Links for Palaeobotanists

Home / All about Upper Triassic / Triassic Palaeobotany


Categories
Triassic Biotas
Homepages of Triassic Workers
Triassic Literature
Triassic Palynology
Triassic Climate
The Carnian Pluvial Event
Triassic Palaeogeography
Triassic Stratigraphy
The European Keuper: Stratigraphy and Facies
Triassic Palaeosols
Triassic Charcoal
The Rhaetian
Early Triassic Floras
Reconstructions of Triassic Landscapes
Triassic Field Trips

! Focused on the Evolution of Plants@
General Palaeobotany Articles@
The Mass Extinction at the End of the Permian@
The Mass Extinction at the End of the Triassic@
! Biotic Recoveries from Mass Extinctions@
! Fossil Plant and Paleovegetation Reconstructions@
! Classical Monographs and Textbooks in Palaeobotany@


Triassic Palaeobotany


First of all:

! Edith L. Taylor & Vents Ivanov, Division of Paleobotany, Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence: Bibliography of Paleobotany. As of February, 2004, there are more than 50,000 entries in the database. In almost all cases, the complete reference is included. A small proportion of the entries have been indexed for keywords, mostly the newer literature. Excellent!


Anders Ahlberg, Leif Arndorff & Dorothy Guy-Ohlson: Onshore climate change during the Late Triassic marine inundation of the Central European Basin. Abstract, Terra Nova, Volume 14,Issue 4, Page 241; 2002.

Rainer Albert (2011), Forum Steinkern.de: Pflanzenfunde aus dem Hauptsandstein des Unteren Lettenkeupers (Ladin, Erfurt-Formation) von Heilbronn (PDF file, in German).

H.M. Anderson et al. (2008): Stems with attached Dicroidium leaves from the Ipswich Coal Measures, Queensland, Australia. PDF file, Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 52: 1-12. See also here.

! J. Anderson et al. (2007): Brief history of the gymnosperms: classification, biodiversity, phytogeography and ecology. In PDF, Strelitzia, 20, 279 p. See also here (abstract).

J.M. Anderson et al. (1999): Patterns of Gondwana plant colonisation and diversification. Abstract, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 28: 145-l67.

J.M. Anderson et al. (1998): Late Triassic ecosystems of the Molteno/Lower Elliot biome of southern Africa. PDF file, Palaeontology 41.

Federico Exequiel Arce and y Alicia Isabel Lutz (2010): Fructificaciones de la Formación Los Rastros, Triásico Superior, Provincia de San Juan, Argentina (in Spanish). PDF file, Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 27: 32-42. Triassic fructifications (Umkomasia, Peltaspermum, Andersonia, Matatiella, Telemachus) from Argentina and elsewhere in Gondwana.

S. Archangelsky (1968): Studies on Triassic fossil plants from Argentina. IV. The leaf genus Dicroidium and its possible relation to Rhexoxylon stems. PDF file, Palaeontology, 11: 500-512.
A version archived by Internet Archive Wayback Machine.

! Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona (U.S. Department of the Interior). Go to: Fossils. Plant groups represented in the park include lycopods, ferns, cycads, conifers, ginkgoes, bennettitaleans, and several forms that are currently unclassified. See also:
W.G. Parker and Sid Ash: Linnaean taxonomy of Late Triassic Plants of Petrified Forest National Park.

W.P. Armstrong, WAYNE´S WORD, (1999): Plants of Jurassic Park. Easy to understand article (modified from Pacific Horticulture 55: 42-48).

! A. Artabe et al. (2007): Las floras triásicas de la Argentina (PDF file, in Spanish). Asociación Paleontológica Argentina. Publicación Especial 11.

Analía E. Artabe et al. (2007): The Triassic paleoflora of Potrerillos, Mendoza Province, Argentina (in Spanish). English abstract, free PDF file also available. Ameghiniana, 44: 279-301.

Analía E. Artabe et al. (2007): La paleoflora triásica de Potrerillos, provincia de Mendoza, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 44.

B. Aschauer (2013): Die Lunzer-Sammlung des Stiftes Seitenstetten. Eine Lehrsammlung von Josef Haberfelner. PDF file, in German. Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 103.

S.R. Ash and S.T. Hasiotis (2013): New occurrences of the controversial Late Triassic plant fossil Sanmiguelia Brown and associated ichnofossils in the Chinle Formation of Arizona and Utah, USA. In PDF, N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh., 268: 65-82. Reconstructed Triassic landscape with Sanmiguelia on PDF page 7.

S. Ash (2010), Go to PDF page 59: Summary of the Upper Triassic flora of the Newspaper Rock Bed and its paleoclimatic implications. PDF file, SEPM-NSF Workshop "Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems", September 21-26, 2010, Petrified Forest National Park, AZ.

S.R. Ash (2001): The fossil ferns of Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, and their paleoclimatological implications. Proceedings of the 6th Fossil Resource Conference.
Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Sidney Ash (1989): A catalog of Upper Triassic plant megafossils of the western United States through 1988. A catalog (PDF file) of the Upper Triassic genera and species of plant megafossils that have been described from the western Unted States through 1988 is presented together with a list of the pertinent references.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

S.R. Ash (1974): Upper Triassic plants of Canon del Cobre, New Mexico. PDF file, New Mexico Geol. Soc. Guidebook, 25th Field Conf., Ghost Ranch (Central-Northern N.M.).

S.R. Ash (1972): Late Triassic plants from the Chinle Formation in northeastern Arizona. PDF file, Palaeontology.

Sidney Ash, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (Science Magazine): A Late Triassic Trove of Fossil Plants.

S.R. Ash and G.T. Creber (2000): The Late Triassic Araucarioxylon arizonicum trees of the Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, USA. In PDF.

Brian Axsmith (2007): A new species of the fern Cynepteris from the Late Triassic of Arizona: Implications for the early diversification of the Schizaeales. Abstract, Botany & Plant Biology 2007, Botanical Society of America, Chicago.

B.J. Axsmith and S.R. Ash (2006): Two rare fossil cones from the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation in Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, and New Mexico. In PDF, Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin, 62.

Brian J. Axsmith et al. (2001): A filmy fern from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina (USA). Abstract, American Journal of Botany, 288: 1558-1567. See also here.

Brian J. Axsmith, Edith L. Taylor, Thomas N. Taylor and N. Ruben Cuneo: New perspectives on the Mesozoic seed fern order Corystospermales based on attached organs from the Triassic of Antarctica. Abstract. American Journal of Botany. 2000; 87:757-768.

B.J. Axsmith et al. (1998): Anatomically preserved leaves of the conifer Notophytum krauselii (Podocarpaceae) from the Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, American Journal of Botany, 85: 704-713.

B.J. Axsmith et al. (1998): A New Fossil Conifer from the Triassic of North America: Implications for Models of Ovulate Cone Scale Evolution. PDF file, International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Brian J. Axsmith and Thomas N. Taylor (1997): The Triassic conifer seed cone Glyptolepis. PDF file.
Now recovered from the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

M.K. Bamford et al. (2016): Long overdue extinction of the Protopinaceae. Abstract.

G. Barale et al. (2005): A fossil peat deposit from the Late Triassic (Carnian) of Zimbabwe with preserved cuticle of Pteridospermopsida and Ginkgoales, and its geological setting G Barale. In PDF (slow download), Palaeont. afr., 41: 89-100.

G. Barale et al. (1995): Reappraisal of the Triassic flora from Williams Point, Livingston Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica) : systematical, biostratigraphical and paleogeographical implications. In PDF, Ser. Cient. INACH, 45: 09-38. See also here (abstract).

M. Barbacka et al. (2014): Triassic-Jurassic Flora of Poland; Floristical Support of Climatic Changes. In PDF, Acta Geologica Polonica, 64: 281-309.

R. Barboni and T.L. Dutra (2015): First record of Ginkgo-related fertile organs (Hamshawvia, Stachyopitys) and leaves (Baiera, Sphenobaiera) in the Triassic of Brazil, Santa Maria formation. In PDF, Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 63: 417-435.

R. Barboni and T.L. Dutra (2013): New "flower" and leaves of Bennettitales from Southern Brazil and their implication in the age of the Lower Mesozoic deposits. In PDF, Ameghiniana, 50: 14-32.

G. Barth et al. (2014): Late Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian) brackish to freshwater habitats at a fluvial-dominated delta plain (Seinstedt, Lower Saxony, Germany). In PDF, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 94. See also here.

K. Bauer et al. (2013): Fossil ginkgophyte seedlings from the Triassic of France resemble modern Ginkgo biloba. In PDF, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13.

Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, München: Fossil des Monats (in German). Go to Blattscheide eines Schachtelhalmgewächses.

! M.J. Benton and A.J. Newell (2014): Impacts of global warming on Permo-Triassic terrestrial ecosystems. In PDF, Gondwana Research.

J.A. Bergene (2012): Dordrechtites arcanus, an anatomically preserved gymnospermous reproductive structure from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, thesis, University of Kansas.

Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkely (UCMP): Triassic Period: Localities.

N. Bhowmik and N. Das (2008): A new species of Glandulataenia Pant from the Triassic of Nidpur, M.P., India. In PDF, The Palaeobotanist, 57: 379-388.

P. Blomenkemper et al. (2016): Cuticular analysis of conifers from the Keuper (Triassic) of Franconia, southern Germany. Abstract, starting on PDF page 220.
Abstracts, XIV International Palynological Congress, X International Organisation of Palaeobotany Conference, Salvador, Brazil.

P. Blomenkemper et al. (2016): Kutikularanalyse von Koniferen aus dem Keuper (Trias) Frankens. Abstract, starting on PDF page 37.
Abstracts, 87th Annual Conference of the Paläontologische Gesellschaft e. V., Dresden, September 11–15, 2016.

! Wilhelm Bock, The American Triassic Flora and Global Distribution (website provided by B. Cornet). Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. Some pages and images about Triassiflorites grandiflora and Primaraucaria wielandi; Geological Center Research Series. Volume 3 and 4, 1969.

! M. Boersma and L.M. Broekmeyer (1986): Index of Figured Plant Megafossils: Triassic 1976-1980. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 49: 235-344.

