Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa
Cyanobacteria and Stromatolites
Seed Plants in General
Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa /
Cyanobacteria and Stromatolites
Seed Plants in General
Focussed on the Fossil Record@
! Parasitic Plants@
! Taxonomy and Plant Classification Databases@
! Debashish Bhattachatya et al. (2009): Eukaryotes (Eukaryota). PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).
P.D. Cantino et al. (2007): Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. PDF file, Taxon, 56: 822-846.
! F.M. Cardillo & T.S. Samuels, Department of Biology, Manhattan College and the College of Mt. St. Vincent: WHITTAKER FIVE KINGDOM SYSTEM (1978) Plant Classification. Chapters include: KINGDOM IV - Plantae.
Davesgarden.com (gardening forums, seed trading): Plant Files. A plant database with more than 150,000 plants.
Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc.: Scientific stock photography library. Light microscope pictures and electron microscopy images featuring science and biomedical microscopy photos. Go to Plants.
dmoz, the Open Directory Project:
Science: Biology: Flora and Fauna: Plantae:
Psilotophyta. See also:
Earth Sciences: Paleontology: Paleobotany: Taxa.
Douglas J. Eernisse, Department of Biological Science, Cal State Fullerton: Web Links by Group of Organisms.
Estrella Mountain Community College Center, Avondale, Arizona:
On-Line Biology Book.
Introductory biology lecture notes. Go to:
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: NONVASCULAR PLANTS AND NONSEED VASCULAR PLANTS, and
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: SEED PLANTS.
Die Globale Taxonomie Initiative GTI, Nationale Kontaktstelle Deutschland (part of the Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD, hosted by Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart). The objectives of the GTI are the provision of sufficient taxonomic capacities to fullfill the aims of the CBD, i.e. the protection and sustainable use of the components of biodiversity. Go to: Identification helps and keys for Animals, Plants and Fungi from all regions.
Science > Earth Sciences > Paleontology > Paleobotany > Taxa.
Link directory, with ratings (Google page rank).
Mikko Haaramo, Helsinki (website is physically situated on the Finnish Museum of the Natural History server): Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. An archive of various phylogenetic trees. Go to: Viridiplantae - Green Plants (after Parker, 1982, and McCourt, Chapman, Buchheim & Mishler, 1996-1998, "The Tree of Life").
International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI): IOPI manages a series of cooperative international projects that aim to create databases of plant taxonomic information. The Global Plant Checklist Project. A Global Plant Checklist, encompassing about 300,000 vascular plant species and over 1,000,000 names, is IOPI's first priority. Eventually, the Checklist will also include non-vascular plants (mosses and liverworts, and even lichens and if they have not been dealt with elsewhere). A provisional Checklist is in operation.
International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI): IOPI manages a series of cooperative international projects that aim to create databases of plant taxonomic information. The Species Plantarum Project (SPP). SPP is a long term project to record essential taxonomic information on vascular plants worldwide. It is being published in hardcopy as "Flora of the World". It includes accepted names and synonyms with places of publication and types, short descriptions of all taxa from family to infraspecific rank, keys, distributions, references to literature comments, etc.
Iziko Museums of Cape Town: The Kingdom of Plants (Embryophyta).
Keith Karoly, Biology Department, Reed College, Portland, OR: Vascular Plant Diversity. An internet guide. Go to: Introduction to Plant Taxonomy.
John W. Kimball: Kimball´s Biology Pages. The pages represent an online biology textbook. Go to: Plants.
! Biological Sciences, Ohio State University, Lima:
Biology at OSU Lima. Go to:
Flowering plant reproduction.
Plant anatomical characteristics.
! S. Magallón (2009): Flowering plants (Magnoliophyta). PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).
! Susana Magallón and Khidir W. Hilu (2009): Land plants (Embryophyta). PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).
Richard M. McCourt, Department of Botany Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia; R. L. Chapman, Mark Buchheim and Brent D. Mishler, Tree of Life Project: Green plants. Green plants as defined here includes a broad assemblage of photosynthetic organisms that all contain chlorophylls a and b, store their photosynthetic products as starch inside the double-membrane-bounded chloroplasts in which it is produced, and have cell walls made of cellulose. They include all organisms commonly known as green algae and land plants, including liverworts, mosses, ferns and other nonseed plants, and seed plants.
Montgomery College Library, Conroe, TX: Overviews of Plantae. An annotated link list.
Harold Nesbitt, Northern Virginia Community College: Biology Lectures. Powerpoint Lectures. Go to: Chapter 23, The Land Plants.
Dan Nickrent, Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale: The Parasitic Plant Connection. A repository of information on parasitic plants.
Dan Nickrent and Karen Renzaglia, Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale: Land Plants Online.
! Dan Nickrent, Kevin C. Nixon & Dale Vitt (Curatorial Board; website served from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale): Phyto Images. This site includes a wide variety of vascular plant and bryophyte photos of high quality. Phyto Images belongs to DOL (DiversityofLife.org), which is a web interface based on the Encino Software Project. The Encino project is a unified set of software tools for storing, retrieving, and analyzing biodiversity. Search the Cladogramm Database or use the Diagnostic Keys. Superbly done!
Daniel Nickrent, Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois: Elements of Plant Systematics, and Plant Systematics and Evolution. The history of taxonomy, etc.
Lone Star College, North Harris:
tutorials. Go to:
Plant Kingdom References.
James L. Reveal, Norton-Brown Herbarium, University of Maryland: Advanced Plant Taxonomy. Systems of classification for magnoliophyta, history of systematic botany, approaches to biological classification, taxonomic hierarchy, types of data.
Hamish Robertson, Iziko Museums, Cape Town: Classification of Life on Earth under construction). An overview of systematics. Go to: The Kingdom of Plants (Embryophyta).
John Rushin, Missouri Western State University:
History of Plant Taxonomy.
Plant Taxonomy (Systematics).
Dan Skean, Albion College, Albion, Michigan: Albion College Vascular Plant Image Gallery. Images are listed by class and then alphabetically by family and scientific name.
The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life.
! P.F. Stevens and Hilary Davis, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.
The focus of this site is on angiosperms and emphasis is placed on plant families. You can also navigate from the
or the Families-website.
EVOLUTION OF LAND PLANTS.
! Department of Phanerogamic Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History: Linnean herbarium (S-LINN): Superbly done!
A database system for systematics and taxonomy. The SysTax database system comprises
concept-based botanical and zoological systematics, literature,
botanic gardens, herbaria, and zoological collections, etc.
Taxon Browser, Botany.
! The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL). This project is a collaborative effort of biologists from around the world. On more than 3000 World Wide Web pages, the project provides information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their evolutionary history (phylogeny), and characteristics. Go to: Green plants (by Richard M. McCourt, R. L. Chapman, Mark Buchheim, and Brent D. Mishler)
! United States Department of Agriculture (USDA): (PLANTS is a collaborative effort of the USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC), the USDA NRCS Information Technology Center (ITC), the USDA National Information Technology Center (NITC), and many other partners): PLANTS Database. The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.
Wayne's Word: The Five Kingdoms Of Life. Brief information about the five major kingdoms, including the Monera, the Protista (Protoctista), the Fungi, the Plantae, and the Animalia.
! Wikipedia (a free-content encyclopedia):
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