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Images of Plant Fossils

Websites, showing Plant Fossils
Fossil Plant and Paleovegetation Reconstructions
Sources of Fossil Clip Art
Plant Photographs
! Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa@
Fossil Protection@
Picture Search@
Image Collections@
! Early Land Plants@

Home / Images of Plant Fossils / Websites, showing Plant Fossils

Fossil Plant and Paleovegetation Reconstructions
Sources of Fossil Clip Art
Plant Photographs
! Triassic Palaeobotany, Palynology and Stratigraphy@
! Early Triassic Floras@
! Classical Textbooks and Monographs in Palaeobotany@
Picture Search@
Image Collections@
! Early Land Plants@
! Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa@

Websites, showing Plant Fossils

Rainer Albert (2011), Forum Pflanzenfunde aus dem Hauptsandstein des Unteren Lettenkeupers (Ladin, Erfurt-Formation) von Heilbronn (PDF file, in German).

The University of Alberta's Department of Museums and Collections Services: Joffre Bridge Fossil Exhibition. This interactive exhibit explores the rich fossil record from Joffre Bridge, one of the most significant fossil-collecting areas in south-central Alberta. Joffre Bridge Fossil Exhibition allows visitors to examine the variety of material collected from the site, specifically fossilized plants. This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Sarah Allen, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida: Blue Rim Paleobotany.

American Geological Institute (AGI), Alexandria, VA: The Earth Science World Image Bank. This Image Bank is designed to provide quality geoscience images to the public, educators, and the geoscience community. Select a Category, e.g. "Plants".

American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY: Natural History, Inner Beauty. Petrified wood from the Triassic Chinle Formation, Arizona. Remarkable photographs reveal the structure of fossil organisms whose tissues, over eons, have been replaced by minerals. Photographs by Giraud Foster and Norman Barker.

Antiquariaat Junk, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Go to: Paleontology, or Phytopaleontology / Fossil plants.

Paleobotany section, Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor: Paleobotany Image Gallery. Archaeopteris macilenta, Tipuana ecuatoriana, Pityostrobus kayei.

Argumenta Palaeobotanica. From Münster, Germany. Reconstruction of the gametophyte Kidstonophyton discoides and Langiophyton mackiei.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

W.P. Armstrong, WAYNE'S WORD, (1999): Plants of Jurassic Park. Easy to understand article (modified from Pacific Horticulture 55: 42-48).

The L. H. Bailey Hortorium at Cornell University: Paleobotanical Holdings at the Bailey Hortorium. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. Go to: Cretaceous Fossils. Articles with numerous photographs.

Stan Balducci Fossil News: Mesozoic Plants. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

D. Barthelt-Ludwig et al. (2004): Rätsel im Stein Auf paläontologischer Spurensuche. PDF file, in German.

Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, München: Fossil des Monats (in German). Go to Blattscheide eines Schachtelhalmgewächses.

! Branko M. Begovic Bego (2011): Nature´s Miracle, Ginkgo biloba L. 1771. In PDF (40.5 MB!). Table of contents PDF page 9-11. See especially: PDF page 49: "Ancestors and relatives of Ginkgo biloba".
See also here. Access via Scribd.

The University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley: Paleontology Collections Photos. About 6400 images from the UCMP collections are now available in the on-line catalog, with new images appearing daily. Go to: Fossil Plants.

The University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley: Localities of the Devonian: Rhynie Chert, Scotland. Section through a fossilized stem of Aglaophyton major. See also: The Lake Winnipeg Algal Flora. Late Ordovician algae.

! Jamie Boyer, New York Botanical Garden: Paleoplant.blogspot.

The Botanical Society of America: Online Image Collection. This is a collection of approximately 800 images available for instructional use. The site is run by a search engine database, designed and maintained by Scott Russell; slides scanned by Tom Jurik and Dave Webb. The copyright and any intellectual property rights for these images are retained by the individual donors. Visit SET 11 - PALEOBOTANY. Paleobotany section slides contributed by John Hall.