Miente Boersma and Johanna H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (1991): Late Triassic Plant Megafossils from Aghdarband (NE-Iran). PDF file, Abh. Geol. B.-A., 38: 223-252.
A version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2014): Diverse bryophyte mesofossils from the Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, see also here.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2014): Habit and Ecology of the Petriellales, an Unusual Group of Seed Plants from the Triassic of Gondwana. In PDF, International Journal of Plant Sciences.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2013): A reappraisal of Neocalamites and Schizoneura (fossil Equisetales) based on material from the Triassic of East Antarctica. See also here (abstract).

! B. Bomfleur et al. (2013): Whole-Plant Concept and Environment Reconstruction of a Telemachus Conifer (Voltziales) from the Triassic of Antarctica. See also here (abstract).

B. Bomfleur et al. (2012): Modified basal elements in Dicroidium fronds (Corystospermales). In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 170: 15-26.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2011): Fossil Sites in the Continental Victoria and Ferrar Groups (Triassic-Jurassic) of North Victoria Land, Antarctica. PDF file (72 MB!), Polarforschung, 80: 88-99.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2011): The possible pollen cone of the Late Triassic conifer Heidiphyllum/Telemachus (Voltziales) from Antarctica. Abstract.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2011): Systematics and paleoecology of a new peltaspermalean seed fern from the Triassic polar vegetation of Gondwana. In PDF, International Journal of Plant Sciences, 172: 807-835.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2011): Macrofossil evidence for pleuromeialean lycophytes from the Triassic of Antarctica. PDF file, Acta Palaeontol. Pol., 56: 195-203. See also here.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2010): Thalloid organisms and the fossil record - New perspectives from the Transantarctic Mountains. PDF file, Plant Signal Behav., 5: 293-295. See also here.

B. Bomfleur et al. (2007): Exceptionally well-preserved Triassic and Early Jurassic floras from North Victoria Land, Antarctica. PDF file, U.S. Geological Survey and The National Academies, Extended Abstract 034.

! Nina R. Bonis (2010), Laboratory of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Palaeoecology Institute of Environmental Biology, Department of Biology, Utrecht University: Palaeoenvironmental changes and vegetation history during the Triassic-Jurassic transition. PDF file (7.7 MB), LPP Contribution Series No. 29. Seven research reports (chapters) in this thesis, see especially chapter 7 (with W.M. Kürschner):
! Vegetation history, diversity patterns, and climate change across the Triassic-Jurassic boundary (PDF page 140).

Nina R. Bonis, Wolfram M. Kürschner and Leopold Krystyn (2007): Floral and paleoenvironmental changes during the end-Triassic: New data from European key sections. Abstract, Pdf file, from Lucas, S.G. and Spielmann, J.A., eds., 2007, The Global Triassic. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 41.

J.G. Bornemann (1856): Über organische Reste der Lettenkohlengruppe Thüringens: Ein Beitrag zur Fauna und Flora dieser Formation, besonders über fossile Cycadeen, nebst … (in German). Provided by Google books.

L.D. Boucher et al. (1995): Dicroidium compression floras from southern Victoria Land. PDF file, Antarctic Journal, 41.

Museum of Nature South Tyrol, Bozen/Bolzano: Fossil Flora at Kühwiesenkopf (Olang/Valdaoa).

David August Brauns (1866): Der Sandstein bei Seinstedt unweit des Fallsteins und die in ihm vorkommenden Pflanzenreste, nebst Bemerkungen über die Sandsteine gleichen Niveaus anderer Örtlichkeiten... Hosted by Hathi Trust Digital Library, a collaboration of universities of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation and the University of California system to establish a repository for their digitized collections.

Mariana Brea et al. (2009): Darwin forest at agua de la zorra: the first in situ forest discovered in South America by Darwin in 1835. PDF file, Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 64: 21-31. Fossil tree stumps in growth position. Fig. 5 shows the reconstruction of the Triassic Darwin Forest landscape in a high sinuosity fluvial system. The canopy is integrated by two arboreal strata and emergent trees with conifers and corystosperms, the understorey is formed by ferns. See also here forest at agua de la zorra: the first in situ forest discovered in South America by Darwin in 1835. (abstract).

M. Brea and A.A. Artabe (1999): Apocalamitaceae (Sphenophyta) triásicas de la Formación Paramillo, Agua de la Zorra, provincia de Mendoza Argentina. In Spanish, Ameghiniana, 36 (Google books).

The palaeofiles. Articles here have all been prepared by students on the palaeobiology programmes in Bristol:
! Purported Triassic angiosperms.
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Earth Sciences, University of Bristol: NEVER MIND THE DINOSAURS!-OTHER MESOZOIC LIFE. Go to: MESOZOIC PLANTS.

! M. Adolphe Brongniart (1837): Histoire des végétaux fossiles ou Recherches botaniques et géologiques sur les vêgétaux renfermés dans les diverses couches du globe. Atlas. (Facsimile edition W. Jungk 1915, Berlin). Including plant fossils from the Upper Triassic.
Provided by Europeana (Europeana is a thematic network funded by the European Commission).

Heinrich Georg Bronn (1858): Beiträge zur triasischen Fauna und Flora der bituminösen Schiefer von Raibl, nebst Anhang über die Kurr´sche Sippe Chiropteris aus dem Lettenkohlen-Sandsteine. Google books.

R.W. Brown (1956): Palmlike plants from the Dolores Formation (Triassic), southwestern Colorado. In PDF (Google books), United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, 274. See also there.

! H. Brunner and K.-P. Kelber (1988): Eisenerzkonkretionen im württembergisch-fränkischen Unterkeuper - Bemerkungen zum fossilen Environment. PDF file, in German. In: Hagdorn, H. (ed.): Neue Forschungen zur Erdgeschichte von Crailsheim. Sonderbände d. Ges. f. Naturk. in Württemberg, 1: 185-205.
Anatomical views of the Triassic horsetail Neocalamites merianii in pyrite/goethite preservation.

M. Buchwitz: Die Grabungsexpedition 2008 zur triassischen Fossillagerstätte Madygen (Kirgisistan, Mittelasien) - neue Ergebnisse zur Landwirbeltierfauna. PDF file (in German).

David Cantrill, Department of Palaeobotany, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Mesozoic history of Antarctic terrestrial vegetation, and Petrified peats of Antarctica (now both via wayback machine). Research projects.

CARTAGE (Central Array of Relayed Transaction for the Advance of General Education), Lebanon: CARTAGE is a knowledge database and a school network (obviously currently out of order). Mesozoic Plants, and Triassic Floras (now both via wayback machine).

C. Csaki and M. Urlichs (1985): Typen und Originale im Staatlichen Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart, Paläobotanik: Types and originals in the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde ... Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, in PDF (35MB!). See also here.

Bill Chaloner & Geoff Creber, Royal Holloway, University of London (website hosted by The International Organisation of Palaeobotany, IOP): Unexpected occurrences, An unexpected exposure: Pleuromeia.

C.J. Cleal & B.A. Thomas, Geological Conservation Review Series (GCR), Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC). The JNCC is the UK government's wildlife adviser, undertaking national and international conservation work on behalf of the three country nature conservation agencies English Nature, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Countryside Council for Wales. Go to: Introduction to the Mesozoic and Tertiary palaeobotany of Great Britain. PDF file.

C.J. Cleal & B.A. Thomas, D.J. Batten, and M.E. Collinson, Geological Conservation Review Series (GCR), Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC): Meozoic and Tertiary Palaeobotany of Great Britain (2001). GCR Volume No. 22.

C.E. Colombi and J.T. Parrish (2008): Late Triassic Environmental Evolution in Southwestern Pangea: Plant Taphonomy of the Ischigualasto Formation. In PDF, Palaios.

Bruce Cornet (1993): APPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF PALYNOLOGY IN AGE, CLIMATIC, AND PALEOENVIRONMENTAL ANALYZES OF TRIASSIC SEQUENCES IN NORTH AMERICA. Lucas, S.G. and M. Morales, eds., 1993. The Nonmarine Triassic. New Mexico Museum Of Natural History & Science Bulletin No.3, p. 75-93.

Bruce Cornet, Red Bank, NJ (Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY): DICOT -LIKE LEAF AND FLOWERS FROM THE LATE TRIASSIC TROPICAL NEWARK SUPERGROUP RIFT ZONE, U.S.A. Modern Geology, 1993, Vol. 19, pp. 81-99.

B. Cornet (1989): The reproductive morphology and biology of Sanmiguelia lewisii, and its bearing on angiosperm evolution in the Late Triassic. Evolutionary trends in Plants.

E.P. Coturel et al. (2016): Lycopodiopsids and equisetopsids from the Triassic of Quebrada de los Fósiles Formation, San Rafael Basin, Argentina. In PDF, Geobios. See also here (abstract).

Geoffrey T. Creber and Margaret E. Collinson (2006): Epicormic shoot traces in the secondary xylem of the Triassic and Permian fossil conifer species Woodworthia arizonica - Short communication. PDF file, IAWA Journal, 27: 237-241.

G.T. Creber & S.R. Ash (2004): The Late Triassic Schilderia adamanica and Woodworthia arizonica Trees of the Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, USA. Abstract, Palaeontology Volume 47: 21. See also here (in PDF).

A. Crisafulli et al. (2016): In-situ Late Triassic fossil conifer woods from the fluvial channel deposits of the Soturno River (Caturrita Formation, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil). In PDF, Gaea, Journal of Geoscience, 9: 37-46.

! N.R. Cúneo et al. (2010): Review of the Cycads and Bennettitaleans from the Mesozoic of Argentina. In PDF, see also here. PDF file, Book: Plants in Deep Mesozoic Time: Morphological Innovations, Phylogeny, Ecosystems (Ted Delevoryas dedication volume). Indiana University Press.

N.R. Cúneo et al. (2003): In situ fossil forest from the upper Fremouw Formation (Triassic) of Antarctica: paleoenvironmental setting and paleoclimate analysis. PDF file, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 197: 239-261.

Z. Czier (2014): Chemometric analysis of functional groups in fossil remains of the Dicroidium flora (Cacheuta, Mendoza, Argentina): Implications for kerogen formation. In PDF.

José Alejandro D´angelo (2006): Analysis by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of Johnstonia (Corystospermales, Corystospermaceae) cuticles and compressions from the Triassic of Cacheuta, Mendoza, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 43.

