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Home / Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials / Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geologyy


Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology

Categories
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Sequence Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Biostratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Historical Geology
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
! Sequence Stratigraphy@
Sequence Stratigraphy and Facies of the European Keuper@
Homepages of Triassic Workers@
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods@
Maps@
Palaeobotanical Maps@
GIS@
















Home / Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials / Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology / Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy


Categories
Teaching Documents about Sequence Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Biostratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Historical Geology
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
Sequence Stratigraphy@
Sequence Stratigraphy and Facies of the European Keuper@
Homepages of Triassic Workers@
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods@
Maps@
Palaeobotanical Maps@


Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy


F.P. Agterberg and F.M. Gradstein, Oslo, Norway and Ottawa, Canada: RASC & CASC (Ranking and Scaling & Correlation And Standard error Calculation). Tools for biostratigraphic zonation and correlation. See also: The RASC method for ranking and scaling of biostratigraphic events. Earth-Science Reviews 46 1999 1–25.

! Marie-Pierre Aubry and John A. Van Couvering (2007): Buried Time: Chronostratigraphy as a Research Tool. PDF file; In: Koutsoukos, Eduardo A.M. (ed.) Applied Stratigraphy. Series: Topics in Geobiology, Vol. 23.
See also here (in PDF) and there (Google books).

BBC Earth timeline.

CHRONOS (Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa). The CHRONOS System provides a platform for modern, innovative Earth history research, hosts and develops educational resources, and gives access to the general public to new knowledge of Earth science facts and issues. Go to:
CHRONOS System Portal. The portlets and other resources you find here are available and open to the public.

Gary R. Ciszewski, (GNSharkFan), North Tonawanda, NY: Stratigraphy Pathfinder. Bibliographic clues and online resources.

Earth Learning Idea (James Devon, London). Free PDF downloads for Earth-related teaching ideas. Go to:
Laying down the principles (in PDF). Sequencing the events that form rocks through applying stratigraphic principles.

Entrance Software, Houston, TX: BSLS Online 1.0. Biostratigraphic Lithostratigraphic Column Generator. BSLS Online facilitates the construction of biostratigraphic and lithostratigraphic column charts. Free of charge!

Deborah Freile, New Jersey City University: Historical Geology. An investigative course of geological and biological aspects of Earth History as developed through the use of fossil evidence and the principles of stratigraphy, geochronology, and the geology of structures. PowerPoint slides for lecture, e.g.:
Geologic History.
Relative Age.
Absolute Age.

Pamela J. W. Gore, Department of Geology, Georgia Perimeter College, Clarkston, GA: Historical Geology. Online laboratory manual. PDF files.

! F.M. Gradstein and J.G. Ogg (2009): The geological time scale. PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).

Colin Harris, UK: Geology Shop. A link directory (introductory website slow loading), comprising over 70 individual web pages. Go to:
Stratigraphy (Historical geology, History of the Earth, Epochs, Eras, Time zone, Sequence stratigraphy).

Robert Huber, Jens Klump and Stefan Götz, Germany: Stratigraphy.Net. Stratigraphy.Net aims to provide free and open access to geoscientific information and data with special emphasis on the disciplines stratigraphy, paleontology and sedimentology. Go to: News.

The International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS). Go to: Global Boundary Stratotype Sections and Points.

Michael P. Klimetz, Science Department, John Dewey High School, Brooklyn, NY: Web Resource for Students and Teachers. Go to:
Reading the Rocks: Interpreting Earth History from the Geologic Record. Principles and Practices of Stratigraphy.

! Eduardo A.M. Koutsoukos (2007): Stratigraphy: Evolution of a Concept. PDF file; In: Koutsoukos, Eduardo A.M. (ed.) Applied Stratigraphy. Series: Topics in Geobiology, Vol. 23.
See also here (in PDF) and there (Google books).

Reinhold Leinfelder: Bebildertes Stichwort-Manuskript zum Vorlesungsteil 1: Grundlagen und Prinzipien der Historischen Geologie. In German.

Susan E. Lewis, Kristen A. Lampe and Andrew J. Lloyd (an ActionBioscience.org original article): Once in a Million Years: Teaching Geologic Time. Helping students understand the magnitude of geologic time.

LithStrat (supported by the Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften). A lithostratigraphical database. Go to: Richtlinien zur stratigraphischen Nomenklatur. A guide about stratigraphical nomenclature (in German). From Steininger & Piller (1999), Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 209.

