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Introductions to Statistics
Meta Indexes of Online Education
Virtual Field Trips
Geologic Time Scale@
! Evolution Sciences versus Doctrines of Creationism and Intelligent Design@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Geology@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Palaeontology@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Chemistry and Geochemistry@
Homepages of Triassic Workers@
About.com: Dating Archaeological Sites and Artifacts. An annotated link list.
Michael Benton, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, UK: Accuracy of Fossils and Dating Methods (an ActionBioscience.org original interview, American Institute of Biological Sciences).
Marshall Brain, HowStuffWorks, Inc.: How Carbon-14 Dating Works.
Rick Cheel, Department of Earth Sciences, Brock University: Geologic Time and Historical Geology and the history of the continents. Powerpoint presentations.
Jeff Crabaugh (University of Wyoming), The Science Education Resource Center (SERC), Carleton College: Teaching Geoscience with Visualizations: Using Images, Animations, and Models Effectively, Radioactive Decay and Absolute Age Determinations. This web page provides access to a number of visualizations and supporting material illustrating the concept of radioactive decay and its central role in radiometric dating. Visualizations include cross-linked series of diagrams, static illustrations, and photos.
Deborah Freile, New Jersey City University:
Geology. An investigative course of geological and biological aspects of Earth History
as developed through the use of fossil evidence and the principles of stratigraphy,
geochronology, and the geology of structures.
PowerPoint slides for lecture, e.g.:
Earth Science Australia: Geological time.
Richard B. Firestone, Ernest O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, and Justin Matis, The Berkeley Laboratory Isotopes Project. Information about the Periodic Table of the Isotopes. Go to: Nuclear Science Glossary. This glossary focus on radioactive decay.
L. Immoor, Geoteach.Com. Introductions to Earth Science, Graphs and Equations. square. Scroll down to: Geologic Time and Dating of Rocks.
Mark Gregory, Sydney: Carbon 14 Dating Calculator. To find the percent of Carbon 14 remaining after a given number of years, type in the number of years and click on Calculate.
Tom P. Guilderson, Paula J. Reimer, Tom A. Brown: The Boon and Bane of Radiocarbon Dating. Abstract, Science, Vol 307, Issue 5708, 362-364; 2005.
Richard Harter, The Talk.Origins Archive: Changing Views of the History of the Earth. This web site gives a summary of the way scientists have determined the age of the Earth.
Tom Higham, Radiocarbon Laboratory, University of Waikato, New Zealand: The Radiocarbon WEB-Info. This resource is designed to provide online information concerning the radiocarbon dating method. Radiocarbon dating is the technique upon which chronologies of the late Pleistocene and Holocene have been built.
J. Hill and K. Davis, Geology Rocks: Geological Time.
Eduardo A.M. Koutsoukos (2007):
Evolution of a Concept. PDF file; In:
Koutsoukos, Eduardo A.M. (ed.)
Stratigraphy. Series: Topics in Geobiology, Vol. 23.
See also here (in PDF) and there (Google books).
Vanessa LeBeau, larsonjewelers.com: Earth Science Guide to Fossil Dating. A link directory.
Justin Matis and Richard B. Firestone, Ernest O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley: Glossary of Nuclear Terms. With animated images to illustrate the nuclear decay.
Andrew MacRae, The Talk.Origins Archive: Radiometric Dating and the Geological Time Scale. Circular Reasoning or Reliable Tools? This website discusses the way radiometric dating and stratigraphic principles are used to establish the conventional geological time scale.
Space Physics Research Laboratory, Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor: GLOBAL CHANGE I. The University of Michigan's Global Change Curriculum offers an innovative approach in undergraduate science and social science education as part of the Program in the Environment. In three interdisciplinary, team-taught courses the topic of Global Change from physical and human perspectives are examined. The courses are aimed at first and second year students who want to understand the historical and modern aspects of Global Change. Go to: Clocks in Rocks: Isotopes and the Age of Earth (van der Pluijm).
The University of Michigan:
Global Change, Physical Processes:
Global Change 1 Fall 2011 Schedule . Go to:
! Clocks in Rocks: Isotopes and Age of Earth.
Carl R. Nave, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta: HyperPhysics. HyperPhysics is an exploration environment for concepts in physics which employs concept maps and other linking strategies. Go to: Radioactive Dating, and Radioactive Half-Life. See also: Radioactive Decay Calculation.
William L. Newman, USGS Geologic Information - General Interest Pubs, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey: Geologic Time. This online edition contains chiefly all text from the original book in its entirety.
Nuclear Data Evaluation Lab, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute: Table of Nuclide.
Paul Eric Olsen, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia College of Columbia University (Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory): Unraveling Geological Time. Lecture 2, Online Course EESC V1001, "Dinosaurs and the History of Life".
Dennis O'Neil, Behavioral Sciences Department, Palomar College, San Marcos, California: Record of time. An introduction to the nature of fossils and paleoanthropological dating methods. This site provides information on radiometric dating methods, including a Glossary of Terms.
John Pojeta and Dale A. Springer, American Geological Institute AGI, (in cooperation with the Paleontological Society): Evolution and the Fossil Record. This non-technical introduction to evolution aims to help the general public gain a better understanding of one of the fundamental underlying concepts of modern science. Go to: Dating the Fossil Record.
Radiocarbon. Radiocarbon is the main international journal of record for research articles and date lists relevant to 14C and other radioisotopes and techniques used in archaeological, geophysical, oceanographic and related dating.
R.B. Schultz, Elmhurst College: Geologic Time and Earth History. Powerpoint presentation.
Keith Sircombe (2006): Standardising geochronological data. PDF file, AESC2006, Melbourne, Australia.
UCLA SIMS: U-Pb zircon geochronology. This page provides a short tutorial leading through some steps that are required for obtaining U-Pb zircon ages.
! U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Department of the Interior: Geochronology, Geochemistry and Tracer Studies. The variety of geochronological tools or methods.
U.S. Geological Survey and the National Park Service: USGS Geology in the Parks, What is Geologic Time? See also: Geologic time scale.
Department of Health, Safety and Environment, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC: Radioactive Decay Calculator. This website offers the following features: isotope databank containing the half-life of 116 isotopes; equations for radioactive decay, timed decay, and timed solid disposal. These tools calculate the half-life for selected isotopes; radioactive decay final activity, given the initial activity and decay time; the decay time, given the initial and final activities; and the decay time, given the mass of a solid and the initial activity.
Ben A. van der Pluijm, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI: GLOBAL CHANGE 1, Physical Processes (see also here). Clocks in Rocks: Isotopes and Age of Earth.
Kathie Watson, U.S. Geological Survey: Radiometric Time Scale.
Jennifer M. Wenner, Geology Department, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (website by Digital Library for Earth System Education): How Does Radioactive Decay Work?
! W. White,
Department of Geological Sciences,
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY:
Geo Sci 656 Lecture Notes.
A set of lecture notes for a course in Geochronology, Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry and
Stable Isotope Geochemistry.
You can view and print the
following documents using Adobe Acrobat
Reader. Go to:
Isotope Geochemistry. The lecture note (Adobe Acrobat Reader Version 3) covers the following topics: Nuclear structure and nucleosynthesis and the origin of the elements, geochronology, isotope ratios as natural tracers and stable isotope geochemistry.
See also here
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
List of geochronologic names.
Age of the Earth.
Death starts the stop-watch.
Carbon-14 method, briefly explained.
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