A.-L. Decombeix et al. (2014): New insights into the anatomy, development, and affinities of corystosperm trees from the Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, see also here.

A.-L. Decombeix et al. (2011): Root suckering in a Triassic conifer from Antarctica: Paleoecological and evolutionary implications. In PDF, American Journal of Botany, 98: 1222-1225. See also here (abstract).

A.L. Decombeix et al. (2010): Anatomy and affinities of permineralized gymnospermous trunks with preserved bark from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 163.

S. Deng et al. (2014): Pollen cones and associated leaves from the Lower Cretaceous of China and a re-evaluation of Mesozoic male cycad cones: In PDF, Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 12.

S.H. Deng and P. Shang (2000): A Brief Review of the Mesozoic Filicopsida in China. PDF file.

! William A. DiMichele et al. (2008): The so-called "Paleophytic–Mesophytic" transition in equatorial Pangea. Multiple biomes and vegetational tracking of climate change through geological time. PDF file, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 268: 152-163. See also here (abstract).

Desa Djordjevic-Milutinovic (2010): An overview of paleozoic and mesozoic sites with macroflora in Serbia. PDF file, Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, 3: 27-46.

I.A. Dobruskina et al. (2001): Upper Triassic flora from "Raibl Beds" of Julian Alps (Italy) and Karavanke Mts.(Slovenia). PDF file.

I.A. Dobruskina (1994): Triassic Floras of Eurasia. In PDF.

I.A. Dobruskina (1988): The history of land plants in the northern hemisphere during the Triassic with special reference to the floras of Eurasia. PDF file. See also here (abstract).

! A.B. Doweld (2013): Proposals to conserve the names Equisetites against Oncylogonatum with a conserved type and Equisetum columnare (Equisetites columnare) against Oncylogonatum carbonarium with a conserved type (fossil Equisetopsida). In PDF, Taxon, 62: 837-839.

! A.B. Doweld (2012): Proposals to conserve the name Scytophyllum Bornem. (fossil Pteridospermae, Peltaspermopsida) against Scytophyllum Eckl. & Zeyh. (Celastraceae) and the name S. bergeri with a conserved type. In PDF, Taxon, 61: 1128-1129.

Shuying Duan (2007): A comparison between the Upper Triassic floras of China and the Rhaeto-Liassic floras of Europe and East Greenland. Abstract, Lethaia, 20: 177-184.

R.F. Dubiel (1987): Sedimentology of the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation Southeastern Utah: Paleoclimatic Implications. In PDF, Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science.
See fig. 8: Horsetail pith casts, formed when the hollow trunks of the horsetails were broken off and filled with sediment during a flood event.

J. Dzik and T. Sulej (2007): A review of the early Late Triassic Krasiejów biota from Silesia, Poland. In PDF, Palaeontologia Polonica, 64: 3–27.
See fig. 12: Conifers from the basal layer of lacustrine horizon at Krasiejów, e.g. seed cone of Pachylepis quinquies, cone scales of Pseudohirmerella sp. etc.

! I.H. Escapa et al. (2011): Triassic floras of Antarctica: plant diversity and distribution in high paleolatitude communities In PDF, Palaios, 26: 522-544.

Ignacio H. Escapa et al. (2010): Evolution and relationships of the conifer seed cone Telemachus: Evidence from the Triassic of Antarctica. PDF file, Int. J. Plant Sci., 171: 560-573. See fig. 6: Hypothetical reconstructions of Telemachus elongatus and Telemachus antarcticus ovulate cones.

L.E. Fiorelli et al. (2013): The oldest known communal latrines provide evidence of gregarism in Triassic megaherbivores. Sci Rep., 3.

Fowell, S. J., Cornet, B., and Olsen, P. E., 1994, Geologically rapid Late Triassic extinctions: Palynological evidence from the Newark Supergroup. In: Klein, G. D., ed., Pangea: Paleoclimate, Tectonics, and Sedimentation During Accretion, Zenith, and Breakup of a Supercontinent: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 288.

N.C. Fraser and H.-D. Sues (2012): The beginning of the "Age of Dinosaurs": a brief overview of terrestrial biotic changes during the Triassic. Abstract, Earth and Environmental Science, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 101.

N.C. Fraser et al. (1996): A Triassic lagerstätte from eastern North America. PDF file, Nature.

J. Georg Friebe: Schachtelhalme (Equisetaceae) aus der Kössen-Formation (Rhaetium) der Nördlichen Kalkalpen Vorarlbergs. PDF file, Vorarlberger Naturschau, Dornbirn (in German).

! Robert A. Gastaldo, Department of Geology, Colby College, Waterville, Maine: Navigate via: Notes for a Course in Paleobotany. Go to: Plant Associations of the Mesophytic. Lecture Notes. See also: Gymnosperms in the Mesophytic.

Carole T. Gee (ed.): Plants in Mesozoic Time: Morphological Innovations, Phylogeny, Ecosystems. Table of contents and preface. Provided by Google books. See also here (Amazon).

! Geobiology.cn: Albertiana (PDF files). Scans of the rare early volumes of Albertiana. Excellent!

GeoDolomiti: Selected papers of the Triassic of Europe. A selected list of papers and books on Middle Triassic plants of Europe.
Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Anna Goodwin, Jon Wyles and Alex Morley, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol: The palaeofiles, The end-Permian mass extinction. Go to: What life was present, Vascular plants.

R. Gorelick and K. Olson (2011): Is lack of cycad (Cycadales) diversity a result of a lack of polyploidy? Abstract, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 165: 156-167.

L. Grauvogel-Stamm & B. Lugardon, (2001): The Triassic Lycopsids Pleuromeia and Annalepis: Relationships, Evolution, and Origin. PDF file, American Fern Journal, 91: 115-149. See also here (abstract).

L. Grauvogel-Stamm and S. Ash (1999): "Lycostrobus" chinleana, an equisetalean cone from the Upper Triassic of the southwestern United States and its phylogenetic implications. PDF file, American Journal of Botany, 86: 1391-1405.

L. Grauvogel-Stamm, EOST-Geologie, University of Strasbourg; and B. Lugardon, Lab. Biologie Vegetale, Univ. Toulouse, France: The Triassic Lycopsids. Abstract (via wayback machine). XVI International Botanical Congress, 1-7 August 1999; Saint Louis, Missouri.

L. Grauvogel-Stamm & K.-P. Kelber (1996): Plant-insect interactions and coevolution during the Triassic in Western Europe.- PDF file, 30 MB! Paleontologica Lombardia, N. S. 5: 5-23, 31 fig.; Milano. Abstract available here.

Margot Guerra-Sommer and Miriam Cazzulo-Klepzig (2000): The Triassic taphopflora from Parana Basin, Southern Brazil: an overview. PDF file, Revista Brasileira de Geociências, 30: 481-485.

E.L. Gulbranson et al. (2012): Permian polar forests: deciduousness and environmental variation. In PDF, Geobiology, 10: 479-495.

H. Hagdorn et al. (2015): 15. Fossile Lebensgemeinschaften im Lettenkeuper. - p. 359-385, PDF file, in German.
! Charcoal from the germanotype Lettenkohle (Ladinian). See especially "Wildfeuer im Ökosystem des Lettenkeupers" on PDF page 5.
In: Hagdorn, H., Schoch, R. & Schweigert, G. (eds.): Der Lettenkeuper - Ein Fenster in die Zeit vor den Dinosauriern. Palaeodiversity, Special Issue (Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart).
! Navigate from here for other downloads (back issues of Palaeodiversity 2015, scroll down to "Special Issue: Der Lettenkeuper ...").

D.W. Haig et al. (2015): Early Triassic (early Olenekian) life in the interior of East Gondwana: mixed marine–terrestrial biota from the Kockatea Shale, Western Australia. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 417: 511-533.

T.M. Harris (1935): The Fossil Flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland. Part 4. Provided by Google books.

! Oswald Heer (1865): Die Urwelt der Schweiz (in German). Provided by Google books. PDF download available.

Rafael Herbst et al. (2005): Las tafofloras triásicas de la región de los Lagos, Xma Región, Chile (in Spanish). Ameghiniana, 42: 377-394.

P.S. Herendeen (2015): Report of the Nomenclature Committee on Fossils: 9. Taxon 64: 1306-1312.
About Bucklandia, Nilssonia, Equisetites, Equisetum columnare (Equisetites columnare), Carpolithus, Calamites, Scytophyllum, Cheirolepidaceae, etc.

! Patrick S. Herendeen:
Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Fossil Plants: 8. PDF file, Taxon, Volume 60, Number 3, June 2011 , pp. 921-923. See also here.
Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Fossil Plants: 7. PDF file, Taxon, Volume 60, Number 3, June 2011 , pp. 902-905. See also here.
"The following (...) generic names are recommended for conservation: Danaeopsis Heer ex Schimp. against Marantoidea and Danaeopsis C. Presl, Pterophyllum with a conserved type, and Schizoneura against Convallarites. The following (...) species names are also recommended for conservation: Schizoneura paradoxa against Convallarites erecta, and Taeniopteris marantacea with a conserved type".

Elizabeth J. Hermsen et al. (2009): Morphology and ecology of the Antarcticycas plant. PDF file, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 153: 108-123. Antarcticycas plant reconstruction on page 112.

E.J. Hermsen et al. (2007): A voltzialean pollen cone from the Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 144: 113-122.

E.J. Hermsen et al. (2007): An unusual structure (ovule?) from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. Abstract, Botany & Plant Biology 2007, Botanical Society of America, Chicago.

E.J. Hermsen et al. (2006): Cataphylls of the Middle Triassic cycad Antarcticycas schopfii and new insights into cycad evolution. PDF file, American Journal of Botany, 93: 724-738. See also here.

W.B.K. Holmes and H.M. Anderson (2013): A synthesis of the rich Gondwana Triassic megafossil flora from Nymboida, Australia. PDF file; In Tanner, L.H., Spielmann, J.A. and Lucas, S.G. (eds.): The Triassic System. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin, 61: 296-305.

W.B.K. Holmes (2001): Equisetalean Plant Remains from the Early to Middle Triassic of New South Wales, Australia. In PDF, Australian Museum, 53: 9-20. See also here.

Norman F. Hughes (1982): Palaeobiology of Angiosperm Origins: Problems of Mesozoic Seed-Plant Evolution. Provided by Google books.