! The Botanical Society of America: The American Journal of Botany Cover Images Index. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. The collection on the page holding the cover images of the American Journal of Botany. A great set of images! See also:
! Online Image Collection. This page acts as a map to the entire collection. Images are classified in groups in which they were submitted for historical purposes, e.g. Paleobotany, (a non profit web organisation, managed by the Natural Science Society, Prague): Fossil Plants. Images with annotations (in Czech).

Silvio Brandt, Halle, Germany: (in German). Upper Permian Fossils. Go to: Plants. Images of Araucarites ludwigii, Culmitzschia florinii, Ortiseia leonardii, Pseudovoltzia liebeana, Quadrocladus solmsii, Quadrocladus orobiformis, Rhenania reicheltii, Ullmannia frumentaria, Ullmannia brandtii, Ullmannia bronnii, Voltzia hexagona, Peltaspermum martinsii, Taeniopteris eckardtii, Sphenobaiera digitata, Calamites kutorgai, Cyclocarpus eiselianus.

Mariana Brea et al. (2009): Darwin forest at agua de la zorra: the first in situ forest discovered in South America by Darwin in 1835. Abstract (free PDF file also available), Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 64: 21-31. Images of Cladophlebis kurtzii, Cladophlebis mesozoica, Cladophlebis mendozaensis, Neocalamites carrerei, Nododendron suberosum, Neocalamostachys arrondoi and two Triassic reconstructions.

MSc Palaeobiology Students, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, (the author's name appears on the title page for each section): Fossil Lagerstätten. A catalogue of sites of exceptional fossil preservation. Go to: Santana Formation, Fauna and Flora (e.g. a Cheiroledpidiaceous conifer); Mazon Creek, Fauna and Flora (Lepidodendron, Lepidostrobophyllum, Lepidophyllum, Calamites, Asterophyllites equisetiformis, Spenophyllum, Equisetites, Pecopteris, Asterotheca, Alethopteris, Diplothmema).

Brooklyn Botanic Garden: Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis).

Robert Buckley, Trabuco Canyon, California, (Illustrations by Douglas Henderson, John Sibbick and Mark Hallet), The Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida (PACSOF): The Fossil Cycads. Images of Ptilophylum, Aricycas paulae, Pseudoctenis spatula, Williamsonia, Dioon prespinulosum.

B. Chaloner and G. Creber, Royal Holloway, University of London (website hosted by The International Organisation of Palaeobotany, IOP): Unexpected occurrences, An unexpected exposure: Pleuromeia.
Now recovered from the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

The Field Museum, Chicago, IL:
Focus: Fossil Plants. See especially:
! Mesofossils.

Samuel J. Ciurca, Jr., Rochester, New York: Silurian Plants (under construction). Cooksonia.

! Owen Kent Davis, Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson: Catalog of Internet Pollen and Spore Images. Excellent!

Denver Museum of Nature & Science (DMNS), Denver, Colorado: DMNS Paleobotany Collection. This website contains over 1000 images of fossil plants spanning the late Cretaceous through early Eocene from the Western Interior of North America. Go to: Advanced Search: Character States.

David L. Dilcher, Terry A. Lott, and Brian J. Axsmith: Fossil Plants from the Union Chapel Mine, Alabama. PDF file, from: Buta, R.J., Rindsberg, A.K., and Kopaska-Merkel, D.C., eds., 2005, Pennsylvanian Footprints in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama. Alabama Paleontological Society Monograph no. 1. Images of Lepidophloios, Lepidodendron, Lepidostrobus, Lepidostrobophyllum, Lepidophylloides, Calamites, Calamostachys, Asterophyllites charaeformis, phenopteris, Neuralethopteris, Trigonocarpus ampulliforme, Whittleseya elegans.

Science > Earth Sciences > Paleontology > Paleobotany > Taxa.
Link directory.

Jeanne Doubinger, Pierre Vetter, Jean Langiaux, Jean Galtier, Jean Broutin: La flore fossile du bassin houiller de Saint-Étienne. Black and white photographs of Pecopteris polymorpha, Syringodendron fenestratum, Annularia mucronata, Pecopteris cyathea, Alethopteris zeilleri.
A version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Mike Everhart, Sternberg Museum of Natural History, Fort Hays State University, Hays, KS: Charles H. Sternberg, Fossil Hunter, 1850-1943. Sassafras leaves, Dakota Sandstone.

