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Abscission and Tissue Separation in Fossil and Extant Plants@
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Tertiary Palaeobotany

H.J.B. Birks and W. Tinner (2016): Past forests of Europe. In PDF, European Atlas of Forest Tree Species.

J. Blanchard et al. (2016): Fruits, seeds and flowers from the Bovay and Bolden clay pits (early Eocene Tallahatta Formation, Claiborne Group), northern Mississippi, USA. In PDF, Palaeontologia Electronica. See also here.

Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO: Web-based instruction. Annotated links to information on using the web to teach. Go to: CzPaleobotany. Go to: Cenozoic Elevation of the Rocky Mountains, Paleobotanical Methods. About fossil classification (nearest living relative, physiognomy and CLAMP) and climate and elevation analysis.

M. Brea et al. (2015): Reconstruction of a fossil forest reveals details of the palaeoecology, palaeoenvironments and climatic conditions in the late Oligocene of South America. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 418: 19-42.

R.J. Burnham and K.R. Johnson (2004): South American palaeobotany and the origins of neotropical rainforests. In PDF, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B 359: 1595-1610.

C.J. Cleal & B.A. Thomas, Geological Conservation Review Series (GCR), Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC).
Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
The JNCC is the UK government´s wildlife adviser, undertaking national and international conservation work on behalf of the three country nature conservation agencies English Nature, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Countryside Council for Wales. Go to: Introduction to the Mesozoic and Tertiary palaeobotany of Great Britain, and List of Sites. PDF files.

! M.E. Collinson (2002): The ecology of Cainozoic ferns. In PDF, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.

! Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Denver, Colorado: DMNS Paleobotany Collection. This website contains over 1000 images of fossil plants spanning the late Cretaceous through early Eocene from the Western Interior of North America. Go to: Identification Flow Chart, or start with Morphotype a Flora. A guide to morphotyping (or binning) a fossil flora step-by-step.

! Erling Dorf (project continued by the Yale Peabody Museum’s Division of Paleobotany; electronic release 1.0, Jan 11, 2006 by L.J. Hickey, L.S. Klise, and W.A. Green): The Compendium Index of North American Mesozoic and Cenozoic Type Fossil Plants (PDF files). This card catalog contains illustrations and descriptions of fossil plant species. Based on variables such as leaf shape and major venation type these cards are arranged into sets of numbered morphological categories. It presently covers fossil floras from North America, including Greenland, starting in the Triassic and extending to the Pleistocene. Over 93 references have been added in the last 20 years, and the Compendium Index has grown from 10,000 cards to approximately 20,000 cards, with 9,881 entries from 235 references dating from 1866 to 2003. Freely distributable for non-commercial purposes.
Table of contents:
README.txt---this file, containing license and general information
CI.csv, CI.xls---the data files in tab-delimited text format and Excel (.xls) format
CI.txt---an ascii file giving the database structure
CICflat_key.pdf---a flat description of the Compendium Index Categories that originally appeared in Leaf Architecture Working Group (1999)
CICthumbnails.pdf---small illustrations of the Compendium Index Categories that originally appeared in Leaf Architecture Working Group (1999)
CICdichotomous_key.pdf---a dichotomous key to the Compendium Index Categories that appears here and in Green and Hickey (in press)
age_codes.pdf---a key to the age codes used in the database
references.pdf---an alphabetical list of the publications cited in the database
CICeps.tar.gz---a gzipped tar archive with high-quality eps representing Compendium Index Cateogries 100--155. A future release will include all the images shown as thumbnails in CICthumbnails.pdf

M. Eberlein (2015): Bestimmungs- und Verbreitungsatlas der Tertiärflora Sachsens – Angiospermenblätter und Ginkgo. PDF file (in German). Thesis, University of Dresden. First part of a reference book of the Tertiary flora of Saxony. See also here (abstract).

Beth Ellis et al. (2009): Manual of Leaf Architecture. Book announcement.
! See also here.