! Georg Friedrich Jäger (1827): Über die Pflanzenversteinerungen welche in dem Bausandstein von Stuttgart vorkommen. PDF file, in German. See also here (Google books).

R.K. Jain and T. Delevoryas (1967): A middle Triassic flora from the Cacheuta Formation, Minas de Petroleo, Argentina. In PDF, Palaeontology, 10.

Yu Jianxin (2008): Floras and the evolutionary dynamics across the Permian-Triassic boundary nearby the border of Guizhou and Yunnan, South China. Abstract (PDF file).

E. Karasev (2015): On Small Pinnate Leaves of Peltasperm Pteridosperms from the Early Triassic of the Kuznetsk Basin (Mal´tsevo Formation, Babii Kamen Locality). In PDF, Botanica Pacifica, 4.

E.V. Karasev (2009): A New Genus Navipelta (Peltaspermales, Pteridospermae) from the Permian/Triassic Boundary Deposits of the Moscow Syneclise. PDF file, Paleontological Journal, 43: 1262-1271.

T. Katagiri and A. Hagborg (2015): Validation of ordinal and family names for a Triassic fossil liverwort, Naiadita. (Naiaditaceae, Marchantiopsida). In PDF, Phytotaxa, 222: 165-166.

B.P. Kear et al. (2016): An introduction to the Mesozoic biotas of Scandinavia and its Arctic territories. In PDF.

K.-P. Kelber (2015): 5. Die Makroflora des Lettenkeupers . - p. 51-100, PDF file, in German.
In: Hagdorn, H., Schoch, R. & Schweigert, G. (eds.): Der Lettenkeuper - Ein Fenster in die Zeit vor den Dinosauriern. Palaeodiversity, Special Issue (Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart).
! Navigate from here for other downloads (back issues of Palaeodiversity 2015, scroll down to "Special Issue: Der Lettenkeuper ...").

K.-P. Kelber and R. Schoch (2015): 18. Lebensbilder des Lettenkeupers im Wandel der Zeiten. PDF file, in German.
In: Hagdorn, H., Schoch, R. & Schweigert, G. (eds.): Der Lettenkeuper - Ein Fenster in die Zeit vor den Dinosauriern. Palaeodiversity, Special Issue (Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart).
! Navigate from here for other downloads (back issues of Palaeodiversity 2015, scroll down to "Special Issue: Der Lettenkeuper ...").

! K.-P. Kelber (2009): Lebensbilder der Unterkeuperzeit im Spiegel der paläontologischen Forschung. PDF file (8.5 MB), in German. Veröffentlichungen Naturhistorisches Museum Schleusingen, 24: 27-52. Life pictures from the Lower Keuper in the mirror of palaeontological research. A selection of Lower Keuper swamp reconstructions from the germanotype Triassic (Ladinian, Triassic).

! K.-P. Kelber, Würzburg (2007): Die Erhaltung und paläobiologische Bedeutung der fossilen Hölzer aus dem süddeutschen Keuper (Trias, Ladinium bis Rhätium).- In German. PDF file, but 33 MB! pp. 37-100; In: Schüßler, H. & Simon, T. (eds.): Aus Holz wird Stein - Kieselhölzer aus dem Keuper Frankens.- (Eppe), Bergatreute-Aulendorf.

K.-P. Kelber (2005): Beyond the Permian-Triassic extinction events: The highly diverse Lower Keuper flora (Ladinian, Triassic) of southern Germany.- Workshop on Permian - Triassic Paleobotany and Palynology, June 16-18, 2005; Natural Science Museum of South Tyrol, Bolzano, Italy.

! K.-P. Kelber & E. Nitsch (2005): Paläoflora und Ablagerungsräume im unterfränkischen Keuper (Exkursion H am 1. April 2005).- PDF file (20 MB), in German. Jber. Mitt. oberrhein. geol. Ver., N.F., 87: 217-253; Stuttgart.

Klaus-Peter Kelber (2005): Beyond the Permian-Triassic extinction events: The highly diverse Lower Keuper flora (Ladinian, Triassic) of southern Germany. Abstract, Workshop on Permian - Triassic Paleobotany and Palynology, June 16-18, 2005; Natural Science Museum of South Tyrol, Bolzano, Italy.

! K.-P. Kelber (2005): Makroflora (Die Keuperfloren). PDF file (12 MB), in German. In: Beutler, G., Hauschke, N., Nitsch, E. and Vath, U. (eds.): Deutsche Stratigraphische Kommission, Stratigraphie von Deutschland IV - Keuper. Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 253: 32-41.

Klaus-Peter Kelber (2004), Institute of Mineralogy, University of Würzburg: Die Makrofloren des süddeutschen Unteren Keupers (Ladinum, Trias): Neue Einsichten, Potenziale und Perspektiven.- Abstract APP, May 20-22, 2004, Munich (in German).

K.-P. Kelber (1998): Phytostratigraphische Aspekte der Makrofloren des süddeutschen Keupers. In German, PDF file. Documenta naturae, 117: 89-115. See also here (abstract).

Klaus-Peter Kelber (1998), Institute of Mineralogy, University of Würzburg: Makrofloren aus dem süddeutschen Keuper: Eine Übersicht. PDF file, in German. Abstract, 68. Jahrestagung der Paläontologischen Gesellschaft in Berlin vom 6.10.-9.10.1998 (Geo-Berlin 98); Terra Nostra, 98/3: V 163; Cologne.

! K.-P. Kelber & J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (1998): Equisetites arenaceus from the Upper Triassic of Germany with evidence for reproductive strategies. Abstract, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 100: 1-26. Paper awarded with the Remy and Remy Award 1999, Botanical Society of America.

K.-P. Kelber (1992): Der dreidimensionale Bau der Blattspitzen bei Equisetites arenaceus (Equisetopsida, Equisetales) aus dem Unteren Keuper (Trias, Ladin). PDF file, in German. In: Kovar-Eder, J. (ed.): Palaeovegetational development in Europe.- Proc. Pan-European Palaeobot. Conf. Vienna (PEPC 1991), pp. 289-299.

K.-P. Kelber (1988): Was ist Equisetites foveolatus? PDF file (in German), In: Hagdorn, H. (ed.): Neue Forschungen zur Erdgeschichte von Crailsheim. Sonderbände d. Ges. f. Naturk. in Württemberg, 1: 166-184.

K.-P. Kelber (1983): Schizoneura paradoxa Schimp. & Moug. aus dem Unteren Keuper Frankens. In PDF (32 MB), Naturw.-Jb. Schweinfurt, 1: 19-33.

Hans Kerp et al. (2006): Typical Triassic Gondwanan floral elements in the Upper Permian of the paleotropics. Geology, 34: 265-268. See also here (in PDF).

H. Kerp (1991): Is There Anything More to Say About Keuper and Buntsandstein Floras?. In PDF, Albertiana. A review of: Mader, D. (1990) Palaeoecology of the Flora in Buntsandstein and Keuper in the Triassic of Middle Europe (Fischer, Stuttgart).

K. Kim et al. (2005): Coniferous Fossil Woods from the Jogyeri Formation (Upper Triassic) of the Nampo Group, Korea. PDF file, IAWA Journal, 26: 253-265.

Jongheon Kim (2001): New fossil plants from the Nampo Group (Lower Mesozoic), Korea. In PDF, Geosciences Journal, 5: 173-180.

A.I. Kirichkova and N.K. Kulikova (2005): The Problem of Correlation between Triassic Continental Sequences of Southern Germany, the Timan-Pechora Region, and Eastern Urals. Abstract.

S.D. Klavins et al. (2005): Coprolites in a Middle Triassic cycad pollen cone: evidence for insect pollination in early cycads? PDF file, Evolutionary Ecology Research, 7: 479-488.

S.D. Klavins et al. (2003): Gymnosperms from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica: the first structurally preserved cycad pollen cone. In PDF, Int. J. Plant Sci., 164: 1007-1020.

Sharon D. Klavins et al. (2002): Anatomy of Umkomasia (Corystospermales) from the Triassic of Antarctica. American Journal of Botany, 89: 664-676. See also here. Abstract, Botany 2001, August 12 - 16, 2001; Albuquerque, New Mexico.

SHARON D. KLAVINS et al.: MATONIACEOUS FERNS (GLEICHENIALES) FROM THE MIDDLE TRIASSIC OF ANTARCTICA. Abstract, Journal of Paleontology, 2004; v. 78; no. 1; p. 211-217.

E. Kon´no (1961): Some Cycadocarpidium and Podozamites from the Upper Triassic Formations in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. PDF file.

! M. Kosnik and Allister Rees et al., University of Chicago: Paleogeographic Atlas Project Databases (PGAP). The older database version is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Valentin A. Krassilov (1987): Palaeobotany of the mesophyticum: state of the art. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 50: 231-254. Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

M. Krings et al. (2012): Fossil fungi with suggested affinities to the Endogonaceae from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, Mycologia, 104: 835-844. See also here.

! M. Krings, LMU München: Die obertriassische Flora von Lunz (Niederösterreich) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Samenpflanzen: Systematik, Paläobiologie und Paläoökologie. Scientific project report (in German).

M. Kumar et al. (2011): Charcoalified plant remains from the Lashly Formation of Allan Hills, Antarctica: Evidence of forest fire during the Triassic Period. In PDF, Episodes, 34. See also here and there (in PDF).

E. Kustatscher et al. (2014): The ferns of the late Ladinian, Middle Triassic flora from Monte Agnello, Dolomites, Italy. In PDF, Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59: 741-755.

! E. Kustatscher and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2013): Seed ferns from the European Triassic - an overview. In PDF, In: Tanner, L.H., Spielmann, J.A. and Lucas, S.G., (eds.): The Triassic System. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 61.
See also http://paleo.cortland.edu/globaltriassic2/.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2012): A new Middle Triassic (Pelsonian) plant locality in the Non Valley (Trentino, Northern Italy). In PDF, Geo.Alp, 9: 60-73.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2012): Danaeopsis Heer ex Schimper 1869 and its European Triassic species. Abstract, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 183: 32-49.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2012): Taphonomical implications of the Ladinian megaflora and palynoflora of Thale (Germany). Abstract, Palaios.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2011): Plant fossils in the Cassian beds and other Carnian formations of the Southern Alps (Italy). Geo.Alp, 8: 146-155.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2011): Scytophyllum waehneri (Stur) nov. comb., the correct name for Scytophyllum persicum (Schenk) Kilpper, 1975. In PDF, Zitteliana, A 51.

