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Triassic Biotas
Homepages of Triassic Workers
Triassic Literature
Triassic Palaeobotany
Triassic Palynology
Triassic Climate
The Carnian Pluvial Event
Triassic Palaeogeography
Triassic Stratigraphy
The European Keuper: Stratigraphy and Facies
Triassic Palaeosols
Triassic Charcoal
The Rhaetian
Early Triassic Floras
Reconstructions of Triassic Landscapes

! Virtual Field Trip Guides@

Triassic Field Trips

Rainer Albert, Stuttgart ( Wutach-Exkursion (PDF file, in German).

S. Ash (2010), Go to PDF page 59: Summary of the Upper Triassic flora of the Newspaper Rock Bed and its paleoclimatic implications. PDF file, SEPM-NSF Workshop "Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems", September 21-26, 2010, Petrified Forest National Park, AZ.

S.R.Ash (2005): Synopsis of the Upper Triassic flora of Petrified Forest National Park and vicinity. In PDF. In: Nesbitt SJ , Parker WG, Irmis RB, eds. Guidebook to the Triassic Formations of the Colorado Plateau in northern Arizona: Geology, Paleontology, and History, Mesa Southwest Museum, Bulletin No. 9: 53–62.
This expired link is now available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Gernot Arp, Veit-Enno Hoffmann, Stephan Seppelt and Walter Riegel, Geowissenschaftliches Zentrum der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Abt. Geobiologie, Göttingen, Germany: Exkursion 6: Trias und Jura von Göttingen und Umgebung (in German). PDF file, 74. anniversary meeting, Paläontologische Gesellschaft, 2004.
See also here Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

G.H. Bachmann et al. (2005): International Field Workshop on the Triassic of Germany and surrounding countries. PDF file (15 MB), field trip guide.

G.H. Bachmann et al. (2009): Buntsandstein Cyclicity and Conchostracan Biostratigraphy of the Halle (Saale) Area, Central Germany. PDF file (3 MB), field trip guide, 6th International Field Workshop on the Triassic of Germany.

Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt (LfU), Augsburg and Hof, Germany (in German). Go to:
Nationale Geotope (in German). A selection of about 150 geological points of interest.
! G. Loth et al. (2013; in German): Geotope in Unterfranken. Scroll down to "PDF" (downloadable PDF file, 52 MB).
! S. Glaser et al. (2011; in German): Geotope in Mittelfranken. Scroll down to "PDF" (downloadable PDF file, 47 MB).
! R. Eichhorn et al. (2003; in German): Geotope in Oberfranken. Scroll down to "PDF" (downloadable PDF file, 49 MB). See also:
! Geological maps of Bavaria, partially downloadable. Excellent!

D. Chu et al. (2021): Metal-induced stress in survivor plants following the end-Permian collapse of land ecosystems. Open access, Geology, 49.

Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkely (UCMP): Triassic Period: Localities.

M. Bernardi et al. (2018): Permian–Triassic terrestrial ecosystems of the Dolomites (Southern Alps): Field trip on the occasion of the Paleodays 2018. In PDF, Geo.Alp, 5.
Note fig. 17 (PDF page 19): The late Permian reconstruction of the Dolomites region, Northern Italy. Artwork by Davide Bonadonna.

R. Brandner et al. (2016): Field trip 1: Pulses of Neotethys-Rifting in the Permomesozoic of the Dolomites In PDF, Geo.Alp, 13: 7-70.


! M. Buchwitz et al. (2019): 3rd International Conference of Continental Ichnology 2019 Field Trip Guide. In PDF, Hallesches Jahrbuch für Geowissenschaften, Beiheft 46. See also here.

T. Budai (2008): Geological excursions in the Alpine and Germanic Triassic facies areas of Hungary. PDF file (7 MB), field trip guide.

! G. Burgmeier and M. Schöttle, Landesanstalt für Umweltschutz Baden-Württemberg, Karlsruhe, Germany: Geotope im Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart. PDF file (in German). Scroll to PDF page 20: "Keuper".

CIA (Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs, Washington, D.C.):
! The World Factbook. The World Factbook is a comprehensive view of each country in the world through facts and statistics on such topics as population, economy and government. The book also includes maps and flags for each country.
See also here (by Wikipedia).

Timothy M. Demko et al. (2005): Mesozoic Lakes of the Colorado Plateau. Google books, Geological Society of America, Field Guide 6.

Deutsche Stratigraphische Kommission:
! International Triassic Field Workshops. An informal forum for earth scientists who are interested in the Triassic system. Go to:
! Southern Germany. In PDF, by H. Hagdorn, T. Simon, E. Nitsch, T. Aigner.
! Central Germany. In PDF, by G. H. Bachmann, G. Beutler.
! Buntsandstein near Halle (Central Germany) In PDF, by G.H. Bachmann, N. Hauschke, H.W. Kozur.

! Larry E. Davis and Robert L. Eves (2002): The Geology Of The Grand Staircase In Southern Utah: A Road Log and Guide for Public School Teachers. In PDF. Geological Society of America, Rocky Mountain Section Annual Meeting, Cedar City, Utah.