B. Erdei and S.R. Manchester (2015): Ctenis clarnoensis sp. n., an Unusual Cycadalean Foliage from the Eocene Clarno Formation, Oregon. In PDF, Int. J. Plant Sci., 176: 1–43. Evidence is weak for tropical rainforest 65 million years ago in Africa´s low-latitudes. Results of Bonnie F. Jacobs at Southern Methodist University in Dallas. See also: here (the scarcity of paleobotanical sites in Africa), and there.

David K. Ferguson et al. (2009): The taphonomy of a remarkable leaf bed assemblage from the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene Gore Lignite Measures, southern New Zealand. PDF file, International Journal of Coal Geology.
Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Jane E. Francis and Imogen Poole (2002): Cretaceous and early Tertiary climates of Antarctica: evidence from fossil wood. PDF file, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 182: 47-64.

Maria A. Gandolfo-Nixon, The Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Herbarium (BH) at Cornell University: Patagonian Paleofloras.

David R. Greenwood et al. (2009): Arctic Paleogene forests and climates. PDF file, Greenhouse Earth symposium, GNS New Zealand, Wellington.

G.L. Hoffman (2002): Paleobotany and paleoecology of the Joffre Bridge Roadcut locality (Paleocene), Red Deer, Alberta. 2nd edition. M.Sc. thesis (in PDF), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta.

P. Jardine (2011): The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. In PDF, Palaeontology Online. See also here.

Kenneth G. Karol, Richard M. McCourt, Matthew T. Cimino, and Charles F. Delwiche, Science Magazine: The Closest Living Relatives of Land Plants. This analysis supports the hypothesis that the land plants are placed phylogenetically within the Charophyta, identifies the Charales (stoneworts) as the closest living relatives of plants.

A.A. Klymiuk et al. (2016): Mesozoic and Cenozoic plant evolution and biotic change: Introduction and dedication. In PDF, Botany, 94. See also here and there (table of contents).

! S. Magallón (2009): Flowering plants (Magnoliophyta). PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).

D.H. Mai (2007): The floral change in the Tertiary of the Rhön mountains (Germany). In PDF, Acta Palaeobotanica, 47: 135–143.

! V. Mosbrugger et al. (2005): Cenozoic continental climatic evolution of Central Europe. PDF file, PNAS, 102: 14964-14969. See also here.

T.A. Ohsawa et al. (2016): Araucarian leaves and cone scales from the Loreto Formation of Río de Las Minas, Magellan Region, Chile. In PDF, Botany, 94: 805–815. See also here.

K.P. Pigg and M.L. DeVore (2010): Floristic composition and variation in late Paleocene to early Eocene floras in North America. Bulletin of Geosciences, 85: 135-154.

J. Sakala (2004): The "Whole-Plant" concept in palaeobotany with examples from the Tertiary of northwestern Bohemia, Czech Republic with particular reference to fossil wood. PDF file (12.8 MB), Doctoral Thesis. Further papers included:
Starting on PDF page 17: J. Sakala (2003): Podocarpoxylon helmstedtianum GOTTWALD from Kuklin (Late Eocene, Czech Republic) reinterpreted as Tetraclinoxylon vulcanense PRIVÉ Feddes Repertorium, 114: 25-29.
Starting on PDF page 25: J. Sakala and Catherine Privé-Gill(2004): Oligocene angiosperm woods from Northwestern Bohemia, Czech Republic. IAWA Journal, 25: 369-380.
Starting on PDF page 56: Z. Kvacek and J. Sakala (1999): Twig with attached leaves, fruits and seeds of Decodon (Lythraceae) from the Lower Miocene of northern Bohemia, and implications for the identification of detached leaves and seeds. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 107: 201-222.

! A.E. Zanne et al. (2014): Three keys to the radiation of angiosperms into freezing environments. In PDF, Nature. Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

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This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
Last updated February 14, 2017