Articles in Palaeobotany /
What is Palaeobotany?
Whole Plant Reconstructions
Overviews of Plant Fossil Lagerstätten and Their Palaeoenvironments
Early Triassic Floras@
Silurian and Devonian Palaeobotany
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
Chemotaxonomy and Chemometric Palaeobotany@
! The Mass Extinction at the End of the Triassic@
! Teaching Documents about Palaeobotany@
! Fossil Plant and Paleovegetation Reconstructions@
Progress in Palaeobotany and Palynology@
Abscission and Tissue Separation in Fossil and Extant Plants@
Anna-Lena Anderberg, Department of Palaeobotany, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm: Rhaetian and Jurassic plants of Scania. This database includes the Rhaetian and Jurassic plant fossils from Scania, southern Sweden, housed in the Stockholm collections. Go to: Specimens by publication. A reference list.
M. Barbacka et al. (2019): Ferns of the Lower Jurassic from the Mecsek Mountains (Hungary): taxonomy and palaeoecology. Free access, PalZ, 93: 151–185. See also here (in PDF), and there.
M. Barbacka et al. (2016): New data about Matonia braunii (Göppert) Harris from the Early Jurassic of Poland and its ecology. In PDF, Geological Quarterly, 60: 857–868. See also here.
M. Barbacka et al. (2014): European Jurassic floras: statistics and palaeoenvironmental proxies.In PDF, Acta Palaeobotanica, 54: 173-195.
K. Bauer et al. (2015): Lepacyclotes kirchneri n. sp. (Isoetales, Isoetaceae) aus dem unteren Jura von Oberfranken, Deutschland. In PDF, Berichte der Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft Bayreuth, 27: 429-443.
E.R. Bodor (2015): Plant reproductive organs from the Mecsek Coal Formation. Thesis, (abbreviated version?), ELTE Doctoral School of Earth Sciences, Budapest. In PDF.
B. Bomfleur et al. (2015): Osmunda pulchella sp. nov. from the Jurassic of Sweden - reconciling molecular and fossil evidence in the phylogeny of modern royal ferns (Osmundaceae). In PDF, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 5. See also here.
R. Butzmann (2016):
in Angriff genommen:die Bearbeitung der Flora der Fossillagerstätte
Brunn Oberes Kimmeridgium. PDF file, in German.
Freunde der Bayerischen Staatssammlung
für Paläontologie und Historische Geologie
Note fig. 1: The palaeogeographical map.
A. Channing et al. (2011):
sp. nov.(Equisetales) from the Jurassic San Agustín hot spring deposit, Patagonia:
Anatomy, paleoecology, and inferred paleoecophysiology. PDF file,
American Journal of Botany, 98: 680-697.
A version archived by Internet Archive Wayback Machine.
See also here (abstract).
T. Choo et al. (2016): Monotypic colonies of Clathropteris meniscioides (Dipteridaceae) from the Early Jurassic of central Patagonia, Argentina: implications for taxonomy and palaeoecologyand palaeoecology. In PDF, Palaeontographica B, 294: 85-109. See also here.
C.J. Cleal & B.A. Thomas, Geological Conservation Review Series (GCR), Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC). The JNCC is the UK government's wildlife adviser, undertaking national and international conservation work on behalf of the three country nature conservation agencies English Nature, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Countryside Council for Wales. Go to: Introduction to the Mesozoic and Tertiary palaeobotany of Great Britain, and List of Sites. PDF files.
D. Contreras et al. (2019): Reconstructing the Early Evolution of the Cupressaceae: A Whole-Plant Description of a New Austrohamia Species from the Cañadón Asfalto Formation (Early Jurassic), Argentina. Int. J. Plant Sci., 180: 834–868. See also here (in PDF).
L.G. Costamagna et al. (2018): A palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Middle Jurassic of Sardinia (Italy) based on integrated palaeobotanical, palynological and lithofacies data assessment. Free access, Palaeobio. Palaeoenv., 98: 111–138.
! Peter R. Crane and Patrick S. Herendeen (2009): Bennettitales from the Grisethorpe Bed (Middle Jurassic) at Cayton Bay, Yorkshire, UK. PDF file, American Journal of Botany, 96: 284-295. See also here (abstract).
C. Diéguez et al. (2009):
fern-bennettitalean floral assemblage in Tithonian-Berriasian travertine deposits
(Aguilar Formation, Burgos-Palencia, N Spain) and its palaeoclimatic and vegetational
implications. In PDF, Journal of Iberian Geology, 35: 127-140.
Specimens preserved as impressions coated with a microbial film up to 5 mm thick made up of bacteria and cyanobacteria.