J.M. Fabiny, Pennsylvania Paleo Page.

! M.J. Farabee, Estrella Mountain Community College Center, Avondale, Arizona: On-Line Biology Book. Introductory biology lecture notes. Go to:

Farwest Geoscience Foundation (?): A Paleobotanical Visit To The Sailor Flat Hydraulic Gold Mine, and many other plant bearing localities.

The Field Museum, Chicago: Fossil Plants Collections Mesofossils. Mid to late Cretaceous plant fossils in charcoal preservation.

The Field Museum, Chicago, IL: Expedition to East Greenland. The purpose of the Greenland expedition was to gather fossil plants that would help to investigate a great mass extinction event that occurred at the transition from the Triassic to the Jurassic. Go to: Fossil Plant Image Gallery. Images of Dictyophyllum, Nilssonia, Lepidopteris ottonis, Ginkgoites, Anomozamites, Spiropteris, Thaumatopteris brauniana, Pseudoctenis, Stachyotaxus, Podozamites, Stachyotaxus septentrionalis, Ricciopsis.

Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville: Visit the Paleobotany and Palynology Image Gallery. Images of Paleomyrtinaea, Macginitiea angustiloba, Macginicarpa glabra, Lygodium kaulfussi, Paracarpinus chaneyi, Asterocarpinus perplexans, Cedrelospermum, Cyclocarya brownii, Clarnoxylon blanchardii, Diplodipelta miocenica, Tilia pedunculata, Cruciptera, Trochodendron, Ostrya oregoniana, Polyptera manningii, Juglandiphylloides glabra, Cunninghamia marquettii, Mahonia simplex, etc.

Giraud Foster & Norman Barker, Ancient Microworld: Photo Gallery. Some petrified plants. Click on an image to view an enlarged version. See also: Photography Techniques.
Snapshots provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

GoGraph: GoGraph offers flexible royalty free stock photography, vectors, illustrations, graphics, and stock footage at low prices. Go to: Paleobotany Stock Illustrations - Royalty Free.
See also: Paleobotany Stock Photos.

Google: Search results Fossil plants on stamps (images).

M. Gross (1999): Die phytopaläontologische Sammlung Franz UNGER am Landesmuseum Joanneum. PDF file, in German. Joannea Geol. Paläont., 1: 5-26.

Jason Hilton (2007): Living Fossils, Ginkgo biloba - its ancestors and allies. Website hosted by The International Organisation of Palaeobotany (IOP).

Illinois State Geological Survey Champaign: A 300 Million Year Old Pennsylvanian Age Mire Forest. See also:
Plant fossils. A reconstruction of Medullosa as well as line drawings of Neuropteris and Lepidodendron.

Illinois State Museum, Springfield: Mazon Creek Plants.

Institut für Spezielle Botanik der FSU Jena: Paläobotanische Sammlung (Collection Schweitzer). In German.

K.-P. Kelber (2007): Die Erhaltung und paläobiologische Bedeutung der fossilen Hölzer aus dem süddeutschen Keuper (Trias, Ladinium bis Rhätium).- In German. PDF file, 33 MB! pp. 37-100; In: Schüßler, H. & Simon, T. (eds.): Aus Holz wird Stein - Kieselhölzer aus dem Keuper Frankens.- (Eppe), Bergatreute-Aulendorf.

K.-P. Kelber (2005): Makroflora (Die Keuperfloren). PDF file (12 MB), in German. In: Beutler, G., Hauschke, N., Nitsch, E. and Vath, U. (eds.): Deutsche Stratigraphische Kommission, Stratigraphie von Deutschland IV - Keuper. Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 253: 32-41.

K.-P. Kelber & E. Nitsch (2005): Paläoflora und Ablagerungsräume im unterfränkischen Keuper (Exkursion H am 1. April 2005).- PDF file (20 MB), in German. Jber. Mitt. oberrhein. geol. Ver., N.F., 87: 217-253; Stuttgart.

