Charcoal & Coal Petrology /
Wildfire and Present Day Fire Ecology
Teaching Documents about Ecology@
! The Rise of Oxygen and the Global Carbon Cycle@
! Modern Day Ecosystem Recovery@
! Stress Conditions in Recent and Fossil Plants@
! A.M.B. Abu Hamad et al. (2012): The record of Triassic charcoal and other evidence for palaeo-wildfires: Signal for atmospheric oxygen levels, taphonomic biases or lack of fuel? In PDF. See also here (abstract).
! C.M. Belcher et al. (2010): Baseline intrinsic flammability of Earth´s ecosystems estimated from paleoatmospheric oxygen over the past 350 million years. In PDF, PNAS, 107.
C.M. Belcher et al. (2010): Burning Questions - how state of the art fire safety techniques can be applied to answer major questions in the Earth Sciences. In PDF. See also here (the slides), and there (Linklist: Fire Safety Engineering in the UK: The State of the Art. University of Edinburgh).
C. M. Belcher, M. E. Collinson, P. Finch and A. C. Scott (Palaeontological Association Annual Meeting Lille, 2004): Assessing the Evidence for Extensive Wildfires at the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary. Abstract, PDF file, scroll down to page 2.
bigchalk: HIGH SCHOOL & BEYOND > Science > Earth Sciences > Environmental Studies > Wildfires.
W.J. Bond et al. (2005): The global distribution of ecosystems in a world without fire. PDF file, New Phytologist, 165: 525-538.
Kevin Bonsor, howstuffworks: How Wildfires Work.
! David M.J.S. Bowman et al. (2009): Fire in the Earth System. PDF file, Science, 324: 481-484. See also here (abstract).
! Walter L. Cressler (2001): Evidence of Earliest Known Wildfires. Abstract, PALAIOS, 16: 171-174.
Discovery Online: Wildfire. Fire facts.
The Ecological Society of America (ESA):
ESA, a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization of scientists promote ecological science by improving communication among ecologists. Fact Sheets. Go to:
! Fire Ecology (In PDF).
Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham,
Surrey, UK: Research activities,
History and impact of fire: Pre-Quaternary, and
History and impact of fire: Recent.
! H.J. Falcon-Lang et al. (2001): Fire-prone plant communities and palaeoclimate of a Late Cretaceous fluvial to estuarine environment, Pecínov quarry, Czech Republic. PDF file, Geol. Mag., 138: 563-576.
! Fire Effects Information System (FEIS), USDA Forest Service: FEIS summarizes and synthesizes research about living organisms in the United States — their biology, ecology, and relationship to fire. Go to: Plant Species Life Form. Up-to-date information about fire effects on plants.
M. Flannigan et al. (1998): Fire Weather: Past, Present and Future. PDF file.
Gill, A.M., Moore, P.H.R. and Martin, W.K. (1994), NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville: Bibliography of Fire Ecology in Australia. Including fire science and fire management.
GEsource (GEsource is managed by CALIM, the Consortium of Academic Libraries in Manchester, which comprises: the John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Manchester Metropolitan University Library, UMIST Library, University of Salford Library, and Manchester Business School Library). This is a free online catalogue of high quality Internet resources in geography and environmental science. See and navigate from here. Resources are selected, catalogued and indexed by researchers and other specialists in their respective fields. Go to: Wildfires.
Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC). The Global Fire Monitoring Center monitors, forecasts and archives information on vegetation fires (forest fires, land-use fires, smoke pollution) at global level.
Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) / Fire Ecology Research Group, Missoula, Montana: Preliminary Bibliography. The GFMC provides the bibliography index of literature on fire and related disciplines and studies (by J.G. Goldammer, H. Page and V.V. Furyaev). These lists are taken from monographs and other publications prepared by the Fire Ecology Research Group over the last years.
Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) Fire Ecology Research Group Freiburg, Germany. Go to: Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia, Forest Fires in Boreal Ecosystems: History and Patterns. A bibliography.
Science > Biology > Ecology > Fire Ecology.
Science > Earth Sciences > Natural Disasters and Hazards > Wildfires.
Link directories, with ratings (Google page rank).
Douglas J. Hallett and Robert C. Walker (2000): Paleoecology and its application to fire and vegetation management in Kootenay National Park, British Columbia. PDF file, Journal of Paleolimnology, 24: 401-414.
Ben Harder, Science News Online: Wildfire Below: Smoldering peat disgorges huge volumes of carbon.
Christoph Hartkopf-Fröder, Geologischer Dienst Nordrhein-Westfalen, Krefeld: Das Erbe des Feuers: Was sagen schwarze Steine über die Umwelt der letzten 360 Millionen Jahre? PDF file, in German.
International Association of Wildland Fire. The International Association of Wildland Fire is a not-for-profit organization whose mission is to facilitate communication in the global wildland fire community.
! J.E. Keeley et al. (2011): Fire as an evolutionary pressure shaping plant traits. PDF file, Trends in Plant Science, 16.
Bruce M. Kilgore, Professional Support, Western Regional Office, National Park Service, San Francisco: The Ecological Role of Fire in Sierran Conifer Forests Its Application to National Park Management.
! Ann G. Kim (2010): 1.1. The Formation of Coal. PDF file, in: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective. Edited by Glenn B. Stracher, Anupma Prakash and Ellina V. Sokol (Elsevier).
B.B. Lamont and T. He (2012): Fire-adapted Gondwanan Angiosperm floras evolved in the Cretaceous. In PDF, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12. See also here.
C.P.S. Larsen, findarticles.com., from Ecology, January 01 1998: An 840-year record of fire and vegetation in a boreal white spruce forest.