! Volker Mosbrugger & Jörg Loeschke, Institut of Geology and Palaeontology, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen (Tübinger Internet MultiMedia Server, timms): Historische Geologie. Video lectures, (in German).

Nearctica: Geology and Geophysics, Stratigraphy. Go to: Some Definitions.

! Robert A. Rohde, International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS): GeoWhen Database. GeoWhen Database is an attempt to sort out the mess that man has made of the geologic timescale. This project aims to reconcile the international stratigraphic standards with many of the regional and archaic naming schemes that appear in the literature. The central stratigraphic classification and dates are based on the 2004 time scale endorsed by the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) and documented in Gradstein, Ogg, Smith, et al., A Geologic Time Scale 2004.

Hartmut Seyfried, Institut für Geologie und Paläontologie, University of Stuttgart, Germany: Online lectures on Sequence stratigraphy Lecture outlines.

! University of South Carolina Sequence Stratigraphy Web. Using a combination of linked text, images, and short movies this page is designed to help users gain an instant understanding of the principles of sequence stratigraphy. Go to: Development of Stratigraphy. An introduction.

! U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA: Geolex. Geolex is a search tool for lithologic and geochronologic unit names.

C. Virgili (2008): The Permian-Triassic transition: Historical review of the most important ecological crises with special emphasis on the Iberian Peninsula and Western-Central Europe. PDF file, Journal of Iberian Geology, 34: 123-158.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Stratigraphy.
Radiometric dating.
Geochronology.
List of geochronologic names.
Age of the Earth.
! Geologic time scale.
Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point.











Home / Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials / Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology / Teaching Documents about Sequence Stratigraphy


Categories
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Biostratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Historical Geology
Sequence Stratigraphy@
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
Sequence Stratigraphy and Facies of the European Keuper@
Homepages of Triassic Workers@
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods@
Maps@
Palaeobotanical Maps@
GIS@


Teaching Documents about Sequence Stratigraphy


Stratigraphy Lab, Department of Geology and Stratigraphy, University of Georgia, Athens, GA: An Online Guide to Sequence Stratigraphy. This online guide is primarily aimed at the application of sequence stratigraphy to outcrops. Perhaps the best way to work through this online guide is to start with accommodation and to continue down the list of topics from there.

J.P. Bhattacharya & H.W. Posamentier (website hosted by Alberta Geological Survey): Geological Atlas of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin, Chapter 25, Sequence Stratigraphy and Allostratigraphic Applications in the Alberta Foreland Basin.

O. Catuneanu (2006): Principles of sequence stratigraphy. Google books.

Jeff Crabaugh (University of Wyoming), The Science Education Resource Center (SERC), Carleton College: Teaching Geoscience with Visualizations: Using Images, Animations, and Models Effectively, Sequence Stratigraphy. Sequence stratigraphy takes a genetic approach to the examination and interpretation of sedimentary strata. This web page investigates the topic of sequence stratigraphy utilizing a combination of linked text, images (stills and animated), and short videos.

Matthias Franz (2008), Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg: Litho- und Leitflächenstratigraphie, Chronostratigraphie, Zyklo- und Sequenzstratigraphie des Keupers im östlichen Zentraleuropäischen Becken (Deutschland, Polen) und Dänischen Becken (Dänemark, Schweden). Thesis, in German. Available in PDF, 39,5 MB.

! Bilal U. Haq et al. (1987): Chronology of fluctuating sea levels since the Triassic. PDF file, Science, 235.

! Steven Holland, UGA Stratigraphy Lab: An Online Guide to Sequence Stratigraphy.

International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS). ICS is the largest scientific body within the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). It is also the only organisation concerned with stratigraphy on a global scale.

Department of Geological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC: USC Sequence Stratigraphy Web. Sequence stratigraphy links to introductory materials on the basics of sequence stratigraphy, chronostratigraphy, seismic sequence stratigraphy, and well log interpretation.

J.W. Mulholland, Thomasson Partner Associates, Denver, Colorado: Sequence stratigraphy: basic elements, concepts, and terminology.

! SEPM's Sequence Stratigraphy Web. Using a combination of linked text, images and short movies, this page is designed to help users gain an instant understanding of the principles of sequence stratigraphy. Go to: Sequence Stratigraphy Terminology.

Hartmut Seyfried, Institut für Geologie und Paläontologie, University of Stuttgart, Germany: Online-Course Stratigraphy. Go to: Online lectures on Sequence stratigraphy. Lecture outlines.

