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Teaching Documents about Evolution


About.com: Education > Biology > Evolution, and Education > Geology > Fossils, Time and Evolution.

ActionBioscience.org (American Institute of Biological Sciences): ActionBioscience.org is a non-commercial, educational web site created to promote bioscience. Go to: Issues in Evolution. A link directory.

Annenberg Learner (media and telecommunications to advance excellent teaching in American schools): Rediscovering Biology. An online textbook, written by multiple authors (UMass Amherst, University of Missouri-St. Louis, Portland Community College). Go to: Evolution and Phylogenetics (in PDF).

! AG EvoBio, Germany. Evolution in Biology, Culture and Society (in German). Worth checking out: The annotated link directories Publications and Videos. Excellent!

! J. E. Armstrong and J. Jernstedt, The Botanical Society of America, St. Louis: Botanical Society of America's Statement on Evolution.

Francisco J. Ayala, Walter M. Fitch, and Michael T. Clegg (eds.): Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms: Toward a New Synthesis 50 Years after Stebbins. Online book, National Academy of Sciences (2000).

Nicholas H. Barton et al. (2007), Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press: Evolution. Go to:
! Table of Contents. For each chapter, there are links to figures and tables, to discussion topics and to notes. See also:
! Evolution Figures. The images that are available for online use can be accessed by clicking on the appropriate chapter. See especially:
! Evolution Figures: Chapter 10.

BBC Education: Evolution Website, Charles Darwin This section of the Evolution Website contains the full text of Charles Darwin's celebrated Origin of Species, as well as an illustrated guide to the book based on the BBC TV programme "the Origin Of Species - An Illustrated Guide".

Ernst-Georg Beck, Zentrale für Unterrichtsmedien im Internet e.V. (ZUM Internet e.V.): Evolution. Lecture notes (in German).

! C.M. Belin and B. Kisida (2012): Science Standards, Science Achievement, and Attitudes about Evolution. In PDF.

Michael J. Benton (2010): The origins of modern biodiversity on land. In PDF, Transactions of the Royal Society, B.

! M.J. Benton (2010): Studying Function and Behavior in the Fossil Record. PDF file, PLoS Biology, 8: 1-5.
See also here.

M.J. Benton and D.A.T. Harper: Companion Website: Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record. Go to:
! Figures. On this website you can download the figures in jpeg format at standard resolution (96 dpi) for viewing on screen and at a higher resolution (300 dpi) for downloading. They can also be downloaded as a Powerpoint file for each chapter.

Michael J. Benton, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol Evidence of evolutionary transitions. Electronic publication on the ActionBioscience.

Michael J. Benton (2001): Finding the tree of life: matching phylogenetic trees to the fossil record through the 20th century. PDF file, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 268, 2123-2130. See also here

Michael J. Benton (2001): Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol: Biodiversity on land and in the sea. PDF file, Geological Journal 36, 211-230.

Museum of Paleontology, The University of California, Berkeley: Understanding Science: How Science Really Works. This is a free resource that accurately communicates what science is and how it really works.

! The Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), University of California, Berkeley (with support provided by the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute:
Understanding Evolution - your one-stop choice for information on evolution. Understanding Evolution is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. This site is here to help you understand what evolution is, how it works, how it factors into your life, how research in evolutionary biology is performed, and how ideas in this area have changed over time. You may better navigate from here. Excellent! Go to:
What is evolution and how does it work? Detailed explanations of the mechanisms of evolution and the history of life on Earth.
See especially:
! History of Evolutionary Thought. Biographies of some of the key players in evolutionary thought over the last 300 years.

! University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley (with support provided by the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute): Understanding Evolution. Understanding Evolution is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. Go to: What is evolution and how does it work? Detailed explanations of the mechanisms of evolution and the history of life on Earth. Excellent!

! Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley (with support provided by the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute: Understanding Evolution - your one-stop choice for information on evolution. Understanding Evolution is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. This site is here to help you understand what evolution is, how it works, how it factors into your life, how research in evolutionary biology is performed, and how ideas in this area have changed over time. You may better navigate from here. Excellent! Go to:
What is evolution and how does it work? Detailed explanations of the mechanisms of evolution and the history of life on Earth.

Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, CA: Welcome to the Evolution Wing. Explore the theory of evolution and learn about the history of evolutionary thought.

The Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), University of California at Berkeley: Paleontology Without Walls. Introduction to the UCMP Virtual Exhibits. Go to: ENTER EVOLUTION: Theory and History, or The Phylogeny of Life. The ancestor/descendant relationships which connect all organisms that have ever lived.

Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley: Plant Biology - Evolution - Ecology.

Biology-Nation. This website provides resources for anyone with an interest in biology. (see also Biology-Nation.com Whois Record). Many links lead to Wikipedia. Go to: Introduction to Evolutionary Biology.

Biology Online. Biology Online aims to educate and promote awareness of all things biology, offering free and easy access to information in the biological sciences. Go to:
The Origins of Life. See also:
Genetics and Evolution.

Biopedia an openfree bioinfomation encyclopedia: Evolution.

BookRags Inc.: BookRags was launched with the idea to create a web site providing classic literature study guides entirely free for students. Interesting in terms of science history. Go to: A.C. Seward (1909!), Darwin and Modern Science. See: D.H. Scott, The Palaeonotological record, Plants.

C. Kevin Boyce (2010): The evolution of plant development in a paleontological context. PDF file, Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 13: 102-107.

Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, Inc.: How Evolution Works.

Neil Buckley, Department of Biological Sciences, SUNY Plattsburgh, Plattsburgh, NY: Lecture Notes for Bio 208 Evolution. Powerpoint presentations.

Peter R. Crane (2004): Fossils and plant phylogeny. PDF file, American Journal of Botany, 91: 1683-1699. See also here.

! Derek Briggs and Peter Crowther (eds.), Earth Pages, Blackwell Publishing: Paleobiology: A Synthesis (PDF files). Series of concise articles from over 150 leading authorities from around the world. Navigate from the content file. Excellent! Go to:
Major Events in the History of Life,
The Evolutionary Process and the Fossil Record, and
Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy.

John Langdon Brooks (1999), Biotic Systems and Resources at the National Science Foundation in Washington, D.C. (page images at iuniverse.com): Just Before the Origin: Alfred Russel Wallace´s Theory of Evolution. This book presents the theory of evolution through natural selection as it was developed by Russel Wallace and published in several essays written from 1848 through 1858, before Darwin´s Origin of the Species in 1889.

! Derek Briggs and Peter Crowther (eds.), Earth Pages, Blackwell Publishing: Paleobiology: A Synthesis (PDF files). Series of concise articles from over 150 leading authorities from around the world. Navigate from the content file. There are no restrictions on downloading this material. Excellent! Worth checking out:
Part 1. Major Events in the History of Life, Pages 1-92.
Part 2. The Evolutionary Process and the Fossil Record, Pages 93-210.
Part 5. Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy, Pages 415-490.

Frank Burbrink, Department of Biology, College of Staten Island, CUNY, Staten Island, NY: Evolution. Lecture notes (Powerpoint presentations).

Rodger Bybee, NSTA Press: Evolution in Perspective: The Science Teacher's Compendium (Grades: 5 - 12). This booklet comes from, and is developed for, the people on the front lines; educators who deal with the controversy over evolution every day. ISBN: 0873552342, Non-Member Price: 15.95 USDollars. The entire book is online available in PDF format.

Alison Campbell, Penelope Cooke, Kathrin Cass and Kerry Earl, School for Science and Engineering, The University of Waikato, New Zealand: Evolution for teaching. This website has been developed to provide a web based resource for use by secondary teachers, especially in the science fields of evolution and geological time. Go to: Frequently Asked Questions. See also: Plant Evolution.

Sean Carrington, Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Barbados: THE PLANT KINGDOM. An introduction to the world of plants from an evolutionary perspective.

Chris Colby, The Talk.Origins Archive: Introduction to Evolutionary Biology, Version 2.

Richard Cowen, Department of Geology, University of California, Davis: Comparing Plant and Animal Evolution.

Peter R. Crane, Else Marie Friis, and William G. Chaloner (2010): Darwin and the Evolution of Flowers. PDF file, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 365: 347-350. See also here.

Charles Darwin, 1859: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or, The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: John Murray. 502 pp. Available from Project Gutenberg.

Susan De Wolf (2010): Mass Evolution Events. PDF file, Harvard Science Review.