A. Elgorriaga et al. (2019):
Lepidopteris (Peltaspermales) from the Early Jurassic Cañadón Asfalto
Formation, Patagonia, Argentina. Abstract,
Int. J. Plant Sci., 180.
(in PDF), and
"... and its youngest species, Lepidopteris ottonis, has been used as a Rhaetian marker for several European, Greenlandic, and American localities ..."
"... Lepidopteris scassoi represents the youngest occurrence of the genus by more than 20 Myr. Lepidopteris and Dicroidium lineages, dominant in Southern Hemisphere Triassic ecosystems, show a similar overall pattern of origination (Late Permian), diversification (late Early-Middle Triassic), and decline (Late Triassic), with relict occurrences during the Early Jurassic. ..."
A. Elgorriaga et al. (2019): Southern Hemisphere Caytoniales: vegetative and reproductive remains from the Lonco Trapial Formation (Lower Jurassic), Patagonia. Open access, Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, DOI: 10.1080/14772019.2018.1535456
A. Elgorriaga et al. (2015): Reconstruction and Phylogenetic Significance of a New Equisetum Linnaeus Species from the Lower Jurassic of Cerro Bayo (Chubut Province, Argentina). In PDF, Ameghiniana, 52.
I. Escapa and A. Leslie (2017): A new Cheirolepidiaceae (Coniferales) from the Early Jurassic of Patagonia (Argentina): Reconciling the records of impression and permineralized fossils. Am. J. Bot., 104: 322-334. See also here (abstract).
I.H. Escapa et al. (2011): Seed cone anatomy of Cheirolepidiaceae (Coniferales): Reinterpreting Pararaucaria patagonica Wieland. In PDF, Am. J. Bot., 99: 1058-1068.
Earth Sciences, University of Leeds:
in the Basal Purbeck Formation on Portland
- The Great Dirt Bed Forest.
Still available via Internet Archive Wayback Machine.
See also here.
Q. Fu et al. (2018):
unexpected noncarpellate epigynous
flower from the Jurassic of China. In PDF,
eLife, 7: e38827. See also:
D.W. Taylor and H. Li (2019): Paleobotany: Did flowering plants exist in the Jurassic period.
Q. Fu et al. (2017): Nanjinganthus: An Unexpected Flower from the Jurassic of China. In PDF, bioRxiv (pronounced "bio-archive"). See also here.
G. Guignard et al. (2009): A dipteridaceous fern with in situ spores from the Lower Jurassic in Hubei, China. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 156: 104–115.
T.M. Harris: The Problems of Jurassic Palaeobotany. In PDF.
W. Huang et al. (2016): New Phoenicopsis leaves (Czekanowskiales) from the Middle Jurassic Daohugou Biota, China and their roles in phytogeographic and paleoclimatic reconstruction. In PDF, Palaeoworld, 25: 388–398. See also here.
M. S. Ignatov et al. (2012): New Bryokhutuliinia species (Bryophyta) with sporophytes from the Upper Jurassic of Transbaikalia. In PDF, Arctoa, 21: 69-78.
A. Jarzynka (2016): Fossil flora of Middle Jurassic Grojec clays (southern Poland). Raciborski's original material reinvestigated and supplemented. II. Pteridophyta. Osmundales. Acta Palaeobotanica, 56: 183–221.
A. Jarzynka and G. Pacyna (2015): Fossil flora of Middle Jurassic Grojec clays (southern Poland). Raciborski´s original material reinvestigated and supplemented. I. Sphenophytes. In PDF, Acta Palaeobotanica, 55. See also here.
W. Jung (1970): Die Gothan´sche Rhät/Lias-Sammlung der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft Nürnberg. PDF file, in German. Natur und Mensch, Jahresmitteilungen der naturhistorischen Gesellschaft Nürnberg e.V., 1970: 63-71.
E. Kustatscher et al. (2016): The Krasser collection in the Faculty of Sciences, Charles University, Prague: New insights into the Middle Jurassic flora of Sardinia. In PDF, Fossil Imprint, 72: 140-154. See also here.
Gerhard Leubner Lab, University Freiburg, Germany: Seed Evolution. Go to: Jurassic parc/Mesozoic era: Extinct gymnosperms and living ancient gymnosperms. Extant Cycadales and extinct Bennettitales.
R. Li et al. (2019): Ricciopsis sandaolingensis sp. nov., a new fossil bryophyte from the Middle Jurassic Xishanyao Formation in the Turpan-Hami Basin, Xinjiang, Northwest China. Open access, Palaeontologia Electronica. See also here (in PDF).
Z.J. Liu et al. (2019): Zhangwuia: an enigmatic organ with a bennettitalean appearance and enclosed ovules. In PDF, Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, 108 (Agora Paleobotanica), : 419-428. See also here.