! University of South Carolina Sequence Stratigraphy Web. Using a combination of linked text, images, and short movies this page is designed to help users gain an instant understanding of the principles of sequence stratigraphy. Go to: Development of Stratigraphy. An introduction. See also:
Sequence Stratigraphy Links, and
Sequence Stratigraphy Terminology.

Xrefer: Sequence Stratigraphy. Brief definition.













Home / Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials / Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology / Teaching Documents about Biostratigraphy


Categories
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Sequence Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Historical Geology
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
Sequence Stratigraphy@
Sequence Stratigraphy and Facies of the European Keuper@
Homepages of Triassic Workers@
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods@
Maps@
Palaeobotanical Maps@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Geology@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Palaeontology@


Teaching Documents about Biostratigraphy


Thomas Aigner, Institut of Geology and Palaeontology, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen (Tübinger Internet MultiMedia Server, timms): Vorlesung Regionale Geologie Südwestdeutschlands. Video Lectures (in German).

Michael J. Benton (2010): The origins of modern biodiversity on land. In PDF, Transactions of the Royal Society, B.

Michael Benton, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, UK: Accuracy of Fossils and Dating Methods (an ActionBioscience.org original interview, American Institute of Biological Sciences).

D.E.G. Briggs, W.L. Crepet, D. Goujet, and G. Plodowski, (Paleo21): Systematics - The Sine Qua Non of Paleontology.

! Derek Briggs and Peter Crowther (eds.), Earth Pages, Blackwell Publishing: Paleobiology: A Synthesis (PDF files). Series of concise articles from over 150 leading authorities from around the world. Navigate from the content file. There are no restrictions on downloading this material. Excellent! Worth checking out:
Part 1. Major Events in the History of Life, Pages 1-92.
Part 2. The Evolutionary Process and the Fossil Record, Pages 93-210.
Part 5. Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy, Pages 415-490.
Go to:
Major Events in the History of Life,
The Evolutionary Process and the Fossil Record, and
Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy.

Entrance Software, Houston, TX: BSLS Online 1.0. Biostratigraphic Lithostratigraphic Column Generator. BSLS Online facilitates the construction of biostratigraphic and lithostratigraphic column charts. Free of charge!

Deborah Freile, New Jersey City University: Historical Geology. An investigative course of geological and biological aspects of Earth History as developed through the use of fossil evidence and the principles of stratigraphy, geochronology, and the geology of structures. PowerPoint slides for lecture, e.g.:
Geologic History.
Relative Age.
Absolute Age.

The Field Museum, Chicago: Evolving Planet. Depicting a basic overview, image gallery and evolutionary essentials of geological periods.

Felix M. Gradstein, Museum for Geology and Paleontology, University of Oslo, Norway, and Frits P. Agterberg, Department of Geology, Ottawa University, Canada: RASC & CASC. Tools for biostratigraphic zonation and correlation. RASC is an acronym for ranking and scaling of biostratigraphic events; CASC stands for correlation and standard error calculation.

Jean Guex, Section des Sciences de la Terre, Université de Lausanne Switzerland: The BioGraph software. Free downloads of BioGraph software. BioGraph is a program, designed to aid the biochronological correlation of species by constructing concurrent range zones using a mathematical model. The site includes a reference list for further texts on BioGraph and the modelling system on which it is based.

J&G Consultants, Heemstede, The Netherlands: The use of basic biostratigraphy in different sediment types.

Andrew H. Knoll (2012): Systems paleobiology. Abstract, Geological Society of America Bulletin. See also here (in PDF).

LithStrat (supported by the Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften). A lithostratigraphical database. Go to: Richtlinien zur stratigraphischen Nomenklatur. A guide about stratigraphical nomenclature (in German). From Steininger & Piller (1999), Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 209.

University of London External System, London, UK (This is is a division of the University of London that grants external degrees: Study in Economics, Management, Finance and Social Sciences (EMFSS), Biogeography. Go to: Chapter 4: Patterns in time. This PDF file briefly reviews the evolution of the flora and fauna of the earth and the role that plate tectonics, climate and sea level played in their evolution.

! Volker Mosbrugger & Jörg Loeschke, Institut of Geology and Palaeontology, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen (Tübinger Internet MultiMedia Server, timms): Historische Geologie. Video lectures, (in German).

Henry Alleyne Nicholson (! 1876): The Ancient Life History of the Earth. A Project Gutenberg EBook.