Timothy M. Demko et al. (2005): Mesozoic Lakes of the Colorado Plateau. PDF file, Geological Society of America, Field Guide 6. Exemplary for comparison.
The link is to a version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! M. Durand et al. (2011): TRIASSIC OF SOUTHEAST FRANCE (Provence: Var & Alpes-Maritimes). In PDF, Pan-European Correlation of the Triassic 8th International Field Workshop (sponsored by the Association des Géologues du Permien et du Trias).
See also here.

A. Franke: Nürnberg ist auf Sand und aus Sandstein gebaut. PDF file, in German. About the Burgsandstein (Meinhardt Formation, Norian) from the Germanic Triassic Keuper.

Gartiser & Piewak, Bamberg: Geologie von Franken (in German). See especially: Images of Frankonian quarries.

Alexander E. Gates (2005): Newark Basin-View from the 21st Century. Field guide, in PDF.

H.J. Gawlick et al. (2014): Field Trip A3: Triassic to Early Cretaceous shallow-water carbonates in the central Northern Calcareous Alps (Northwestern Tethyan realm).. In PDF, Berichte Geol. B.-A., 99; 11th Workshop on Alpine Geological Studies & 7th IFAA.

The Geological Society of America:
! Archive of All Online Field Guides.
! Search results for: "Triassic". Excellent!

Geoscientist Online (The Geological Society of London):
100 Great Geosites.

! The Global Triassic Alburquerque, May 2007 (S.G. Lucas and J.A. Spielmann).
A Joint Meeting of the IGCP Project 467 and the Subcommission on Triassic Stratigraphy, hosted by the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science. There are plenty of Triassic field guides from the American West (Bulletin 40, in PDF). Excellent!

T. Gunzelmann: Steinlandschaften - wo die Bamberger Bausteine herkommen. PDF file, in German. About some Franconian sandstone quarries from the Germanic Triassic Keuper.

H. Hagdorn et al. (2009): Triassic of Southwest Germany. PDF file (13 MB), field trip guide, 6th International Triassic Field Workshop (Pan-European Correlation of the Triassic).

Carmen Heunisch et al. (2007): Erdgeschichte von Niedersachsen. Geologie und Landschaftsentwicklung (in German). PDF file, Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie, Hannover (LBEG). State Authority for Mining, Energy and Geology. Triassic on page 36!

G. Hofbauer (2004): Die Erdgeschichte der Region – Grundzüge aus aktueller Perspektive. PDF file, in German. Natur und Mensch, Jahresmitteilungen Nürnberg, 2003 2004: 101-144.

J.E. Huntoon et al. (2002): Permian-Triassic depositional systems, paleogeography, paleoclimate, and hydrocarbon resources in Canyonlands and Monument Valley, Utah. In PDF.

L. Jaselli (2012): Geo-paleontological Excursion to Monte San Giorgio (CH) - part 1. Der Steinkern, English articles.

The Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC), Peterborough, UK. The JNCC is the UK Government's wildlife adviser, undertaking national and international conservation work on behalf of the three country nature conservation agencies English Nature, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Countryside Council for Wales. Go to: Earth Heritage > Geological Conservation Review (GCR) > GCR Database,
! Palaeozoic Palaeobotany,
! Mesozoic Palaeobotany,
! Tertiary Palaeobotany.
The GCR sites represent the British fossil record of vascular land plants. Excellent!
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

K.-P. Kelber (2018): The Coburg Sandstone member (Hassberge Formation, Carnian, Triassic) in Frankonia: The Hahn Quarry near Eltmann. PDF file, in: Pre-Symposium excursion: 13th Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biota (MTE 13), July 21-23, 2018, Bonn (unpublished).
! With extensive bibliography.

K.-P. Kelber & E. Nitsch (2005): Paläoflora und Ablagerungsräume im unterfränkischen Keuper (Exkursion H am 1. April 2005).- PDF file (20 MB), in German. Jber. Mitt. oberrhein. geol. Ver., N.F., 87: 217-253; Stuttgart.

K.-P. Kelber (2000): Paläobotanisch-geologische Exkursion in die Obere Trias Frankens. (Exkursion 7; 70. Jahrestagung Paläont. Ges., Coburg 2000). In German, PDF file. Terra Nostra, 00/4: 120-142.

L. Krystyn et al. (2005): The Triassic–Jurassic boundary in the Northern Calcareous Alps. In PDF.

E. Kustatscher et al. (2016): Field trip 2. Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic terrestrial environments in the Dolomites and surrounding areas. Geo.Alp, 13: 71-116.

Landesamt für Geologie, Rohstoffe und Bergbau Baden-Württemberg (LGRB), Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany (in German). Go to:
Neuigkeiten zu den Geoanwendungen und Geodatendiensten des LGRB.
! Download-Bereich.
! Aufschlussdatenbank.