Z.-J. Liu and X. Wang (2016): A perfect flower from the Jurassic of China. In PDF, Historical Biology, 28: 707-719. See also here (Abstract).
D.E. Lozano-Carmona et al. (2019): Jurassic Flora in Southern Mexico: Anomozamites Schimper, 1870 Emend. Pott et McLoughlin, 2009 from Mixteco Terrane, Phytogeographical Implications of Williamsoniaceae Family (Bennettitales). Open Journal of Geology, 9: 142-156.
D.E. Lozano-Carmona and M.P. Velasco-de León (2016): Jurassic flora in Southeast Mexico: importance and prospects of recent findings in the Mixteco Terrane. In PDF, Paleontología Mexicana, 5: 87-101. See also here (abstract).
S. McLoughlin and C. Pott (2018): Plant mobility in the Mesozoic: Disseminule dispersal strategies of Chinese and Australian Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous plants. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.
S. McLoughlin (2015): The Landsborough Sandstone: the Sunshine Coast´s Jurassic park. In PDF, Australian Age of Dinosaurs Journal.
S. McLoughlin and B.P. Kear (2014): Gondwanan Mesozoic biotas and bioevents. Abstract.
! S. McLoughlin and C. Pott (2009): The Jurassic flora of Western Australia. Abstract. GFF, 131: 113-136. See also here. (in PDF).
Y. Na et al. (2014): A new species of Phoenicopsis (Czekanowskiales) from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China. In PDF. See also here (search result, Google Scholar).
! N. Nosova et al. (2017): New data on the epidermal structure of the leaves of Podozamites Braun. Abstract, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 238: 88–104. See also here (in PDF).
! G.A. Pattemore (2016): Megaflora of the Australian Triassic–Jurassic: a taxonomic revision. Acta Palaeobotanica, 56: 121–182. See also here (in PDF).
! M. Philippe et al. (2017): The palaeolatitudinal distribution of fossil wood genera as a proxy for European Jurassic terrestrial climate. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 466: 373-381.
M. Pole et al. (2018): Fires and storms—a Triassic–Jurassic transition section in the Sichuan Basin, China. Abstract, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 98: 29–47. See also here (in PDF).
Mike Pole, New Zealand:
Horsetail Marshes of the New Zealand Jurassic.
M.E. Popa and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2006): Diversity of Biota Aspects of Romanian Early-Middle Jurassic palaeobotany and palynology. Part VII. Successions and floras. PDF file.
C. Pott and J.H.A. Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert (2017): The type specimen of Nilssoniopteris solitaria (Phillips 1829) (Bennettitales). Open access, Acta Palaeobotanica, 57: 177–184.
! Allister Rees, GEON SDSC Meeting Webcast Archive, San Diego Supercomputer Center: GEON SDSC Meeting, webcast live: Go to: Dinosaurs and More: Integration of the DINO and PGAP Databases (August 22, 2005). Biomes, climates and floral development from the Permian to the Jurassic.
P.M. Rees and C.J. Cleal (2004): Lower Jurassic floras from Hope Bay and Botany Bay, Antarctica. In PDF, Palaeontological Association.
P.M. Rees (1993): Dipterid ferns from the Mesozoic of Antarctica and New Zealand and their stratigraphical significance. In PDF.
G.W. Rothwell et al. (2013): Diversity of ancient conifers: The Jurassic seed cone Bancroftiastrobus digitata gen. et sp. nov. (Coniferales). In PDF, Int. J. Plant Sci., 174: 937-946.
G.W. Rothwell et al. (2012): The seed cone Eathiestrobus gen. nov.: Fossil evidence for a Jurassic origin of Pinaceae. In PDF, American Journal of Botany, 99: 708–720.
L. Santasalo (2013): The Jurassic extinction events and its relation to CO2 levels in the atmosphere: a case study on Early Jurassic fossil leaves. In PDF, Bachelor´s thesis, Department of Geology, Lund University, Sweden.S.M. Slater et al. (2018): An introduction to Jurassic biodiversity and terrestrial environments. In PDF, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 98: 1–5. See also here.
S.M. Slater and C.H. Wellman (2015): A quantitative comparison of dispersed spore/pollen and plant megafossil assemblages from a Middle Jurassic plant bed from Yorkshire, UK. Abstract, Paleobiology, 41: 640–660. See also here and (in PDF).
School of Ocean and Earth Science, Southampton Oceanography Centre, UK:
Go to: Jurassic.
Images of Cycadeoidea, Cycadeoidea gigantea, Cycadeoidea microphylla.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
A.R.T. Spencer et al. (2017):
insights into Mesozoic cycad evolution: an exploration of anatomically preserved Cycadaceae
seeds from the Jurassic Oxford Clay biota. PeerJ 5.