! Hans Kerp, Palaeobotanical Research Group, Westfälische Wilhelms University, Münster. Click: "Rhynie Chert" (The Rhynie Chert and its Flora). A depiction of the silica permineralized fossil flora of Rhynie (Scotland), a 400 Million year old flora, which contains a wide diversity of taxa varying from unicellular fungi to the earliest anatomically preserved higher land plants and animal remains. Breathtaking thin section micro-photographs, e.g. in " V. The alternation of generations in early land plants": The male gametophyte with antheridia, the release of sperm from antheridium, etc. Including "The life cycle of Aglaophyton - Lyonophyton", modified after Taylor, Kerp & Hass, 2005, PNAS, v. 102, p. 5892-5897.

Kipping-Fossils (Bernd Kipping, Klingenberg, Germany). Go to:

Michael P. Klimetz, Science Department, John Dewey High School, Brooklyn, NY: Web Resource for Students and Teachers. Go to:

Helmut Knoll, Alsdorf, Germany: Fossil plants from the Late Cretaceous Aachen Formation (in German). See especially: Hermanophyton sp.

J. Konecny, S. Konecny and J. Null, Fossil News, Journal of Avocational Paleontology: The Mazon Creek Nodules.

J. Kovar-Eder (2007): Fossile Pflanzen Puzzlesteine der Evolution. PDF file, in German. Denisia 20, zugleich Kataloge der oberösterreichischen Landesmuseen, Neue Serie 66: 367-377. (2013):

Jayson Kowinsky, the FossilGuy Web Page: Fossils Found in the Mahoning Formation, at Ambridge, PA (Middle-Pennsylvanian). Images of fossil plants, e.g. Pecopteris arborescens.

M. Krings, Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Sektion Paläontologie und Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, München: Die obertriassische Flora von Lunz (Niederösterreich) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Samenpflanzen: Systematik, Paläobiologie und Paläoökologie (in German).

L. Kunzmann et al. (2013): Die Innovation von Melbourne: eine fossile Pflanze ein Name. PDF file, in German. Senckenberg natur forschung museum, 143: 222-229. See also here.

Cor Kwant, The Netherlands: The Ginkgo Pages. See especially: Fossils and Ginkgo fossils: picture gallery.
Also worth checking out: Links.

J. Laurie et al. (2009): Living Australia (in PDF). Earth history in Australia.

Leeds Geoblitz Project. A review of the geology collection at Leeds Museum, England, UK. Go to:
The Palaeobotany Review.
"The aim of the review is to establish material that is of scientific merit and specimens which are good representatives, possessing public potential for display and community events. These two criteria do not necessarily go hand in hand; as a specimen may have a fantastic scientific research potential, but may not be visually impressive. Therefore the specimens are graded against two separate criteria: Scientific Merit (as a numerical value of stars) and Public Engagement (as a Gold, Silver or Bronze status)".

Microgeodynamics Laboratory, School of Earth Sciences, Leeds University: Pyritisation of fossil wood.

The Natural History Museum, London: Earth lab. This datasite is a new educational resource allowing to investigate UK geology on-line and fossil plant specimens. > Access the database, > select: "fosssil", > select: "group", > select: "plants", > push "view selected". Currently 41 images of plant fossils. Just click on the images for an enlarged view.

Michael Lucks, Waiblingen: Palaeobotanicum. Some images of fossil plants, e.g. Danaeopsis arenacea from the Lower Keuper, Triassic (website in German). Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
See also here.

J. Marder, PBS News (Public Broadcasting Service), January 19, 2012: Darwin Fossils Released From Hiding.

E. Martinetto and L. Macaluso (2018): Quantitative application of the Whole-Plant Concept to the Messinian Piacenzian flora of Italy. In PDF, Fossil Imprint, 74: 77100.
Note Fig. 5h: The reconstruction of Glyptostrobus europaeus.

Jürgen Meyer et al.: (in German). Website under construction.

