Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials /
Teaching Documents about Plant Anatomy
Teaching Documents about Palaeobotany
Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa
Teaching Documents about Palynology and Palynofacies
What is Palaeontology or Palaeobiology?
Teaching Documents about Palaeontology and Palaeoecology
Teaching Documents about Ichnology
Teaching Documents about Ecology
Teaching Documents about Taphonomy
Teaching Documents about Wood Anatomy and Tree-Ring Research
Teaching Documents about Botany
Teaching Documents about Biology
Teaching Documents about Evolution
Teaching Documents about Mass Extinction
Teaching Documents about Classification and Nomenclature
Teaching Documents about Cladistics and Phylogeny
Teaching Documents about Palaeogeography
Teaching Documents about Palaeoclimate
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods
Introductions to Statistics
Meta Indexes of Online Education
Virtual Field Trips
! Plant Anatomy@
! Stomatal Density@
! Wound Response in Trees@
! Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa@
! Charles B. Beck (2009): An Introduction to Plant Structure and Development: Plant Anatomy for the Twenty-First Century. Provided by Google books (limited preview), see also here (book announcement).
Ernst-Georg Beck, Zentrale für Unterrichtswesen: Biokurs 2001 (in German). Go to: Pflanzenanatomie und Photosynthese.
Dale Benham, Nebraska Wesleyn University: Plant Anatomy Study - Interactive Version. Four lessons (Cell Types, Meristems, Plant Organs and Tissues) are available here for study. See also: The Plant Anatomy Archive.
Dale Benham, Nebraska Wesleyn University: Angiosperm Reproduction.
! Alice Bergfeld (the English editor), Rolf Bergmann, University of Hamburg, and Peter v. Sengbusch, University of Bielefeld and Institut für Allgemeine Botanik, University of Hamburg: BOTANY Online - The Internet Hypertextbook. Botany online is based on the textbook "Botanik" by Peter von Sengbusch (Mc Graw Hill Book Company, 1989). Still available via Internet Archive Wayback Machine.
Karen Bledsoe, Western Oregon University, Monmouth OR: Plant anatomy (in PDF), and Plant Anatomy: Plant Tissues. Powerpoint presentation.
! The Botanical Society of America: Online Image Collection. This is a collection of approximately 800 images available for instructional use. Currently, there are 14 collections of images: Plant Geography, Plant Morphology, Phloem Development, Xylem Development, Floral Ontogeny, Lichens, Economic Botany, Carnivorous Plants, Organography, Pollen, Paleobotany, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Plant Anatomy, and Cellular Communication Channels. Excellent!
Nathan Bushman, Lehi, Utah (Lehi FFA Homepage): Biology Agriculture. A broad range of biology topics. Go to: Plant Anatomy and Physiology. Easy to understand Powerpoint presentation.
! Curtis Clark, Biological Sciences Department California State Polytechnic University, Pomona: Plant Morphology. Resources, PDF files.
Michael Clayton, Department of Botany,
University of Wisconsin, Madison:
Some image collections. Go to:
Botany. See also:
Wood, Secondary Growth.
Richard Crang, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Andrey Vassilyev, St. Petersburg State University, Russia (McGraw-Hill Higher Education): Plant Anatomy. A website that supports the Electronic Plant Anatomy CD-ROM. An instructor view provides links to dynamic cartoons viewable using the Macromedia Flash Player.
! John D. Curtis, Biology Department, University of Wisconsin; Nels R. Lersten, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, and Michael D. Nowak, Biology Department, University of Wisconsin: Photographic Atlas of Plant Anatomy.
David F. Cutler, Ted Botha and Dennis Wm. Stevenson:
anatomy: an applied approach. Provided by Google books. See also
(Wiley). See also:
Morphology and tissue systems: the integrated plant body (in PDF).
Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc.: Scientific stock photography library. Light microscope pictures and electron microscopy images featuring science and biomedical microscopy photos. Go to Algae, Fungi, and Plants.
D.L. Dilcher (1991): The importance of anatomy and whole plant reconstructions in palaeobotany. PDF file, Current Science 61: 627-629.
Ray F. Evert and Susan E. Eichhorn: Esau´s Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their Structure, Function, and Development. Provided by Google books. See also here (Amazon).