! E. Kustatscher & J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2011): The ferns of the Middle Triassic flora from Thale (Germany). In PDF, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 261: 209-248. See also here (abstract).

! Evelyn Kustatscher, Museum of Nature, South Tyrol, Bozen: Fossil Plants of the Dolomites. A brief history of palaeobotanic studies in the Dolomites area (with bibliographic references).
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

E. Kustatscher and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2010): Seed ferns and Cycadophytes from the Triassic Flora of Thale. In PDF, N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2010): Lycophytes from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) locality Kühwiesenkopf (Monte Prà della Vacca) in the Dolomites (northern Italy). In PDF, Palaeontology, 53: 595-626.

Evelyn Kustatscher, Museum of Nature, South Tyrol, Bozen:
! Selected papers of the Triassic of Europe. A selected list of papers and books mainly on Middle and Upper Triassic plants of Europe.
! A brief history of palaeobotanic studies in the Dolomites area (with bibliographic references).
A catalogue of Middle Triassic fossil plants.
Websites outdated, download versions archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Evelyn Kustatscher et al. (2009): Macrofloras and palynomorphs as possible proxies for palaeoclimatic and palaeoecological studies: A case study from the Pelsonian (Middle Triassic) of Kühwiesenkopf/Monte Prà della Vacca (Olang Dolomites, N-Italy). Abstract.

E. Kustatscher and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2008): Neocalamites asperrimus (Franke) Shen 1990, a morphospecies for Triassic sphenophyte "cortical structures"? Abstract, 18th Plant Taphonomy Meeting, Vienna, Austria.
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Kustatscher, E., van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, J.H.A. & Gianolla, P. (2006): The Kühwiesenkopf/Monte Pra della Vacca (Prags/Braies Dolomites, Northern Italy): An attempt to reconstruct an Anisian (lower Middle Triassic) palaeoenvironment. PDF file, 9th International Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biota, 27-29.05.06, Manchester, Abstract and Proceedings Volume, p. 63-66, 164.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2006): Old treasures newly discovered: Scytophyllum bergeri from the Ladinian of the Dolomites in the historical collections of the Geologische Bundesanstalt Wien. In PDF.

Kustatscher, E., Wachtler, M. & van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, J.H.A., (2007): Horsetails and seedferns from the Anisian locality Kühwiesenkopf (Dolomites, Northern Italy). PDF file, Palaeontology 50 (5): 1277-1298.

E. Kustatscher and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2005): The Ladinian Flora (Middle Triassic) of the Dolomites: palaeoenvironmental reconstructions and palaeoclimatic considerations. PDF file.

E. Kustatscher and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2004): The Flora of Kühwiesenkopf / Monte Prà della Vacca (Dolomites, N-Italy): An attempt to reconstruct an Anisian (middle Triassic) palaeoenvironment, and The Ladinian Flora (Middle Triassic) of the Dolomites: Palaeoenvironmental and Palaeoclimatic Considerations. Abstracts, The 15th Plant Taphonomy Meeting, Naturalis, National Museum of Natural History, Leiden, The Netherlands, 12-13th November 2004.
Versions archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Evelyn Kustatscher, Michael Wachtler & Johanna H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert: A number of additional and revised taxa from the Ladinian flora of the Dolomites, northern Italy. Abstract, Geo. Alp, 1, 2004, p. 57-69. See also here (PDF file).

Evelyn Kustatscher, Johanna van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, Carmen Broglio Loriga and R. Posenato: The Anisian macroflora from Kühwiesenkopf/Monte Prà della Vacca in the Northern Dolomites (Italy). Abstract, The International Plant Taphonomy Meeting 2002, Bonn, Goldfuss Museum, Institute of Paleontology, Germany.

Conrad C. Labandeira (2010): The Pollination of Mid Mesozoic Seed Plants and the Early History of Long-proboscid Insects. PDF file, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 97: 469-513. See also here.

W.S. Lacey and R.C. Lucas (1981): The Triassic flora of Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. PDF file, British Antarctic Survey Bulletin.
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

M.B. Lara et al. (2017): Palaeoenvironmental interpretation of an Upper Triassic deposit in southwestern Gondwana (Argentina) based on an insect fauna, plant assemblage, and their interactions. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 476: 163–180. See also here.

A. Launis et al. (2014): A glimpse into the Carnian: Late Triassic plant fossils from Hopen, Svalbard. In PDF, Norwegian Petroleum Directorate Bulletin.

A. Launis and C. Pott: New plant fossils from the Upper Triassic of Hopen, Svalbard. Poster, in PDF.

James C. Lendemer, Botany Department, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia: Rediscovery of "lost" Triassic fossil plant types: Components of the Wilhelm Bock Collection in The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia and in the Yale Peabody Museum. PDF file, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES OF PHILADELPHIA 152: 205-214. Images of Ginkgoites milfordensis, Elatocladus wanneri, Primaraucaria wielandi.

Leon (?), Australia: Fossils from South East Queensland, Australia. Images of Cladophlebis australis, Czekanowskia tenuifolia, Dicroidium odontopteroides, Dicroidium superbum, Dictyophylum davidi, Ginkgo antarcticus, Ginkgo digitata, Lepidopteris stormbergensis, Linguifolium denmeadi, Neocalamites carrerei, Neocalamites hoerensis, Phoenicopsis elongatus, Pterophyllum multilineatum, Schizoneura, Taeniopteris crassinervis, Thinnfeldia talbragarensis, Xylopteris elongata.

Marcelo Leppe et al. (2006): Paleobotánica del Triásico Superior del valle del río Biobío, Chile: Clase Filicopsida. Revista Geológica de Chile, 33: 81-107. See also here (PDF file).

! F. Leuthardt (1903): Die Keuperflora von Neuewelt bei Basel, 1. Phanerogamen. Abhandl. Schweiz. Paläontol. Ges., 30: 1-23. Websites hosted by Scribd, one of the largest social publishing and reading site in the world. See also here. (Internet Archive).
! F. Leuthardt (1904): Die Keuperflora von Neuewelt bei Basel, 2. Kryptogamen. Abhandl. Schweiz. Paläontol. Ges., 31: 25-46. Websites hosted by Scribd, one of the largest social publishing and reading site in the world. See also here (Internet Archive).

Ronald J. Litwin and Sidney R. Ash (1991): First early Mesozoic amber in the Western Hemisphere. Abstract, Geology, 19: 273-276.

! S.G. Lucas (2013): Plant Megafossil Biostratigraphy and Biochronology, Upper Triassic Chinle Group, Western USA. In PDF, In: Tanner, L.H., Spielmann, J.A. and Lucas, S.G. (eds.): The Triassic System. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 61.

Spencer G. Lucas, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Albuquerque, NM: Upper Triassic megafossil plant biostratigraphy, Chinle Group, western United States. Botanical Society of America: Botany 2001. August 12 - 16, 2001; Albuquerque, New Mexico.

S.G. Lucas (1980): Upper Triassic Chinle Group, western United States: a nonmarine standard for late Triassic time. PDF file. In. Dilcher, D. and Taylor. T, eds., Biostratigraphy of fossil plants: ... See also here (Google books).

F.-J. Ma et al. (2016): A new plant assemblage from the Middle Triassic volcanic tuffs of Pingchuan, Gansu, northwestern China and its paleoenvironmental significance. In PDF, PalZ, 90: 349–376. See also here.

Adriana C. Mancuso et al. (2007): The Triassic insect fauna from the Los Rastros Formation (Bermejo Basin), La Rioja Province (Argentina): its context, taphonomy and paleobiology. Paleobiological reconstruction in fig. 6.

Luke Mander et al. (2010): An explanation for conflicting records of Triassic-Jurassic plant diversity. In PDF, PNAS, 107: 15351-15356. See also here.

C. Martín-Closas et al. (2009): Triassic charophytes from Slovenia: palaeogeographic implications. Abstract, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 252.

Leszek Marynowski et al. (2008): Systematic relationships of the Mesozoic wood genus Xenoxylon: an integrative biomolecular and palaeobotanical approach. PDF file, N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh., 247: 177-189.

J.C. McElwain et al. (2009): Fossil plant relative abundances indicate sudden loss of late Triassic biodiversity in East Greenland. PDF file, Science, 324: 1554-1556. See also here (abstract).

! Jennifer C. McElwain and Surangi W. Punyasena (2007): Mass extinction events and the plant fossil record. PDF file, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22: 548-557. See also here (abstract).

McGowan, Alistair J., Ziegler, Alfred M.: PATTERNS OF GLOBAL PLANT DIVERSITY, GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE IN THE PERMIAN AND TRIASSIC.- Abstract, Summit 2000, Reno, Nevada; The Geological Society of America (GSA).

S. McLoughlin and C. Strullu-Derrien (2015): Biota and palaeoenvironment of a high middle-latitude Late Triassic peat-forming ecosystem from Hopen, Svalbard archipelago. In PDF.

McManus, Hilary A., Edith L. Taylor, Thomas N. Taylor, and James W. Collinson: PETRIFIED GLOSSOPTERIS FROM COLLINSON RIDGE, SHACKLETON GLACIER AREA, ANTARCTICA. Abstract, XVI International Botanical Congress.

B. Meyer-Berthaud et al. (1993): Petrified Stems Bearing Dicroidium Leaves from the Triassic of Antarctica. In PDF, Palaeontology, 36.

Brigitte Meyer-Berthaud & Thomas N. Taylor (1992). Permineralized Conifer Axes from the Triassic of Antarctica. PDF file.

John M. Miller, University of California, Berkeley: gigantopteroid.org.

P. Moisan and S. Voigt (2013): Lycopsids from the Madygen Lagerstätte (Middle to Late Triassic, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia). In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 192: 42-64.

P. Moisan et al. (2012): Lycopsid-arthropod associations and odonatopteran oviposition on Triassic herbaceous Isoetites. In PDF, Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology.

M. Muir and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (1970): A Rhaeto-Liassic flora from Airel, Northern France. In PDF.

M. Morales (1987): Terrestrial fauna and flora from the Triassic Moenkopi Formation of the southwestern United States. In PDF, Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science.