! Palaeobotanical Research Group, Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms University, Münster, Germany.
The older website is still available by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
History of Palaeozoic Forests, FOSSIL AND EXTANT LYCOPHYTES. Link list page with rankings and brief explanations. Images of Lepidodendron aculeatum, Lepidophyllum, Lepidophylloides, Cyperites bicarinatus, Lepidostrobus, Lepidostrobophyllum, Lepidostrobophyllum lanceolatum, Lepidophloios laricinus, Lepidophloios. See also:
FOSSIL AND EXTANT SPHENOPHYTES. Images of Calamites, Calamites carinatus, Calamites cistii, Annularia, Annularia radiata, Annularia mucronata, Annularia stellata, Annularia sphenophylloides, Asterophyllites, Asterophyllites equisetiformis, Asterophyllites charaeformis, Asterophyllites longifolius, Calamostachys, Calamostachy binneyana, Sphenophyllum, Sphenophyllum cuneifolium, Sphenophyllum emarginatum, Sphenophyllum longifolium, Sphenophyllum majus, Sphenophyllum geinitzii, Sphenophyllum plurifoliatum. See also:
FOSSIL FERNS. Images of Psaronius, Psaronius melanedrus, Tietea singularis, Pecopteris, Pecopteris cyathea, Pecopteris oreopteridia, Pecopteris arborescens, P. (Senftenbergia) plumosa, Asterotheca, Scolecopteris, Scolecopteris (P.) mertensiodes, Ptychocarpus (P.) unita, Ptychocarpus (P.) unita, Senftenbergia crenata, Alloiopteris coralloides, Anachoropteris involuta, Ankyropteris, Botryopteris, Etapteris, Oligocarpia gutbieri, Pseudosporochnus, Saccopteris cristata, Stauropteris. See also:
PTERIDOSPERMS OR SEED FERNS. Images of Lyginopteris, Lagenostoma, Sphenopteris crepinii, Lagenostoma lomaxii, Pachytesta, Trigonocarpus, Bernaultia, Schopfipollenites, Bernaultia formosa, Whittleseya microphylla, Medullosa noei, Myeloxyleon, Neuropteris, Alethopteris, Sphenopteris, Alethopteris decurrens, Alethopteris lonchitica, Alethopteris sullivantii, Neuropteris obliqua, Eusphenopteris, Mariopteris, Mariopteris muricata, Reticulopteris, Cyclopteris, Lescuropteris genuina, Alethopteris zeilleri. See also:
CONIFERS. Images of Lebachia, Walchia, Walchia piniformis, Cassinisia orobica, Pseudovoltzia liebeana, Majonica alpina, Dolomitia cittertiae. See also:
CYCADS. Images of modern cycads. See also:
COAL SWAMP FORESTS. Link list page with picture rankings. Several dioramas of coal swamp forests. The links give the most direct connections to illustrations available on the web. See also:
CALLIPTERIDS. Images of Autunia conferta, Rhachiphyllum schenkii. See also:
MODES OF PRESERVATION. The links give the most direct connections to pictures available on the web. See also:
CORDAITES. Images of Cordaites, Cordaites principalis, Cordaicladus, Cordaianthus, Cordaianthus williamsii, Cardiocarpus spinosus, Samaropsis,, Artisia horizontalis, Mesoxylon, Mesoxylon iowense, Amyelon. See also:
SILURIAN PLANT FOSSILS. Images of Silurian cryptospores and Parka decipiens. See also:
THE EARLIEST LIFE. Images of precambrian microfossils and stromatolites. The links give the most direct connections to pictures available on the web; in many cases they are from sites that have additional palaeobotanical information. See also:
THE EARLIEST LAND PLANTS. Images of Rhynia, Rhynia gwynne-vaughanii, Cooksonia, Cooksonia hemisphaerica, Baragwanathia, Cooksonia pertonii, Aglaophyton major, Lyonophyton rhynienensis, Horneophyton lignieri, Nothia aphylla, Crenaticaulis, Sawdonia, Sawdonia acanthotheca, Sawdonia ornata, Serrulacaulis furcatus, Rebuchia ovata, Zosterophyllum divaricatum, Zosterophyllum rhenanum, Psilophyton, Psilophyton crenulatum, Psilophyton dawsonii, Psilophyton dapsile, Psilophyton ornata, Pertica, Pertica quadrifaria, Asteroxylon, Asteroxylon mackiei. See also:
THE EARLY FORESTS AND THE PROGYMNOSPERMS. Images of Archaeopteris, Tetraxylopteris schmidtii, Callixylon, Archaeopteris gaspensis, Archaeopteris halliana, Archaeopteris hibernica. Excellent!
These expired links are now available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Dennis Murphy, Devonian Times (funded in part by the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia). Navigate from: "A survey of the plants, animals and geology at Red Hill". Images of Barinophyton spp., an unidentified cormose lycopsid, cf Lepidodendropsis sp., Gillespiea randolphensis, Rhyacophyton ceratangium, Archaeopteris spp., and other early seed plants.

