xylem and phloem of herbs, shrubs and trees.
Fritz Schweingruber and W. Landolt, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (an Institute of the ETH Board): Dendrochronological Picture Database. 1400 slides cover most topics relevant to dendrochronology. Shown are general and species specific macroscopic and microscopic reactions to climate, extreme events and decomposition from all over the world.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego: Earthguide. Scripps Institution of Oceanography is one of the most important centers for marine science research, graduate training, and public service in the world. Go to: Image Library. An annotated link directory.
Gerd Seehawer:, Schneverdingen, Lower Saxony, Germany: Dendrological Plant Image Gallery.
Dan Skean, Albion College, Albion, Michigan: Albion College Vascular Plant Image Gallery. Images are listed by class and then alphabetically by family and scientific name. Superbly done!
George Sly, Union High School, Dugger, Indiana (Classrooms of the 21th Century): Teaching Tropical Rainforest Biology. Go to: Plant Images.
! C. Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC: Plant Image Collection. A library of over 31,000 photographic images of plant species and plant habitats. See also: Smithsonian Catalog of Botanical Illustrations. A database of more than 3000 botanical illustrations curated by the Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution. Excellent!
Iris Snyder, Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, Newark: The Art of Botanical Illustration. This online exhibition show the development of botanical illustration from early printed books to the present day. Topics are: Herbals, Travel and Exploration, Scientific Botany, Women Artists, Seed Catalogs, and Modern Botanicals.
The Society of Botanical Artists (SBA). SBA´s aim is bringing together botanical artists to create a focus for the art of botanical painting through the ages. Go to: Galleries.
P.F. Stevens and Hilary Davis, University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Descriptive characterization of all angiosperm orders and families, including images, phylogenetic trees, the description of characters used complete family and order synonymies, a link directory and a bibliography.
Stock.XCHNG. Free stock photos.
The School of Biological Sciences and the University of Sydney Library,
The University of Sydney:
eBot Plant Sciences Collection. This website provides access to a rich research collection of micrographs and plant images.
A database system for systematics and taxonomy. The SysTax database system comprises
concept-based botanical and zoological systematics, literature,
botanic gardens, herbaria, and zoological collections, etc.
Picture Search, Taxon Browser, Botany.
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group (and others): The Vascular Plant Image Gallery. A repository of over 7,500 plant images. Pages listed by family in alphabetical order. Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
! TinEye This is a reverse image search engine. It finds out where an image came from, how it is being used, if modified versions of the image exist, or if there is a higher resolution version.
! United States Department of Agriculture (USDA): The PLANTS Database. This database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. It includes names, plant symbols, checklists, distributional data, species abstracts, characteristics, images, crop information, automated tools, onward Web links, and references.
Robert Van Pelt, University of Washington, Seattle: Forest Giants. Photographs and drawings of the world's largest trees.
The Virtual Mirror, Inc. (Garden Web): HortiPlex Plant Database. The HortiPlex database contains plant images and data as well as links to information sources, images and vendors at other sites. There is also a nomenclature database which provides botanical information on each taxon.
Based on a scientific database, the program can be used for the visual determination of plants.
Now with around 22000 images, mostly with geo-referenced information.
You can search using taxon names or
via plant characters.
Worth checking out: Dalitz, H. and Homeier, J. (2004): Visual Plants - An image based tool for plant diversity research. Lyonia, 6: 47-59.
See also here (in German).
Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert, "Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte", newly edited by Moritz Willkomm, about 1887; (web site hosted by Kurt Stüber, Max-Planck-Institut für Züchtungsforschung, Collection of historic and classical biology books): Naturgeschichte des Pflanzenreichs nach dem Linné'schen System. In German. With 54 colored plates (650 figures)!
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
! Public domain image resources.
Steven J. Wolf, Biology Department, California State University, Stanislaus, Turlock: Steve's Nikon Coolpix 990 Photos. The images are also available via a searchable database. All images (size from 80-200 kb) are copyrighted but they may be used for non-commercial educational purposes.
Dennis Woodland (Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI), Botany Department,
University of Wisconsin, Madison:
Plant Systematics Collection.
This web site provides structured access to a teaching collection of plant images
representing over 250 families and 1000 genera of vascular plants.
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Links for Palaeobotanists
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