National Herbarium Pretoria (PRE), South Africa: Collections at the National Herbarium, Pretoria (PRE). Scroll down to: "Palaeobotany Herbarium". This houses a superb collection of fossil plants from over 100 localities in southern Africa. The main emphasis is on the Late Triassic Molteno Flora (200 million years ago).

S.V. Naugolnykh and A.P. Pronin (2015): A New Matoniaceous Fern from the Upper Triassic of the Caspian Depression in the Context of Florogenetic Processes of Transition from the Paleozoic to Mesozoic. In PDF, Paleontological Journal.

S.V. Naugolnykh (2013): The heterosporous lycopodiophyte Pleuromeia rossica Neuburg, 1960 from the Lower Triassic of the Volga River basin (Russia): organography and reconstruction according to the "Whole-Plant" concept. In PDF, Wulfenia, 20: 1-16.

! S.V. Naugolnykh (2012): Vetlugospermum and Vetlugospermaceae: A new genus and family of peltasperms from the Lower Triassic of Moscow syneclise (Russia). In PDF, Geobios, 45: 451-462.
Embedment of plant remains in block-diagram reconstructions!

! S.V. Naugolnykh (2012): Sporophyll morphology and reconstruction of the heterosporous lycopod Tomiostrobus radiatus Neuburg emend. from the Lower Triassic of Siberia (Russia). In PDF, The Palaeobotanist, 61: 387-405.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde 1860. By Karl Cäsar von Leonhard, Heinrich Georg Bronn (E. Schweizerbart's Verlagshandlung), digitized by Google Book Search. Go to: K. Fr. W Braun: Über das Bayreuther versteinte Holz.

Sven Nielsen, Geologisch Paläontologisches Institut und Museum, Universität Hamburg, Germany: The Triassic Santa Juana Formation, Chile. Abstract.

C. Oh et al. (2014): Xenoxylon synecology and palaeoclimatic implications for the Mesozoic of Eurasia. In PDF, Acta Palaeontologica Polonica.

A.A. Óladóttir, Iceland GeoSurvey, Reykjavik, Iceland: An Introduction to the Mesozoic Palaeobotany. In PDF.

W.R.B. Oliver (1950): The Fossil Flora of New Zealand. Tuatara, 3.

P.E. Olsen et al. (2003): Causes and consequences of the Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction as seen from the Hartford basin. PDF file, in: Brady, J. B. and Cheney, J.T. (eds.) Guidebook for Field Trips in the Five College Region, 95th New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference, Department of Geology, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, p. B5-1--B5-41.

Eduardo G. Ottone (2006): Triassic plants from the Rincón Blanco Group, San Juan Province, Argentina (in Spanish). Ameghiniana, 43: 477-486. The middle to upper Triassic flora of San Juan province.

G. Pacyna et al. (2017): A new conifer from the Upper Triassic of Southern Poland linking the advanced voltzialean type of ovuliferous scale with Brachyphyllum/Pagiophyllum-like leaves. Abstract, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 245: 28-54. See also here (in PDF).

G. Pacyna (2014): Plant remains from the Polish Triassic. Present knowledge and future prospects. Acta Palaeobotanica, 54. See also here (in PDF).

Pal, A.K.; Chaudhuri, P.N.; Bose, S.; Ghosh, R.N.: A Middle Triassic age for the Kamthi (Hingir) Formation of the Lower Gondwana Ib-Hingir basin, Orissa, India: New Palaeobotanical Evidence. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, Volume 27, Number 1/2. p. 33-39.

Paläontologische Museum Nierstein: Image of Dioonitocarpidium pennaeforme (website in German).

Bill Parker, Arizona: Chinleana. Discussion of Late Triassic paleontology and other assorted topics. Go to:
Discovery of an Entire Fossil Cycad from the Late Triassic of China (September 07, 2009).

! G.A. Pattemore (2016): Megaflora of the Australian Triassic–Jurassic: a taxonomic revision. Acta Palaeobotanica, 56: 121–182. See also here (in PDF).

G.A. Pattemore (2016): The structure of umkomasiacean fructifications from the Triassic of Queensland. Acta Palaeobotanica, 56: 17–40. See also here.

G.A. Pattemore et al. (2015): Triassic-Jurassic pteridosperms of Australasia: speciation, diversity and decline. In PDF, Boletín Geológico y Minero, 126: 689-722.

G.A. Pattemore et al. (2015): The Mesozoic megafossil genus Linguifolium Arber 1917. In PDF, Acta Palaeobotanica, 55: 123-147.

H.I. Petersen et al. (2013): Deposition, floral composition and sequence stratigraphy of uppermost Triassic (Rhaetian) coastal coals, southern Sweden. In PDF, International Journal of Coal Geology, 116–117: 117–134. See also here (abstract).

Petralga. The PETRALGA (PErmian & TRiassic ALGAe) Project was initiated in order to provide useful palaeontological tools for both Scientific Institutions and Industry.

F.M. Petti et al. (2013): Diversity of continental tetrapods and plants in the Triassic of the Southern Alps: ichnological, paleozoological and paleobotanical evidence. PDF file, in: Tanner, L.H., Spielmann, J.A. and Lucas, S.G. (eds.): The Triassic System. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 61.

! M. Philippe et al. (2015): News from an old wood - Agathoxylon keuperianum (Unger) nov. comb. in the Keuper of Poland and France. Abstract, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 221: 83–91. See also here (in PDF).

C.J. Phipps et al. (1998): Osmunda (Osmundaceae) from the Triassic of Antarctica: an example of evolutionary stasis. PDF file, American Journal of Botany, 85: 888-895.

Kathleen B. Pigg, Department of Plant Biology, Arizona State University, Tempe: Triassic Floras-and Glossopterid History. A bibliography.

Etiene F. Pires & Margot Guerra-Sommer (Departamento de Paleontologia e Estratigrafia, Instituto de Geociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil): Sommerxylon spiralosus from Upper Triassic in southernmost Paraná Basin (Brazil): a new taxon with taxacean affinity. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. vol.76 no.3 Rio de Janeiro; 2004. Download this article (PDF file).

Poinar, G. O. Jr., Waggoner, B. M., and Bauer, U.-C. 1993: Earliest terrestrial protists and other microorganisms in Triassic amber. Science 259(5092): 222-224.

Mihai Emilian Popa, Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Faculty of Geology and Geophysics, University of Bucharest: Triassic-Jurassic flora of Jameson Land (NE Greenland). Photographs of Lepidopteris ottonis, Ptilozamites nilssonii, Stachyotaxus septentrionalis.

C. Pott et al. (2017): Lunzia austriaca – a bennettitalean microsporangiate structure with Cycadopites-like in situ pollen from the Carnian (Upper Triassic) of Lunz, Austria. Abstract, Grana, 56. See also here (in PDF).
Depicted in fig. 8: Restoration of the cup-shaped Lunzia microsporangiate organ as interpreted from the fossils.

C. Pott et al. (2016): New Ginkgophytes from the Upper Triassic–Lower Cretaceous of Spitsbergen and Edgeøya (Svalbard, Arctic Norway): The History of Ginkgoales on Svalbard. In PDF, Int. J. Plant Sci., 177: 175–197.

C. Pott et al. (2016): Bennettitales in the Rhaetian flora of Wüstenwelsberg, Bavaria, Germany. Abstract, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 232: 98–118. See also here (in PDF).

C. Pott (2016): Westersheimia pramelreuthensis from the Carnian (Upper Triassic) of Lunz, Austria: More Evidence for a Unitegmic Seed Coat in Early Bennettitales. Abstract, International Journal of Plant Sciences.

C. Pott and B.J. Axsmith (2015): Williamsonia carolinensis sp. nov. and Associated Eoginkgoites Foliage from the Upper Triassic Pekin Formation, North Carolina: Implications for Early Evolution in the Williamsoniaceae (Bennettitales). In PDF, International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 176: 174-185.

C. Pott and A. Launis (2015): Taeniopteris novomundensis sp. nov. – "cycadophyte" foliage from the Carnian of Switzerland and Svalbard reconsidered: How to use Taeniopteris? Abstract, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, 275. See also here (in PDF).

C. Pott and S. McLoughlin (2011): The Rhaetian flora of Rögla, northern Scania, Sweden. In PDF, Palaeontology, 54: 1025-1051.

! Christian Pott and Michael Krings (2010): Gymnosperm Foliage from the Upper Triassic of Lunz, Lower Austria: an annotated check list and identifiation key. PDF file, Geo.Alp, 7: 19-38.

C. Pott et al. 2008): The Carnian (Late Triassic) flora from Lunz in Lower Austria: Plant diversity and palaeoecological considerations. Abstract.

C. Pott et al. (2008): Sphenophytes from the Carnian (Upper Triassic) of Lunz am See (Lower Austria). PDF file, Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Wien, 148 183-199.

C. Pott et al. (2008): The Carnian (Late Triassic) flora from Lunz in Lower Austria: Paleoecological considerations. In PDF, Palaeoworld, 17: 172-182. See also here.

C. Pott et al. (2007): Pseudoctenis cornelii nov. spec. (cycadalean foliage) from the Carnian (Upper Triassic) of Lunz, Lower Austria. PDF file, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 109 A: 1-17.

C. Pott and M. Krings (2007): First record of circinate vernation in bennettitalean foliage. In PDF, N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh., 245: 315-321. see also here (abstract).

Pott, C., Kerp, J.H.F., Zijlstra, G. & van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, J.H.A. (2007): Proposal to conserve the name Pterophyllum (Foss., Bennettitales) with a conserved type. PDF file, Taxon 56 (3): 966-967.

Christian Pott, Forschungsstelle für Paläobotanik, Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany: Lunz - a famous flora. Triassic (Carnian) macroplant remains from Austria. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. Go to:
! Literature concerning the Lunz flora and adjacent aspects. An extensive bibliography.

National Museum Prague, Czech Republic. Palaeontological Collections, Hall 2 - Sternbergeum (Rhacopteris bipinnata), Life of the Upper Palaeozoic, i.e. the Carboniferous and Permian Periods of Bohemian Massif.
A version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

S.B. Pruss and D.J. Bottjer (2004): Late Early Triassic microbial reefs of the western United States: a description and model for their deposition in the aftermath of the end-Permian mass extinction. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 211: 127-137.