Wolfgang Oschmann, Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut, Frankfurt a.M.: Phasen der Evolution des Systems Erde: Es gibt keinen Stillstand (in German).

J.F. Parham et al. (2012): Best Practices for Justifying Fossil Calibrations. In PDF, Syst Biol., 61: 346-359. See also here (abstract).

Roger Perkins: The Virtual Fossil Museum. Fossils across geological time and evolution.

P David Polly, Department of Geological Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN: Historical Geology. Life through time. Lecture notes. Topics are paleontology, geologic time, biological evolution, plate tectonics, ancient environments, and climate change, principles of interpreting earth history from geological data, etc. Go to: Lecture 10. Stratigraphy and Biostratigraphy, Lecture slides (PDF file).

! William K. Purves, David Sadava, Gordon H. Orians, and H. Craig Heller Life, The Science of Biology (Seventh Edition). The Companion Site. Interactive summaries, the glossary, animated tutorials and lots of flahcards (review figures). Go to: Chapter 22: The History of Life in Earth.

Sue Rigby, Geology, Geophysics, Environmental Geoscience, Grant Institute, University of Edinburgh: COURSE MATERIALS.

Cecil J. Schneer, Department of Earth Sciences University of New Hampshire; Durham, NH: "STRATA" SMITH ON THE WEB. Strata identified by organized fossils; a facsimile edition. William Smith's Geological Table is a summary of the paleontology, lithology, topographic expression, location, and useful products of the strata of England and Wales. Smith's great geological map of England and Wales and part of Scotland (1815) was one of the first if not the first geological survey in the modern sense, and a paradigm for the geologic mapping of the globe for well over a century.

M. D. Simmons, W. A. Berggren, R. O. Koshkarly, B. J. O´Neill, R. W. Scott, and W. Ziegler (Paleo21): Biostratigraphy and Geochronology in the 21st Century.

Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.: Geologic Time (needs Macromedia Flash Player). The story of a changing earth through time.

! University of South Carolina Sequence Stratigraphy Web. Using a combination of linked text, images, and short movies this page is designed to help users gain an instant understanding of the principles of sequence stratigraphy.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Biostratigraphy.
Radiometric dating.
Geochronology.
List of geochronologic names.
Age of the Earth.
! Geologic time scale.
Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point.










Home / Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials / Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology / Teaching Documents about Historical Geology


Categories
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Sequence Stratigraphy
Teaching Documents about Biostratigraphy
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
Sequence Stratigraphy@
Sequence Stratigraphy and Facies of the European Keuper@
Homepages of Triassic Workers@
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods@
Palaeobotanical Maps@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Geology@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Palaeontology@


Teaching Documents about Historical Geology


Thomas Aigner, Institut of Geology and Palaeontology, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen (Tübinger Internet MultiMedia Server, timms): Vorlesung Regionale Geologie Südwestdeutschlands. Video Lectures (in German).

David L. Alles, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA: Biology 101: An Introduction to Science and Biology. (PDF files). Go to: Illustrated Lecture Presentations.

American Geological Institute (AGI): Why Earth Science? PDF file, 1.7 MB.

John R. Anderson, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA: The World of Geology. Historical Geology, lecture notes. See also: Paleozoic Life Lectures (keywords).

! M.J. Benton et al. (2009): Calibrating and constraining the molecular clock. PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).

Michael Benton, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, UK: Accuracy of Fossils and Dating Methods (an ActionBioscience.org original interview, American Institute of Biological Sciences).

! University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley (with support provided by the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute): Understanding Evolution. Understanding Evolution is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. Go to: History of life on Earth. Topics are "From soup to cells - The origin of life", "Evolution and the fossil record", "Deep Time" (an interactive timeline), etc.

Ron Blakey, Department of Geology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff: Global Earth History. This presentation uses a series of plate-tectonic reconstructions to show the broad patterns of Phanerozoic Earth history. Both horizontal and vertical links are provided for viewing the plates: horizontal links provide time-slices (eg Cambrian, Devonian, Triassic, etc.) of different kinds of data on maps and other illustrations whereas vertical links provide a dynamic portrayal of Earth history through a succession of similar plate-tectonic reconstructions.

Carlton E. Brett, Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio: GEOBIOLOGY II: Historical Geology.

