Links for Palaeobotanists

Home / Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa / Algae

Cyanobacteria and Stromatolites
Seed Plants in General
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! C. Beimforde et al. (2014): Estimating the Phanerozoic history of the Ascomycota lineages: combining fossil and molecular data. In PDF, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 78: 386-398. See also here.

University of California, Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), Berkeley:
! Lichens: Fossil Record.
! Lichens: Life History & Ecology.

! The Botanical Society of America: The American Journal of Botany Cover Images Index. The collection on the page holding the cover images of the American Journal of Botany. A great set of images! See also:
! Online Image Collection. This page acts as a map to the entire collection. Images are classified Lichens.
These expired links are now available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Salvatore De Santis, The New York Botanical Garden: An Introduction to Lichens.

Encyclopedia of Earth. An electronic reference about the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. Go to: What are lichens? About fungi, algae, an what lichens are not. More botany articles here, and there (all titles A-Z).

D.J. Galloway, Australian Biological Resources Study: Lichen Glossary.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

C. Hartl et al. (2015): Lichen preservation in amber: morphology, ultrastructure, chemofossils, and taphonomic alteration. In PDF, Foss. Rec., 18: 127-135.

R. Honegger et al. (2013): The earliest records of internally stratified cyanobacterial and algal lichens from the Lower Devonian of the Welsh Borderland. In PDF, New Phytologist, 197: 264275.

Steven L. Jessup, Southern Oregon University: Algae, Fungi and Lichens. A link list.
The link is to a version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! LIAS light (by Botanische Staatssammlung München). A database for rapid identification of lichens.

Andrew Miller, Illinois Natural History Survey:
! Lichens. Powerpoint presentation.

M.P. Nelsen et al. (2020): No support for the emergence of lichens prior to the evolution of vascular plants. In PDF, Gebiology, 18: 3-13. See also here.

! Dept of Botany and Plant Pathology, and
Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University: Lichenland.

! Gordon Ramel, What is a Lichen?
See also Loveable Lichens.

Peter v. Sengbusch, Botanik Online: Wechselwirkungen zwischen Pflanzen und Pilzen; Evolution parasitischer und symbiotischer Beziehungen zwischen ihnen (in German).
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Harrie Sipman, Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Freie Universität Berlin: Lichen determination keys available on INTERNET. A link list of specialized keys to lichens. There are also interactive keys, based on a character set in a database.

Clifford Smith, Department of Botany, University of Hawaii, Honolulu: The World of Lichenology. Links to lichens and lichenologists and The International Association of Lichenologists.
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Hans Steur, Ellecom, The Netherlands: Hans´ Paleobotany Pages. Fossil plant images from the oldest land plants. Go to: Prototaxites.

W.A. Taylor et al. (2004): SEM analysis of Spongiophyton interpreted as a fossil lichen. In PDF, International Journal of Plant Sciences, 165: 875-881.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
! Lichen.

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This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
Last updated January 21, 2020