G.J. Retallack (2013): Permian and Triassic greenhouse crises. In PDF, Gondwana Research, 24: 90-103.

G.J. Retallack et al. (2005): The Permian-Triassic boundary in Antarctica. PDF file, Antarctic Science, 17: 241-258.

G.J. Retallack (2002): Lepidopteris callipteroides, an earliest Triassic seed fern of the Sydney Basin, southeastern Australia. In PDF, Alcheringa.

Gregory J. Retallack, Evelyn S. Krull, and Scott E. Robinson, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene: Permian and Triassic paleosols and paleoenvironments of the central Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica.

G.J. Retallack (1985): Triassic fossil plant fragments from shallow marine rocks of the Murihiku Supergroup, New Zealand. In PDF, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 15: 1-26.

G.J. Retallack (1981): Middle Triassic megafossil plants from Long Gully, near Otematata, north Otago, New Zealand. In PDF, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 11: 167-200. See also here.

! G.J. Retallack (1977): Reconstructing Triassic vegetation of eastern Australasia: a new approach for the biostratigraphy of Gondwanaland. In PDF, Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 1. See also here.

G. Retallack (1975): The life and times of a Triassic lycopod. PDF file, Alcheringa.

! G. Roghi et al. (2017): Middle Triassic amber associated with voltzialean conifers from the Southern Alps of Italy. Abstract, Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 123: 193-202. See also here (in PDF).

G. Roghi et al. (2006): Late Triassic Plants from the Julian Alps (Italy). In PDF, Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 45: 133-140.

G.W. Rothwell and S.R. Ash (2015): Internal anatomy of the Late Triassic Equisetocaulis gen. nov., and the evolution of modern horsetails. Abstract, Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 142: 27-37.

B. Rozynek (2008): Schozachia donaea n. gen., n. sp., a new cycad megasporophyll from the Middle Triassic (Ladinian) of Southern Germany. PDF file, PALAEODIVERSITY 1: 1-18.

Patricia E. Ryberg et al. (2008): Development and ecological implications of dormant buds in the high-Paleolaltitude Triassic sphenophyte Spaciinodum (Equisetaceae). PDF file, Am. J. Bot., 95: 1443-1453. See also here.

Patricia E. Ryberg et al. (2007): Buds and Branching in the Triassic sphenophyte Spaciinodum collinsonii. Abstract, Botany & Plant Biology 2007, Botanical Society of America, Chicago.

R. Saito et al. (2013): A terrestrial vegetation turnover in the middle of the Early Triassic. Abstract, Global and Planetary Change, 105: 152-159. see also here (in PDF).

! R.A. Savidge (2007): Wood anatomy of Late Triassic trees in Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, USA, in relation to Araucarioxylon arizonicum Knowlton, 1889. PDF file, Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol. 82: 301-328.

von Schauroth (1852): Ueber das Vorkommen von Voltzia coburgensis im mittleren Keupersandstein. Zeitschrift der Deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, 4: 538-544. Provided by Openlibrary.org.

August Schenk (1867): Die fossile Flora der Grenzschichten des Keupers und Lias Frankens. PDF file, provided by Google books. See also here.

! August Schenk (1864): Starting on page 51: Beiträge zur Flora des Keupers und der rhaetischen Formation. Bericht der naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bamberg, 7: 51-142, 8 plates; Bamberg. In German, provided by Google books. Also downloadable from here (in PDF). One of the fundamental paper of Triassic palaeobotany! Excellent!

E. Schneebeli-Hermann et al. (2014): Vegetation history across the Permian–Triassic boundary in Pakistan (Amb section, Salt Range). Gondwana research, 27: 911-924.
See also here, and there (in PDF).

! Johann Lukas Schoenlein (text by August Schenk) (1865): Abbildungen von fossilen Pflanzen aus dem Keuper Frankens (in German). Provided by Google books. Also available in PDF.

A.B. Schwendemann et al. (2011): Morphological and functional stasis in mycorrhizal root nodules as exhibited by a Triassic conifer. In PDF.

! A.B. Schwendemann et al. (2010): Organization, anatomy, and fungal endophytes of a Triassic conifer embryo. In PDF, American Journal of Botany, 97: 1873-1883.

A.B. Schwendemann et al. (2009): Combresomyces cornifer from the Triassic of Antarctica: Evolutionary stasis in the Peronosporomycetes. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 154: 1-5.

Andrew B. Schwendemann et al. (2007): Gondwanan Ferns from the Triassic of Antarctica. Abstract, Botany & Plant Biology 2007, Botanical Society of America, Chicago.

A.C. Scott et al.(2004): Evidence of plant-insect interactions in the Upper Triassic Molteno Formation of South Africa. PDF file, Journal of the Geological Society, London, 161: 401-410. See also here.

D.E. Shcherbakov (2008): Madygen, Triassic Lagerstätte number one, before and after Sharov. PDF file, Alavesia, 2: 113-124.
Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! X. Shi (2016): Fossil plants and environmental changes during the Permian-Triassic transition in Northwest China. Doctoral dissertation, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, China University of Geosciences Wuhan. See also here (abstract).

O. Shields, Journal of Biogeography (1998): Upper Triassic Pacific vicariance as a test of geological theories (PDF file).

S.A. Shorokhova (1997): Late Triassic floras in the Primorye region, Russia. In PDF.

A. Sopeña et al. (2009): New palynological and isotopic data for the Triassic of the western Cantabrian Mountains (Spain). PDF file, Journal of Iberian Geology, 35: 35-45.

L.A. Spalletti et al. (2003): Geological factors and evolution of southwestern Gondwana Triassic plants. In PDF, Gondwana Research. See also here (abstract).

A.K. Srivastava et al. (2010): Dicroidium: no more a Triassic Gondwana index fossil. PDF file.

S.C. Srivastava (1983): Sidhiphyllites: A new Ginkgophytic leaf genus from the Triassic of Nidpur, India. In PDF, The Palaeobotanist, 32: 20-25.

M. Steinthorsdottir et al. (2011): Extremely elevated CO2 concentrations at the Triassic/Jurassic boundary. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 308: 418-

Rudolf Stockar and Evelyn Kustatscher (2010): The Ladinian flora from the Cassina beds (Meride Limestone, Monte San Giorgio, Switzerland): preliminary results. PDF file, Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 116: 173-188. See also here (der Standard, Austria; in German).

The Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm:
! Databases. The electronic registration of the plant collections. "The goal is to provide an efficient way of searching for specimens and working on particular groups of plants or fossil sites". Excellent! Could be exemplary for other Natural Science Museums. Go to:
Triassic and Jurassic plants of Scania; see especially Specimens by publication.
! Triassic plants of Thale, Germany; see especially Specimen by publication.
! Triassic plants of Lunz, Austria.
Triassic plants of Eastern Australia.

C. Strullu-Derrien et al. (2012): Arthropod interactions with bennettitalean roots in a Triassic permineralized peat from Hopen, Svalbard Archipelago (Arctic). In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 348-349: 45-58.

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart: Der Lettenkeuper - Ein Fenster in die Zeit vor den Dinosauriern. Book announcement (in German). See also here (in PDF).

Ge Sun et al. (2010): The Upper Triassic to Middle Jurassic strata and floras of the Junggar Basin, Xinjiang, Northwest China. In PDF, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 90: 203-214. See also here (abstract).

H. Süss et al. (2009): Drei neue fossile Hölzer der Morphogattung Primoginkgoxylon gen. nov. aus der Trias von Kenia. PDF file (in German), Feddes Repertorium, 120: 273 - 292. See also here (Abstract).

Department of Palaeobotany, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm: Rhaetian and Jurassic plants of Scania. This database includes the Rhaetian and Jurassic plant fossils from Scania, southern Sweden, housed in the Stockholm collections.

H. Süss and K.-P. Kelber (2011): Eine neue Art der Morphogattung Baieroxylon Greguss aus dem Keuper von Franken, Deutschland. In PDF, Feddes Repertorium, 122: 257-267.

L.H. Tanner and S.G. Lucas (2013): Degraded wood in the Upper Triassic Petrified Forest Formation (Chinle Group), northern Arizona: Differentiating fungal rot from arthropod boring. In PDF, p. 582-588; in: Tanner, L.H., Spielmann, J.A. and Lucas, S.G. (eds.): The Triassic System. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 61.

L.H. Tanner and S.G. Lucas (2007): Origin of sandstone casts in the Upper Triassic Zuni Mountains Formation, Chinle Group, Fort Wingate, New Mexico (column right hand side, scroll down). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, 40.
"We propose alternatively that the casts are rhizoliths formed by the deep tap roots of the sphenopsid Neocalamites.&q

! L. Tapanila and E.M. Roberts (2012): The Earliest Evidence of Holometabolan Insect Pupation in Conifer Wood. In PDF. See also here.

Museum of Geology, Tartu, Estonia: Image of Alethopteris meriani, Triassic, Lunz, Austria.

Edith L. Taylor (1996): Enigmatic gymnosperms? Structurally preserved Permian and Triassic seed ferns from Antarctica. PDF file, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. See also here (abstract).

Edith L. Taylor and Thomas N. Taylor (2009): Seed ferns from the late Paleozoic and Mesozoic: Any angiosperm ancestors lurking there? PDF file, American Journal of Botany, 96: 237-251. See also here.

E.L. Taylor and P.E. Ryberg (2007): Tree growth at polar latitudes based on fossil tree ring analysis. PDF file, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 255: 246-264. See here.

! Edith L. Taylor & Vents Ivanov, Division of Paleobotany, Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence: Bibliography of Paleobotany. As of February, 2004, there are more than 50,000 entries in the database. In almost all cases, the complete reference is included. A small proportion of the entries have been indexed for keywords, mostly the newer literature. Excellent!

! Edith L. Taylor and Thomas N. Taylor: Structurally Preserved Permian and Triassic Floras from Antarctica. PDF file.

Edith L. Taylor et al. (2006): Mesozoic seed ferns: Old paradigms, new discoveries. PDF file, Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 133: 62-82.

Edith Taylor and Thomas Taylor, University of Kansas, Lawrence (U.S. Antarctic Program 2003-2004): BEARDMORE GLACIER REGION PROJECTS. PDF file. Scroll down to: "Permian and Triassic floras from the Beardmore Glacier region: Icehouse to greenhouse?"