! Derek Briggs and Peter Crowther (eds.), Earth Pages, Blackwell Publishing: Paleobiology: A Synthesis (PDF files). Series of concise articles from over 150 leading authorities from around the world. Navigate from the content file. There are no restrictions on downloading this material. Excellent! Worth checking out:
Part 1. Major Events in the History of Life, Pages 1-92.
Part 2. The Evolutionary Process and the Fossil Record, Pages 93-210.
Part 3. Taphonomy, Pages 211-304.
Part 4. Palaeoecology, Pages 305-414.
Part 5. Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy, Pages 415-490.
Go to:
Major Events in the History of Life,
The Evolutionary Process and the Fossil Record, and
Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy.

! Eric J. Chaisson, Wright Center for Science Education: Cosmic evolution: from big bang to humankind. Based on a course taught at Harvard University. This site offers background information and resources to understand the origins of matter and life in our universe, known as cosmic evolution. Questions from how the universe began to how humans evolved are addressed, using an interdisciplinary approach between life, Earth, space, and physical sciences.

Laurie Cantwell, (Montana State University), The Science Education Resource Center (SERC), Carleton College: Teaching Geoscience with Visualizations: Using Images, Animations, and Models Effectively, Geologic Time. This website highlights animations, images, interactive graphics and videos used to teach the concept of geologic time in an introductory geology course. Visualizations cover the specific topics of earth history, relative age dating and life through geologic time.

Rick Cheel, Department of Earth Sciences, Brock University: Geologic Time and Historical Geology and the history of the continents. Powerpoint presentations.

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources (CGER) 1995 (page images at NAP): Effects of Past Global Change on Life.

Lucy E. Edwards and John Pojeta Jr., USGS Geologic Information - General Interest Pubs, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey: Fossils, Rocks and Time. The printed version of this publication is one of a series of general interest publications prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. This on-line edition contains all text from the original book in its entirety.

Deborah Freile, New Jersey City University: Historical Geology. An investigative course of geological and biological aspects of Earth History as developed through the use of fossil evidence and the principles of stratigraphy, geochronology, and the geology of structures. PowerPoint slides for lecture, e.g.:
Geologic History.
Relative Age.
Absolute Age.

Museum of Natural History, University of Florence: The Origin of Life. Life through time, in a nutshell.

Robert Frodeman (1995): Geological reasoning: Geology as an interpretive and historical science. Abstract, Geological Society of America Bulletin.

Pamela J.W. Gore, Georgia Perimeter College, Clarkston:
The Earth Through Time (by Harold L. Levin, Eighth Edition).Go to:
Chapter 13, Mesozoic Events. Geology of North America.

Richard Harter, The Talk.Origins Archive: Changing Views of the History of the Earth. This web site gives a summary of the way scientists have determined the age of the Earth.

S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (2009): Discovering the Timetree of Life. PDF file, (see here).

Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum (HVNHM), Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre, Department of Earth Sciences, Carleton University, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Ottawa: Carboniferous Forests. Easy to read publication. Life, death, and afterlife of a coal forest.

Thomas R. Holtz, Jr., Department of Geology, University of Maryland: Historical Geology. The History of Earth and Life. Lecture notes.

! Harald , Institut für Paläontologie und Historische Geologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München (Paläontologische Gesellschaft): Literaturempfehlungen zur "Allgemeinen Paläontologie", and Literaturempfehlungen zur "Historischen Geologie". Textbook recommendations, in German.

International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) ICS is the largest scientific body within the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). It is also the only organisation concerned with stratigraphy on a global scale.

! Thomas Kammer, West Virginia University: Principles of Historical Geology. A variety of PDF lecture notes. Go to: Principles of Historical Geology.

M. Kowalewski and R.K. Bambach (2008): The limits of paleontological resolution. In PDF, High-resolution approaches in stratigraphic paleontology.

Reinhold Leinfelder: Bebildertes Stichwort-Manuskript zum Vorlesungsteil 1: Grundlagen und Prinzipien der Historischen Geologie. In German.

! Harold L. Levin (2013): The Earth Through Time, 8th Edition, The Student Companion Site. This Web site gives you access to the rich tools and resources. See especially:
Chapter Tutorials.
Web Links.
You can also navigate from here (chapter headings visible).

Harold L. Levin, Washington University: The Earth Through Time, Seventh Edition (provided by Wiley, Higher Education). This textbook provides rich, authoritative coverage of the history of the Earth, offering the most comprehensive history in the discipline today. Some sample chapters: Chapter 1, Introduction to Earth History. Including geohistorical reflections about Abraham Gottlob Werner, James Hutton, William Smith, Georges Cuvier and Alexandre Brongniart, etc. Chapter 2. Earth Materials: A Physical Geology Refresher, and Chapter 3. The Sedimentary Archives.