David W. Lee, Florida International University: The Tallest, Biggest and Oldest Trees. This web page presents a pictorial field trip from the Pacific coast of California to the Great Basin in search of the biggest, tallest, oldest trees. Go to: Wind-blown and fire-damaged trunk.
Colin J. Long et al. (2010): The effects of fire and tephra deposition on forest vegetation in the Central Cascades, Oregon. PDF file, Quaternary Research.
Cindy V. Looy (2013): Natural history of a plant trait: branch-system abscission in Paleozoic conifers and its environmental, autecological, and ecosystem implications in a fire-prone world no access. Abstract, Paleobiology, 39: 235-252.
L. Marynowskia et al. (2010): First multi-proxy record of Jurassic wildfires from Gondwana: Evidence from the Middle Jurassic of the Neuquén Basin, Argentina. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.
Thomas Meixner and Peter M. Wohlgemuth: Climate Variability, Fire, Vegetation Recovery, and Watershed Hydrology. PDF file.
Department of Sustainability and Environment (DSE), The State of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia: Information resources: Fire Ecology. A link list of fire ecology articles (in PDF).
R. Moench and J. Fusaro, Colorado State University: Soil Erosion Control after Wildfire.
! NASA, Earth Observatory. The purpose of NASA's Earth Observatory is to provide a freely-accessible publication on the Internet where the public can obtain new satellite imagery and scientific information about our home planet. The focus is on Earth's climate and environmental change. By activating the glossary mode, you can view each page with special terms highlighted that, when selected, will take you to the appropriate entry in the glossary. Use the full-text search engine, or go to: Global Fire Monitoring. See also datasets and images about: 1 km2 fires, and 4 km2 fires, Excellent!
! National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Washington, DC: NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in Earth’s environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources. Go to: International Multiproxy Paleofire Database.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Washington, DC.
NOAA Paleoclimatology operate the World Data Center for Paleoclimatology which distributes data
contributed by scientists around the world. Paleo data come
from natural sources such as tree rings, ice cores, corals, and ocean and lake sediments,
and extend the archive of climate back hundreds to millions of years. Go to:
International Multiproxy Paleofire Database (IMPD). The IMPD is an archive of fire history data derived from natural proxies (including data from tree scars and charcoal in sediment records).
! J.G. Pausas and B. Moreira (2012): Flammability as a biological concept. In PDF, New Phytologist, 194: 610-613.
! J.G. Pausas and D. Schwilk (2012): Fire and plant evolution. In PDF, New Phytologist, 193: 301-303. See also here.
! J.G. Pausas and J.E. Keeley (2009): A burning story: the role of fire in the history of life. PDF file, BioScience, 59: 593-601.
J.G. Pausas and M. Verdú (2005): Plant persistence traits in fire-prone ecosystems of the Mediterranean basin: a phylogenetic approach. In PDF, Oikos, 109: 196-202.
H.I. Petersen and S. Lindström (2012): Synchronous Wildfire Activity Rise and Mire Deforestation at the Triassic-Jurassic Boundary. In PDF.
! M.K. Putz and E.L. Taylor (1996): Wound response in fossil trees from Antarctica and its potential as a paleoenvironmental indicator. PDF file, IAWA Journal, Vol. 17.
Stephen J. Pyne, findarticles.com., from Whole Earth, December 22 1999: The Long Burn.(history of fire ecology).
Paul Rincon, BBC News Online: Fossils reveal oldest wildfire.
D.W. Schwilk (2002): Plant evolution in fire-prone environments. In PDF, Thesis, Biological Sciences, Stanford University.
Andrew C. Scott and Ian J. Glasspool (2006): The diversification of Paleozoic fire systems and fluctuations in atmospheric oxygen concentration. PDF file, PNAS, 103: 10861-10865. See also here.
Andrew C Scott, Research Group in Plant Palaeobiology, Applied Palaeobotany, Palynology and the Study of Fossil Fuels, Geology Department, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey: History and impact of fire: Pre-Quaternary.
Wenjie Shen et al. (2011): Evidence for wildfire in the Meishan section and implications for Permian-Triassic events. PDF file, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75: 1992-2006.
! Shu-zhong Shen et al. (2011): Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction. In PDF, Science, 334. See also here (abstract).
Tall Timbers Research Station: E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database. Use this database as a unique resource for locating a broad range of fire-related information. Literature on control of wildfires as well as applications of prescribed burning is included.
Tall Timbers Research Station: Thesaurus. This thesaurus is a list of words and phrases used to describe the topics of the citations in the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Database.
! D. Uhl et al. (2008): Permian and Triassic wildfires and atmospheric oxygen levels. PDF file.
University World News (August 08, 2010): New technique estimates past oxygen levels.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory: Fire Effects Information System (FEIS). FEIS provides up-to-date information about fire effects on plants and animals. The database contains synoptic descriptions, taken from current English-language literature of almost 900 plant species and about 100 animal species on the North American continent. The emphasis of each synopsis is fire and how it affects each species.
U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior, Reston, VA: Wildfires.
Lluís Vilar, Universitat de Girona: The effect of fire on flora and vegetation.
S.I. Vogel et al. (2011): The Effects of Fire on Lycopodium digitatum strobili. In PDF, Jeffersoniana, 27: 1-9.
Christine M. Williams, Geological Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI: Late Glacial Fire History of the Heal Lake Area Using Charred Partical Analysis.
YAHOO: Science > Earth Sciences > Meteorology > Weather Phenomena > Fires, and Science > Ecology > Fire Ecology.
K.E. ZEIGLER, A.B. HECKERT, and S.G. LUCAS:
Taphonomic analysis of a fire-related Upper Triassic
vertebrate fossil assemblage from north-central New Mexico. PDF file;
New Mexico Geological Society, 56th Field Conference Guidebook, Geology of
the Chama Basin, 2005, p.341-351.
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