Preservation & Taphonomy /
Wound Response in Trees
Taphonomy in General
Plant Fossil Preservation and Plant Taphonomy
Collecting Bias: Our Incomplete Picture of the Past Vegetation
Abscission and Tissue Separation in Fossil and Extant Plants
Pith Cast and "in situ" Preservation
Three-Dimensionally Preserved Plant Compression Fossils
Permineralized Plants and the Process of Permineralization
Bacterial Biofilms (Microbial Mats)
Upland and Hinterland Floras
Log Jams and Driftwood Accumulations
Leaf Litter and Plant Debris
Fungal Wood Decay: Evidence from the Fossil Record
! Lightning Strikes@
! Overviews of Plant Fossil Lagerstätten and Their Palaeoenvironments@
X-ray and Tomography@
Teaching Documents about Plant Anatomy@
A. Bär et al. (2019): Fire effects on tree physiology. Free access, New Phytologist, 223: 1728–1741.
A.R. Biggs (1985): Suberized boundary zones and the chronology of wound response in tree bark. In PDF, Phytopathology, 75: 1191-1195.
B.A. Byers et al. (2020): Fire-scarred fossil tree from the Late Triassic shows a pre-fire drought signal. Free access, Scientific Reports, 10.
B.A. Byers et al. (2014): First known fire scar on a fossil tree trunk provides evidence of Late Triassic wildfire. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 411: 180-187. See also here.
A.L. Decombeix et al. (2022):
in fossil plants: New data from a Mississippian tree, with a review of
previous records. In Pdf,
Botany Letters, 169: 1-17.
See also here and there.
Note figure 1: Schematic representation of tylosis formation seen in transverse and longitudinal sections.
Figure 4: Tyloses in extant and extinct vascular plants.
Laboratory of Tree-Ring Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville:
Lectures in Dendrochronology.
Go to: History of Dendrochronology.
These expired links are now available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. See especially:
! Tree Rings and Fire History.
L. Luthardt et al. (2018):
growth disturbances in an early Permian calamitalean – traces of a lightning strike?
In PDF, Palaeontographica Abteilung B, 298: 1-22.
See also here.
! "... The special injury of the calamitalean described herein [...] exhibits an elongated to triangular shape, a central furrow, a scar-associated event ring of collapsed to distorted tracheids, and was ultimately overgrown by callus parenchyma. We suggest that this scar most likely was caused by a lightning strike ..."
C. Mays et al. (2022):
burnout: The role of Permian–Triassic wildfires in extinction, carbon cycling, and environmental
change in eastern Gondwana. In PDF,
Palaios, 37: 292–317.
See also here.
! Note figure 14: Artist’s reconstruction of the humid temperate but fire-adapted glossopterid biome during the end-Permian extinction interval (c. 252.1 Ma). Note the vegetative regeneration along the scorched trunks of the canopy-forming Glossopteris.
"... we conclude that elevated wildfire frequency was a short-lived phenomenon; recurrent wildfire events were unlikely to be the direct cause of the subsequent long-term absence of peat-forming wetland vegetation, and the associated ‘coal gap’ of the Early Triassic. ..."
! M.K. Putz and E.L. Taylor (1996): Wound response in fossil trees from Antarctica and its potential as a paleoenvironmental indicator. PDF file, IAWA Journal, 17: 77-88. See also here.
F.H. Schweingruber and A. Börner (2018):
The Plant Stem
A Microscopic Aspect. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Open access! Excellent!
! Worth checking out: chapter 10.6 (starting on PDF page 161): Cambial wounding – Callus formation, overgrowing of wounds.
J.E. Sáenz-Ceja et al. (2022): Fire scar characteristics in two tropical montane conifer species from central Mexico. Open access, International Journal of Wildland Fire.
K.T. Smith et al. (2016):
and compartmentalization of recent fire scars
in three North American conifers. In PDF,
Can. J. For. Res., 46: 535–542. See also
"... The terminology presented here should facilitate communication among tree pathologists, wound anatomists, and dendrochronologists. ..."
M. Stoffel et al. (2019): Tree-ring correlations suggest links between moderate earthquakes and distant rockfalls in the Patagonian Cordillera. Open access, Scientific Reports.
! M. Stoffel and C. Corona (2014): Dendroecological dating of geomorphic disturbance in trees. In PDF, Tree-Ring Research 70: 3-20. See also here.
M. Stoffel and M. Klinkmüller (2013): 3D analysis of anatomical reactions in conifers after mechanical wounding: first qualitative insights from X-ray computed tomography. In PDF, Trees - Structure and Function, 27: 1805-1811. See also here.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Verthyllung (in German).
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