M.J. Farabee, Estrella Mountain Community College, Phoenix, Arizona:
! On-Line Biology Book. Table of Contents. Introductory biology lecture notes. Go to:
! Plants and their structure.
! Plants and their Structure II.
E. Iglich, McDaniel College, Westminster, Maryland, USA: Images of Leaves, Stem, Root and Woody Tissues.
Johnny M. Jessup (Hobbton FFA): Plant Anatomy and Physiology. Powerpoint presentation.
! Li Wenyan & Lu Dadao (1998): Atlas of Fossil Plant Anatomy in China. 390 pages. Provided by VSP through the Google Books Partner Program. Registration procedure required. Use "More results from this book" or "Search this book" to navigate. Unfortunately, you can view two pages around your search result, but you can search again! Use Google Book Search to search the full text of books.
James D. Mauseth, Integrative Biology, University of Texas: Plant Anatomy Laboratory: Micrographs of plant cells and tissues. With explanatory text.
Edgar Moctezuma, University of Maryland: Plant anatomy and physiology. Powerpoint presentation. See also here and there.
Plant´s Tissue Systems.
Systems in Plants.
PageWise: Methods in Plant Histology. PageWise publishes articles on the internet, making them available to everyone. Book extract (published early in the 1900s), without images.
Kathleen B. Pigg, Department of Plant Biology, Arizona State University, Tempe: Plant Anatomy. Chiefly typifying microphotographs, illustrating the basic structure, organization and development of vascular land plants.
! Plant Ontology Consortium (POC).
The main objective of the POC is to develop, curate and
share controlled vocabularies (ontologies) that describe plant structures and growth and developmental stages,
providing a semantic framework for meaningful cross-species queries across databases. Go to:
Search, or visit the
Plant Ontology Tutorials (Quicktime movies or Powerpoint slides).
! Alison Roberts,
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI:
Plant Anatomy BIO 311.
To view photomicrographs of plant anatomy slides, visit the
review slides section.
! Don´t miss the Glossary.
These expired links are available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Gar W. Rothwell, Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University, Athens, OH:
Vascular Plant Morphology.
This course covers the structure, development, reproductive biology and relationships of vascular plants.
The course is structured to emphasize the evolutionary changes that led to the diversity of modern tracheophytes. Go to:
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Paul Schulte, University of Nevada, Las Vegas: Atlas of Plant Anatomy. Light microscopic images of cells and tissues, roots, stems, leaves, apical meristems, and reproductive structures.
F.H. Schweingruber and A. Börner (2018):
The Plant Stem
A Microscopic Aspect. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Open access! Excellent!
Jeff Snyder, Department of Biology, Western Oregon University: Plant Anatomy and Nutrient Transport. Powerpoint presentation.
TutorVista.com. TutorVista provides online tutoring to students across the world. Go to: Plant Anatomy.
School of Integrative Biology, School of Molecular & Cellular Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign: Life Sciences. Courses with web-based info (lecture notes, exams, quizzes, links, lab exercises): life sciences, biophysics, cell and structural biology, cell and structural biology, ecology, ethology and evolution, entomology, microbiology, molecular and integrative physiology, plant biology.
An Online Textbook Of Natural History (Wayne P. Armstrong, alias Mr. Wolffia, Palomar College):
The Anatomy Of Wood. Easy to understand website, general macroscopic and microscopic features.
Biology and Botany, Stem and Root Anatomy. Cellular structure of vascular plants.
A.C. Wiedenhoeft and R.B. Miller (2005):
and function of wood. In PDF, Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites, Boca Raton, Fla.
(CRC Press), pages 9-33.
An extended description of the microscopic structure of soft- and hardwoods, e.g. tracheids, rays, vessels, pits, growth rings, etc. See also here. (abstract).
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
! Plant anatomy.
! Category:Plant anatomy.
Phytotomie (in German).
Laurence D. Zuckerman, Omar Alvarado, and Michael W. Davidson
(© by Michael W. Davidson and The Florida State University): Molecular Expressions,
The Tree Collection.
An image gallery of cross, radial, and tangential sections.
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Links for Palaeobotanists
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