Henry Alleyne Nicholson (! 1876): The Ancient Life History of the Earth. A Project Gutenberg EBook. Including some line drawings of plants.

Museum of Natural History, Nova Scotia Museum: Fossils of Nova Scotia, Browse the Fossil Gallery. This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Open the Triassic/Jurassic Periode drawer.

Research Centre of Palaeontology and Historical Geology: Institute, States Collections, and Museum of Palaeontology and Historical Geology at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München: Online Exhibition "Living Fossils". Go to: Handfarne, Ginkgos und Mammutbäume, and Walter Jung, Der Ginkgo - Baum, ein Unikum mit Vergangenheit, and Walter Jung, Die Metasequoia, ein zum Leben erwecktes Fossil. In German.

Dennis C. Murphy, Devonian Times: Archaeopteris.

Museum Victoria Australia, (Victoria's State Museum), Melbourne: Plant fossils. Images of Thinnfeldia feistmanteli, Araucaria, Cladophlebis, Ginkgoites australis.

Nature brief communications: Palaeobiology: The missing link in Ginkgo evolution. Ginkgo species from the Lower Cretaceous Zhuanchengzhi Bed of the Yixian Formation, China. Nature 423, 821 - 822, 2003.

Paläontologische Museum Nierstein: Image of Dioonitocarpidium pennaeforme (website in German).

The Paleontology Portal. (produced by the University of California Museum of Paleontology, the Paleontological Society, the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, and the United States Geological Survey; funded by the National Science Foundation): Fossil Gallery, Plants. Fossil plants on stamps (Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, India).

Paleontologisk museum, Universitetet i Oslo, Norway: Liste over fossiler i plantemonteren. Images of Creataceous and Tertiary plant fossils. In Norwegian.

The Palm and Cycad Society of Florida. The fossil Cycads. With paintings and reconstructions of Douglas Henderson, John Sibbick, and Mark Hallett. Go to: Cretaceous Cycadales. Reconstruction images, image of Cycadeoidea marylandica.

Petralga. The PETRALGA (PErmian & TRiassic ALGAe) Project was initiated in order to provide useful palaeontological tools for both Scientific Institutions and Industry.

Mihai Emilian Popa, Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Faculty of Geology and Geophysics, University of Bucharest: Fossil plants in Romania. Images and short descriptions of fossil plants from Romania.

Christian Pott, Forschungsstelle für Paläobotanik, Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany: Lunz - a famous flora. Triassic (Carnian) macroplant remains from Austria. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. Go to:
! Literature concerning the Lunz flora and adjacent aspects. An extensive bibliography.

Rosemary Prevec, Geology Department Rhodes University, South Africa (website by Science in Africa): The power of plants: how ancient forests drive SA´s economy. About Glossopteris forests and coal. This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Public Broadcasting Service (PBS): NOVA (a high rated science series on TV). First Flower. Go to: Flowers Modern and Ancient. About Archaefructus liaoningensis, discovered in the fossil beds of Liaoning Province in northeastern China.

Bill Rember, Jesse Garnett White and Susan Butts, Tertiary Research Center, Department of Geological Sciences University of Idaho, Moscow, ID: The Clarkia Flora of northern Idaho. Fossil plants from the Miocene.

R. Rößler, (2006): Einzigartig und dennoch ausgestorben - Die Schachtelhalm-Giganten des Perms (in German). In PDF, Fossilien, 23: 87-92. Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Ronny Rößler & Robert Noll (website hosted by Calamitea COTTA 1832. Fossile Pflanze zwischen Historie und aktueller Forschung. PDF file, in German. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Sächsische Landesamt für Umwelt und Geologie (2006): Das Döhlener Becken bei Dresden - Geologie und Bergbau. PDF file, in German. Bergbau in Sachsen, vol. 12. See especially PDF page 30: Makroflora und zugehörige "in situ"-Sporen (by M. Barthel).