Description of a new genus of anatomically preserved gymnosperm seed from the Callovian–Oxfordian (Jurassic) Oxford Clay Formation (UK), using a combination of traditional sectioning and synchrotron radiation X-ray micro-tomography (SRXMT).
! A.R.T. Spencer et al. (2015): Middle Jurassic evidence for the origin of Cupressaceae: A paleobotanical context for the roles of regulatory genetics and development in the evolution of conifer seed cones. American Journal of Botany, 102: 942-961.
Hans Steur, Ellecom, The Netherlands: The Jurassic flora of North Yorkshire, Bennettitales from Yorkshire.
STOCKEY, RUTH1 and GAR W. ROTHWELL2. 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton: 2Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio: Permineralized cycad seeds from the Jurassic of British Columbia, Canada. Abstract. Botany 2001, August 12 - 16, 2001; Albuquerque, New Mexico.
R.A. Stockey (1977): Reproductive biology of the Cerro Cuadrado (Jurassic) fossil conifers: Pararaucaria patagonica. In PDF, American Journal of Botany, 64: 733-744. See also here.
C. Sun et al. (2015): A New Species of Czekanowskia (Czekanowskiales) from the Middle Jurassic of Ordos Basin, China. In PDF, Botanica Pacifica, 4: 149-155.
Ge Sun et al. (2010): The Upper Triassic to Middle Jurassic strata and floras of the Junggar Basin, Xinjiang, Northwest China. Abstract, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 90: 203-214. See also here (in PDF).
M. Taghi Badihagh and D. Uhl (2019): The first occurrence of Phlebopteris dunkeri and P. woodwardii (Matoniaceae) from the middle Jurassic of Iran, In PDF, # Journal of Palaeogeography. See also here.
D.W. Taylor and H. Li (2018):
Did flowering plants exist in the Jurassic period?
eLife, 7: e43421.
"... we infer that Nanjinganthus shows substantial similarity to predicted models of ancestral characters and Early Cretaceous angiosperms, so the evidence suggests that it is a Jurassic flowering plant. ..."
V. Vajda et al. (2016):
vegetation as a response to Jurassic volcanism in southern Sweden. In PDF,
from: Kear, B. P., Lindgren, J., Hurum, J. H., Milàn, J. & Vajda, V. (eds): Mesozoic Biotas of Scandinavia
and its Arctic Territories. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 434.
PDF page 17 shows a reconstruction of a volcanic landscape in central Skåne during the late Early Jurassic, with deposition of pyroclastic and lahar sediments and fossilization of autochthonous and allochthonous plant material.
V. Vajda and S. Turner (2009):
Jurassic: In the forefront of science outreach. PDF file,
GFF, 131: 1-3.
See fig. 1: Mid Jurassic terrestrial landscape with Australian flora.
Now recovered from the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert et al. (2018): Phialopteris heterophylla (Sternberg ex Göppert, 1836) comb. nov., A rare schizaeaceous fern from the Early Jurassic of Bavaria. In PDF, Fossil Imprint, 74: 55–64. See also here.
! Johanna H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2008):
The Jurassic fossil plant record
of the UK area. PDF file,
Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 119: 59-72.
! See fig. 6: how to distinguish bennettialean leaf shapes!
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Yongdong Wang et al. (2014): The discovery of Jurassic plants in Shenzhen of Guangdong, southern China and related significance. In PDF, Chin. Sci. Bull., 59: 3630-3637.
Yongdong Wang et al. (2009): Starting on PDF page 13,
and palaeoclimatic implications of
fossil wood from the non-marine Jurassic of China. PDF file,
The link is to a version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Z. Wang et al. (2017): A New Species of Ginkgo with Male Cones and Pollen Grains in situ from the Middle Jurassic of Eastern Xinjiang, China. In PDF.
X. Wang et al. (2007): Schmeissneria: A missing link to angiosperms? Open access, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7.
Jian-Wei Zhang et al. (2012): A new species of the extinct genus Austrohamia (Cupressaceae s.l.) in the Daohugou Jurassic flora of China and its phytogeographical implications. In PDF, Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 50: 72-82. See also here (abstract).
M. Zhao et al. (2015): Anomozamites (Bennettitales) from Middle Jurassic Haifanggou Formation, western Liaoning, China. In PDF, Global Geology.
A. Zigno (1868):
Flora fossilis formationis oolithicae
(= Le piante fossili dell' Oolite /descritte ed illustrate dal barone Achille de Zigno). In PDF.
Padova, Tipografia del Seminario, 1856-1885. See also
(Google books) and
! there (in PDF).
H. Zoller (1968):
of palaeobotany and palynology in Switzerland Abstract,
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 7: 81-98.
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