S.G. Lucas et al. (2007): First day: Middle and Upper Triassic stratigraphy, sedimentology and paleontology of west-central New Mexico, and Second day: Early and Middle Triassic stratigraphy, palaeontology and correlation in northeastern Arizona. Google books (downloadable in PDF), In: Lucas, S.G. and Spielmann, J.A., eds., Triassic of the American West. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 40.
See also here (from Terra Triassica, Euerdorf, Germany).

S.G. Lucas (2001), go to PDF page 52: Restoration of Late Triassic landscapes at the Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona. In PDF, Proceedings of the 6th Fossil Resource Conference. See also here.

! C. McRoberts, State University of New York, Cortland:
The Global Triassic, Alburquerque, May 2007. PDF files; The joint meeting of the IGCP Project 467 and the Subcommission on Triassic Stratigraphy (hosted by the New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science).
The link is to a version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Mineralienatlas - Fossilienatlas (in German): Thema: links und linklisten zur Paläobotanik, Auflistung von National Parks, Museen & Sammlungen von Jim Mills aus Kalifornien.

Ministerium für Umwelt, Klima und Energiewirtschaft Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart: Geotope in Baden-Württemberg. Go to: Bedeutende Geotope in Baden-Württemberg. In German.

D.W. Mogk and C. Goodwin (2012): Learning in the field: Synthesis of research on thinking and learning in the geosciences. In PDF, Geological Society of America Special Papers, 486: 131-163. See also here.

Naturpark Haßberge: Reise in die Erdgeschichte der Haßberge. PDF file, in German.

P.E. Olsen et al. (2003): Causes and consequences of the Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction as seen from the Hartford basin. PDF file, in: Brady, J. B. and Cheney, J.T. (eds.) Guidebook for Field Trips in the Five College Region, 95th New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference, Department of Geology, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, p. B5-1--B5-41.

! P.E. Olsen et al. (1992): Stratigraphy and Paleoecology of the Deerfield rift basin (Triassic-Jurassic, Newark Supergroup), Massachusetts. In PDF, 31,5 MB! p. 488-535, in: Robinson, P. and Brady, J. B. (eds.) Guidebook for Field Trips in the Connecticut Valley Region of Massachusetts and Adjacent States (vol. 2), New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference 84th Annual Meeting, Contribution no. 66, Department of Geology and Geography, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

P.E. Olsen et al. (1991): Rift basins of early Mesozoic age. PDF file, p. 142-170, from Horton, W., (ed.): Geology of the Carolinas. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.

Paleontological Research Institution: Teacher-Friendly Guides to Earth science. There are seven guides that cover the United States, each available in some combination of websites, downloadable pdfs, and/or print copies. Excellent!

! William Parker (2005): Petrified Forest National Park: a Roadlog. PDF file, Guidebook to the Triassic Formations of the Colorado Plateau in northern Arizona: Geology, Paleontology, and History. Sterling J. Nesbitt, William G. Parker, and Randall B. Irmis (eds.) Mesa Southwest Museum, Bulletin No. 9.

N. Preto et al. (2019): The Carnian Pluvial Episode in Italy: History of the research and perspectives. In PDF, Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 58: 35-49.

! Guido Roghi et al. (2014): Field trip to Permo-Triassic Palaeobotanical and Palynological sites of the Southern Alps. In PDF, Geo.Alp, 11: 29-84.
See also here.. In PDF,

L.J. Schmidt (2012): Travels in Geology: UTAH: Exploring the Scenic Byways and Slot Canyons of Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. In PDF.

J.W. Schneider et al. (2014): Excursion Guide: CPC-2014 Field Meeting on Carboniferous and Permian Nonmarine – Marine Correlation July 21st – 27th, Freiberg, Germany. In PDF, TU Freiberg, Institut für Geologie, Wissenschaftliche Mitteilungen, 46.
Don´t miss chapter 4.1: The Germanic Triassic (PDF page 80).

J.W. Schneider et al. (2014): Part II. The Carboniferous-Permian basins in Saxony, Thuringia, and Saxony-Anhalt of East Germany. In PDF. See also here.

D. Seegis: Geologischer Pfad Gaildorf. PDF file, in German.

J. Szulc and A. Becker (2007): International Workshop on the Triassic of southern Poland. PDF file (8 MB), field trip guide.

C. Weiss et al., (2006); Institut für Paläontologie, Erlangen: Naturwerksteine im westlichen Oberfranken - von Bamberg nach Coburg. In German. Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften, TU Berlin.

Wikipedia (in German):
Kategorie:Liste (Geotope in Bayern).
Kategorie:Geotop in Oberfranken.
Kategorie:Geotop in Unterfranken.
! Liste der Geotope im Landkreis Haßberge.
Liste der Geotope im Landkreis Coburg.
Liste der Geotope im Landkreis Schweinfurt.

Karl Zelger (1867): Geognostische Wanderungen im Gebiete der Trias Franken´s. PDF file, in German. See also here and there (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek).

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This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
Last updated December 29, 2022

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