University of London External System, London, UK (This is is a division of the University of London that grants external degrees: Study in Economics, Management, Finance and Social Sciences (EMFSS), Biogeography. Go to: Chapter 4: Patterns in time. This PDF file briefly reviews the evolution of the flora and fauna of the earth and the role that plate tectonics, climate and sea level played in their evolution.

! Ellen E. Martin, Department of Geology, University of Florida: Global Climate Change. Lecture notes (powepoint presentations). Navigate from here or there. See especially: General Overview. Phanerozoic Palaeoclimate. Including some palaeogeographic maps.

Kevin McCartney, Northern Maine Museum of Science, University of Maine at Presque Isle: Historical Geology.

! Christine V. McLelland (2008): Nature of Science and the Scientific Method. PDF file, The Geological Society of America.
This article promotes understanding of the nature of science and how the scientific method is used to advance science, focusing in particular on the Earth sciences. It also includes talking points for those who would like help explaining the nature of science to others who have developed misconceptions.

Miller Museum of Geology, Queen´s University, Kingston, Ontario: The Dawn of Animal Life. Using exclusively Canadian rocks and fossils, this exhibit highlights almost three billion years of early evolution when only simple, soft-bodied creatures inhabited the Earth.

! Volker Mosbrugger & Jörg Loeschke, Institut of Geology and Palaeontology, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen (Tübinger Internet MultiMedia Server, timms): Historische Geologie. Video lectures, (in German).

! E.G. Nisbet and N.H. Sleep (2001): The habitat and nature of early life. PDF file, Nature, 409.

D.R. Oldroyd (1979): Historicism and the Rise of Historical Geology, Part I. History of science.

William L. Newman, USGS Geologic Information - General Interest Pubs, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey: Geologic Time. This online edition contains chiefly all text from the original book in its entirety.

P David Polly, Department of Geological Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN: Historical Geology. Life through time. Lecture notes. Topics are paleontology, geologic time, biological evolution, plate tectonics, ancient environments, and climate change, principles of interpreting earth history from geological data, etc. Go to: Lecture 10. Stratigraphy and Biostratigraphy, Lecture slides (PDF file).

Hugh Rance, City University of New York: The Present is the Key to the Past. An electronic, college level, introductory historical geology textbook.

Gar Rothwell and Ruth Stockey (instructors), Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR:
! Fossil History of Plants. Lecture notes, excellent

Steven M. Stanley (W. H. Freeman & Company): Earth System History. An online companion for the student and the instructor (interactive exercises, key terms, review questions, web links).

Sabine Schmidt, Gravity Research Group, Institut für Geowissenschaften, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Germany: Die Erde (in German).

Victor A. Schmidt and William Harbert (mirrored by the Faculty Computer Lab, Faculty of Geosciences, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland): Planet Earth and the New Geosciences. Go to: UNIT 1: A SENSE OF TIME.

Cecil J. Schneer, Department of Earth Sciences University of New Hampshire; Durham, NH: "STRATA" SMITH ON THE WEB. Strata identified by organized fossils; a facsimile edition. William Smith's Geological Table is a summary of the paleontology, lithology, topographic expression, location, and useful products of the strata of England and Wales. Smith's great geological map of England and Wales and part of Scotland (1815) was one of the first if not the first geological survey in the modern sense, and a paradigm for the geologic mapping of the globe for well over a century.

R.B. Schultz, Department of Geography and Geosciences, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, IL: Geologic Time and Earth History. Powerpoint presentation. See also here (PDF file).

Paul K. Strother, Weston Observatory of Boston College, Department of Geology & Geophysics, Weston: Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth. This course is being designed to use the www in lieu of a textbook. To use this website most effectively, go to the lecture notes and click on a specific lecture topic. This will bring up lecture notes or a content outline (if available) and additional www links to specific topics covered in the course lecture.

Roger Summons and Tanja Bosak, MIT OpenCourseWare: Geobiology. This course introduces the concept of life as a geological agent and examines the interaction between biology and the earth system during the roughly four billion years since life first appeared. Go to: Lecture Notes. See especially: Mass extinctions (PDF file).

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Stratigraphy.
Radiometric dating.
Geochronology.
List of geochronologic names.
Age of the Earth.
! Geologic time scale.
Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point.










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