TAYLOR, EDITH L., CARLY M. HARTER, AND THOMAS N. TAYLOR: Plant-animal interactions in the Triassic of Antarctica. Abstract, 1998 Annual Meeting of the Botanical Society of America, 2-6 August, 1998 Baltimore.

TAYLOR, EDITH L., THOMAS N. TAYLOR, RUBÉN CÚNEO, ANA ARCHANGELSKY, AND HANS KERP: Cupulate reproductive organs from the Triassic of the Shackleton Glacier area, Antarctica. Abstract, 1998 Annual Meeting of the Botanical Society of America, 2-6 August, 1998 Baltimore.

E. L. Taylor, T. N. Taylor, Dept. of Ecology and Evol. Biol., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, and B. J. Axsmith, Dept. of Biol. Scis., Univ. of South Alabama, Mobile: PHYLOGENY OF PERMIAN AND TRIASSIC SEED FERNS: NEW DATA FROM GONDWANA . Abstract (via wayback archive), XVI International Botanical Congress (IBC), 1-7 August 1999, Saint Louis.

N. Tian et al. (2016): New record of fossil wood Xenoxylon from the Late Triassic in the Sichuan Basin, southern China and its paleoclimatic implications. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 464: 65–75. See also here (in PDF).

Bruce H. Tiffney (University of California, Santa Barbara), Access Excellance, BioForum 4: The Influence of Plants on the Evolution of Terrestrial Communities. Go to Mesozoic reconstruction.

TOMESCU, ALEXANDRU MIHAIL FLORIAN and GAR W. ROTHWELL. Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University, Porter Hall, Athens: Exploring the cladistic relationships of sphenopsids. Abstract. Botany 2001, August 12 - 16, 2001; Albuquerque, New Mexico.

! John A. Townrow (1966): The Peltaspermaceae, a pteridosperm family of Permian and Triassic age. PDF file, Palaeontology, 3: 333-361.

R. Todesco et al. (2008): Preliminary report on a new vertebrate track and flora site from Piz da Peres (Anisian-Illyrian): Olang Dolomites, Northern Italy. In PDF, Geo.Alp, 5: 21-137.

Alejandro Troncoso (Instituto de Biología Vegetal y Biotecnología, Universidad de Talca, Chile) & Rafael Herbst, (PRINGEPA-CONICET, Corrientes, Argentina): Ginkgoales del Triásico del norte de Chile (in Spain). Rev. geol. Chile, Dec. 1999, vol.26, no. 2.

V.P. Tverdokhlebov (2004): Buried Equisetites thickets from the Middle Triassic of the south Cis-Urals, Russia. In PDF, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaontologie

D. Uhl et al. (2008): Evidences for the Permian-Triassic Wildfire Event. In PDF.

Utrecht University, The Netherlands: Late Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic Research.
Can be accessed through the internet wayback archive.

F. Vaez-Javadi (2006): Plant fossil remains from the Rhaetian of Shemshak Formation, Narges-Chal area, Alborz, NE Iran. PDF file.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert et al. (2017): First record of the pollen-bearing reproductive organ Hydropterangium from the Rhaetian of Germany (Wüstenwelsberg, Upper Franconia). Abstract, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 284.

! J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert et al. (2017): Differentiation of the fossil leaves assigned to Taeniopteris, Nilssoniopteris and Nilssonia with a comparison to similar genera. Abstract, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 237: 100–106. See also here (in PDF).

J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert et al. (2016): New data on Selaginellites coburgensis from the Rhaetian of Wüstenwelsberg (Upper Franconia, Germany). Abstract, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 280. See also here (in PDF), or there (Open Access in DiVA).

van Konijnenburg-van Cittert et al. (2006): Middle Triassic (Anisian) ferns from Kühwiesenkopf (Monte Prádella Vacca), Dolomites, Northern Italy. In PDF, Palaeontology, 49: 943-968.

! J.H.A. Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert (2002): Ecology of some Late Triassic to Early Cretaceous ferns in Eurasia. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 119: 113-124.

Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Museum of Natural History, Vienna: Plant fossils. Also worth checking out: Mesozoic at the Museum. Images of Voltzia heterophylla, Phoenicites, Araucaria mirabilis. See also here (Macropterygium bronnii).

Michael Wachtler, San Candido, Italy: Images of Triassic plants from the Dolomites.

J. Wade-Murphy and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2008): A revision of the Late Triassic Bintan flora from the Riau Archipelago (Indonesia). PDF file, Scripta Geologica, 136: 73-105. See also here.

M. Wan et al. (2015): Xenoxylon junggarensis sp. nov., a new gymnospermous fossil wood from the Norian (Triassic) Huangshanjie Formation in northwestern China, and its palaeoclimatic implications. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

Y. Wang et al. (2015): Fertile structures with in situ spores of a dipterid fern from the Triassic in southern China. In PDF, Journal of Plant Research, 128.

Yongdong Wang et al. (2014): The discovery of Jurassic plants in Shenzhen of Guangdong, southern China and related significance. In PDF, Chin. Sci. Bull., 59: 3630-3637.

! X. Wang et al. (2009): The discovery of whole-plant fossil cycad from the Upper Triassic in western Liaoning and its significance. Chinese Science Bulletin, 54: 3116–3119.
See also here. (in PDF).
Also worth checking out: Discovery of an Entire Fossil Cycad from the Late Triassic of China (by Bill Parker, September 07, 2009).

! Wang Xiaofeng et al. (2009): The Triassic Guanling fossil Group - A key GeoPark from Barren Mountain, Guizhou Province, China. A colony of Traumatocrinus sp. attached by root cirri to an agatized piece of driftwood! PDF file, from:
Jere H. Lipps and Bruno R.C. Granier (eds.) 2009, (e-book, hosted by Carnets): PaleoParks - The protection and conservation of fossil sites worldwide. Also available from here.

R. Weber (2008): Homomorfismo en Equisetaceae del Triásico: Asinisetum gen. nov., Equisetites aequecaliginosus Weber y conos asociados de Sonora, México (PDF file, in Spanish, with English and German abstracts). In: R. Weber (ed.): Plantas triásicas y jurásicas de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, Boletín 115: 1-83.
Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

R. Weber (2008): Phlebopteris (Matoniaceae) en el Triásico y Jurásico de México (PDF file, in Spanish). In R. Weber (ed.): Plantas triásicas y jurásicas de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, Boletín, 115: 85-115.

R. Weber (2005): Equisetites aequecaliginosus sp. nov., ein Riesenschachtelhalm aus der spättriassischen Formation Santa Clara, Sonora, Mexiko. PDF file, (in German). Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève, 24: 331-364.

R. Weber (1999): New and poorly known ferns from the Santa Clara Formation (Late Triassic, Sonora) NW-Mexico. III. Marattiales. Tranquilia Herbst. A panamerican dimorphous genus. PDF file, Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 16: 175-186.

R. Weber (1997): How old is the Triassic flora of Sonora and Tamaulipas and news on Leonardian floras in Puebla and Hidalgo, Mexico. PDF file, Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas.

R. Weber, Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Triassic of Sonora. Picture gallery. See also here (in German). You may also navigate from the overview website.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Category:Triassic
Category:Triassic events
Category:Triassic life
Category:Triassic first appearances
Category:Triassic animals
! Category:Triassic plants
Excellent!

Conghui Xiong and Qi Wang (2011): Permian-Triassic land-plant diversity in South China: Was there a mass extinction at the Permian/Triassic boundary? PDF file, Paleobiology, 37: 157-167.

T. Yang et al. (2011): A New Representative of Neocalamites Halle from the Upper Permian of Northeastern China (Jiefangcun Formation). In PDF, Paleontological Journal, 45: 335-346.

X. Yao et al. (1993): The triassic seed cone Telemachus from Antarctica PDF file, Review of palaeobotany and palynology, 78.

J. Yu et al. (2010): Annalepis, a pioneering lycopsid genus in the recovery of the Triassic land flora in South China. Abstract, Comptes Rendus Palevol., 9: 479-486.

Yuri D. Zakharov et al. (2009): Permian to earliest Cretaceous climatic oscillations in the eastern Asian continental margin (Sikhote-Alin area), as indicated by fossils and isotope data. PDF file, GFF, 131: 25-47. See also here.

Shuqin Zan et al. (2012): A new Neocalamites (Sphenophyta) with prickles and attached cones from the Upper Triassic of China. Abstract.

M. Zaton et al. (2005): Late Triassic charophytes around the bone-bearing bed at Krasiejów (SW Poland) -- palaeoecological and environmental remarks. PDF file, Acta Geologica Polonica, 55: 83-293.

N. Zavialova et al. (2010): Spore ultrastructure of Selaginellites leonardii and diversity of selaginellalean spores. In PDF, Geo.Alp 7: 1-17.

! J.-W. Zhang et al. 2010): A new species of Leptocycas (Zamiaceae) from the Upper Triassic sediments of Liaoning Province, China. Abstract, Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 48: 286–301. See also here (in PDF).
See fig. 9: Reconstruction of Leptocycas yangcaogouensis, resembling like that of Dioon edule.

Zhang Wangping, Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, and J. A. Grant-Mackie, Department of Geology, University of Auckland: Late Triassic-Early Jurassic palynofloral assemblages from Murihiku strata of New Zealand, and comparisons with China. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, abstracts.

Z. Zhiyan and W. Xiangwu (2006): The rise of ginkgoalean plants in the early Mesozoic: a data analysis. In PDF, Geo. J., 41: 363-375.

A.M. Ziegler et al. (1996): Mesozoic assembly of Asia: constraints from fossil floras, tectonics, and paleomagnetism. PDF file, In: The Tectonic Evolution of Asia, A. Yin and M. Harrison (eds.), pp. 371-400. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

G. Zijlstra et al. (2016): (2438–2439) Proposal to conserve the names Taeniopteris and T. vittata with a conserved type (fossil Tracheophyta: "Taeniopterides"). Taxon, 65: 399-400.










Top of page
Links for Palaeobotanists
Search in all "Links for Palaeobotanists" Pages!
index sitemap advanced
site search by freefind


This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
e-mail
kp-kelber@t-online.de
Last updated July 13, 2017



















eXTReMe Tracker