Senckenberg Natural History Museum and Centre for Biodiversity Research, Frankfurt am Main: Entwicklung der Pflanzenwelt (via wayback archive). Easy to understand introduction (in German). Image of Moresnetia, image and reconstruction of Cycadeoidea. See also: Fossil plants on stamps (via wayback).

Dan Skean, Albion College, Albion, Michigan: Albion College Vascular Plant Image Gallery. Images are listed by class and then alphabetically by family and scientific name.

B. Slater (2011): Fossil focus: Coal swamps. n PDF, Palaeontology Online. See also here.

National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC: A Virtual Tour of the Fossil Plants. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.: Underground Carboniferous Forest (Riola mine, Illinois). A lycopsid tree stump and a pith cast of Calamites. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Doug Soltis, Amber Tilley and Hongshan Wang, Florida Museum of Natural History (FLMNH), University of Florida: Deep Time. A comprehensive phylogenetic tree of living and fossil angiosperms. Go to: Virtual Fossil Collection. Images of Androdecidua, Archaeanthus, Liriophyllum kansense, Archaefructus.

Geology Collection, Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOES), University of Southampton: SOES Geology Collection / Fossils / Plants / Carboniferous. Images of Alethopteris, Asterophyllites, Annularia, Calamites, Lepidodendron, Stigmaria, Trigonocarpus, Lepidostrobus, Mesolobus, Neuropteris, Pecopteris. Also worth checking out: Go to: Jurassic. Images of Cycadeoidea, Cycadeoidea gigantea, Cycadeoidea microphylla. See also: SOES Geology Collection / Plants / Antarctica / Mt. Flora / Jurassic. Collected from Mt. Flora in Graham Land, Antartica.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! Count Kaspar Maria Sternberg (provided by the National Museum Prague and Czech Geological Survey): Versuch einer geognostisch-botanischen Darstellung der Flora der Vorwelt. Some pages and plates (online demo version). Don`t miss the Gallery.

! Hans Steur, Ellecom, The Netherlands: Hans´ Paleobotany Pages. Plant life from the Silurian to the Cretaceous. Images of (Cooksonia, Nematothallus, Parka, Pachytheca, Rhynia gwynne-vaughanii, Asteroxylon mackiei, Horneophyton lignieri, Aglaophyton major, Nothia aphylla, neuropteris-, pecopteris-, alethopteris-, sphenopteris-, mariopteris-like leaflets, Cyclopteris, Aphlebia, Lepidodendron, Sigillaria, Psaronius, Tempskya. See also:
Exceptionally preserved plant fossils from Crock Hey, or
The Jurassic flora of North Yorkshire.

Ed Strauss: Petrified Wood From Western Washington. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. Go to: Table of Genera. Microscopic images of Acer momijiyamense, Alnus latissima, Carpinus absarokensis, Cercidiphyllum, Cornoxylon, Diospyroxylon, Fagoxylon, Quercinium lamarense, Licquidambaroxylon weylandi, Carya tertiara, Pterocarya rhoifilia, Laurinoxylon, Robinioxylon, Magnolia, Lirodendroxylon.

P. K. Strother, Paleobotanical Laboratory at Weston Observatory: Grand Canyon: Paleobotanical Research on the Bright Angel Shale. Fossil spore polyads and a dyad as well as cryptospores and spore clusters of Middle Cambrian age.
Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Prem Subrahmanyam, Graphic Design, Prem´s fossil gallery, or Beneath the Calamites Tree: Fossil Plants. Pennsylvanian plants collected in the Cahaba coal field near Marvel north of Montevalo, AL and south-southwest of Birmingham, AL.

Ge Sun, David L. Dilcher, Shaoling Zheng, and Zhekun Zhou; Science Nov 27 1998: 1692-1695: In Search of the First Flower: A Jurassic Angiosperm, Archaefructus, from Northeast China. Images of Archaefructus liaoningensis.

Department of Palaeobotany, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine): Rhaetian and Jurassic plants of Scania. This database includes the Rhaetian and Jurassic plant fossils from Scania, southern Sweden, housed in the Stockholm collections.

Department of Palaeobotany, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm: Bildgalleri. Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Pictures of Alnus, Annularia stellata, Araucaria mirabilis, Baiera furcata, Bergeria mimerensis, Cercidiphyllum crenatum, Corylus, Credneria zenkeri, Cyclostigma kiltorkense, Ginkgoites hermelinii, Ginkgoites regnellii, Glossopteris browniana, Lepidodendron aculeatum, Metasequoia occidentalis, Odontopteris stradonicensis, Psaronius infarctus, Scandianthus costatus, Sigillaria elongata, Silvianthemum suecicum, Weichselia reticulata, Weltrichia spectabilis. See also:
Databases. Tertiary plants of Spitsbergen, Rhaetian and Jurassic plants of Scania, Miocene flora of Iceland, Cretaceous plants of Quedlinburg, Cretaceous and Tertiary Plants of Greenland, and Quaternary Plants of Cameroon.

Ralph E. Taggart, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology/Department of Geological Sciences at Michigan State University, East Lansing:
! BOT335 Lecture Schedule. Some interesting chapters in terms of palaeobotany, e.g.
The First Vascular Land Plants;
Carboniferous Forests;
Arborescent Lycopods;
Psaronius: a Carboniferous tree-fern;
Carboniferous Horsetails;
Carboniferous Seed Ferns;
The Evolution of Conifers;
Cycadophytes, the True Cycads;
Mesozoic Cycadeoids;
North American Redwoods, Past and Present.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Museum of Geology, Tartu, Estonia: Image of Alethopteris meriani, Triassic, Lunz, Austria.

Rickard S. Toomey, Richard L. Leary, Bruce McMillan, and Erich Schroeder, Illinois State Museum: Mazon Creek Fossils. Go to: Mazon Creek Plants. Images of Calamites, Asterophyllites, Annularia, a horsetail relative, foliage (48k) Sphenophyllum, Equisetites, Sigillaria, Lepidodendron, Lepidophyllum, Lepidostrobus, Lepidostrobophyllum, Lepidocarpon, Knorria, Cordaites, Artisia Cordaianthus, Cordaicarpus, Pecopteris, Asterotheca, Sphenopteris, Sphenopterid Alethopteris, Neuropteris, Diplothmema.

The Virtual Fossil Museum: Plant Fossils through Geological Time. See also:
Stromatolites of America. Another access:
Fossil Plants.

Steve Wagner: Images of fossils, e.g. from the Castle Rock Fossil Rainforest project at the Denver Museum of Nature Science (DMNS). Nice photo galleries of fossil plants, see: Green River Fossil Excavation in Bonanza, UT, The Fossils. See also: Fossil Plants from Cretaceous Laramie Formation.

Wayne´s Word, Escondido, California (A nonprofit quarterly journal published by WOLFFIA INC.): Fossils Of Ancient Plants. Petrified wood, leaf imprints and plants in amber. Go to: W. P. Armstrong (1995): Plants of Jurassic Park. Plants that lived when dinosaurs roamed the Earth. WAYNE'S WORD Volume 8 (1999).

Reinhard Weber, Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad de México: Virutas Paleobotánicas (in Spain, English version under construction). Go to: Galería Fotográfica, e.g. Triásico de Sonora.

Now recovered from the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Scroll down to "Plantae". Images of Cheirolepis setosus, Cheirolepis setosus woolleri, Clathopteris whitbiensis, Cyclopteris beani, Flabellaria? viminea, Marzaria simpsoni, Nageiopsis anglica, Nilssonia compta, Optopteris acuminata, Otozamites, Pachypteris lanceolata, Pecopteris propinqua, Pecopteris undans, Pterophyllum comptum, Sphenopteris williamsonis, Williamsonia gigas, Williamsonia himas, Zamia gigas.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Category:Triassic events
Category:Triassic life
Category:Triassic first appearances
Category:Triassic animals
! Category:Triassic plants

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Archaeopteris (in German).

! Gerhard Winter, near Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Fossil plants on stamps. In German.

Student group, ?University of Alberta, WordPress @ Bio-Sci (a website provided for Biological Sciences):
! Paleobotany . Numerous photographs of fossil plants, taxonomically sorted, e.g.:

ETH Zürich, Earth Science Collections: Palaeobotany. Image Gallery.

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This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
Last updated July 06, 2020

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