Freeman Dyson, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ. (Technology Review): The Darwinian Interlude. Carl Woese´s point of view about the post-Darwinian era.

Alexander Edens, Hartnell College, Salinas, CA: Biology Tutorials. Tutorials on several important biology topics. Powerpoint presentations. Go to: Evolution and Natural Selection.

! N. Eldredge and S.J. Gould (1972): Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. In PDF.

Wesley Elsberry, The Talk Origins Archive: Punctuated Equilibria. Eldredge´s and Gould´s theory. See also: The Stephen Jay Gould Archive. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was among the best known and widely read scientists of the late 20th century.

! Encyclopedia of Earth (supported by the Environmental Information Coalition and the National Council for Science and the Environment). Expert-reviewed information about the Earth. For everyone, please take notice. The scope of the Encyclopedia of Earth is the environment of the Earth broadly defined, with particular emphasis on the interaction between society and the natural spheres of the Earth. Excellent! Go to:
Evolution.

ENSI. The main objective of ENSI is to improve the teaching of evolution in high school biology courses by encouraging teachers to teach evolutionary thinking in the context of a more complete understanding of modern scientific thinking. Various evolution lessons, please navigate from here.

Mike Farabee, Estrella Mountain Community College Center, Avondale, Arizona: On-Line Biology Book. Introductory biology lecture notes. Go to: DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY.

The Field Museum, Chicago: All about Evolution. About the importance and some misconceptions of evolution.

David H. A. Fitch, Department of Biology, New York University, New York, NY: Evolution at NYU. These pages are designed as reference supplements to the course on evolution. The pages are organized by topic, not necessarily by lecture. You can use the syllabus to navigate to specific pages containing relevant lecture notes, exercises and simulations, e.g. on Darwin, adaptation, evolutionary genetics, speciation, systematics, history of diversity, biogeography, origins of novelty, molecular evolution, coevolution, and human issues.

Walter M. Fitch and Francisco J. Ayala (eds.), The National Academies Press (NAP), National Academy of Sciences (NAS): Tempo and Mode in Evolution: Genetics and Paleontology 50 Years After Simpson.

Fundus.org, Vienna: Evolution. PDF file, in German.

Douglas Futuyma, Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook: Natural Selection: How Evolution Works (an ActionBioscience.org original interview, American Institute of Biological Sciences).

The Geological Society of America (GSA): Evolution and Creationism, Sites describing and/or promoting evolution. An annotated link list.

! Stephen Jay Gould Archive (sponsored by Art Science Research Laboratory): Cyber Library, Harvard Course, B16: History of Earth and Life (difficult to set a link). Go to:
Lab 1: The Invertebrate Phyla,
Lab 2: The Fossil Record,
Lab 3: Communities through Time, and
Lab 4: Variation and Evolution (PDF files). See also:
B16: History of Earth and Life, Source Books.

The Stephen Jay Gould Archive. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was among the best known and widely read scientists of the late 20th century. See also: Geotimes, May 2002: In Memoriam: Stephen Jay Gould.

Gould, S.J. 2002: The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Belknap, 1464 pp., 45.90 Euro, ISBN 0-674-00613-5. Read an excerpt of this book (in PDF format).

Linda E. Graham, Martha E. Cook, and James S. Busse: The origin of plants: Body plan changes contributing to a major evolutionary radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 97: 4535-4540, 2000.

! Andrew Grimshaw (2001): The Adventures of Punctuated Equilibria. A Struggle for Authority in the Evolutionary Sciences. PDF file, thesis, Deakin University.

Ken Harding, Evolution Education Resource Center (a Paleo Ring site): Evolution for beginners.

Colin Harris, UK: Geology Shop. A link directory (introductory website slow loading), comprising over 70 individual web pages. Go to:
Evolution and the fossil record.

! S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (2009): Discovering the Timetree of Life. PDF file.

Scott A. Heckathorn, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Toledo, Ohio, USA:
Biodiversity lecture notes, Powerpoint presentations. See especially:
The Evolution of Populations.
The Origin of Species.
Introduction to Animal Evolution.

J. Hill and K. Davis, Geology Rocks: What kinds of isolation can lead to the formation of a new species?

Kent E. Holsinger, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT: Reproductive systems and evolution in vascular plants (PDF file).

Ray Huey and Peter Ward, University of Washington, Seattle: Foundations in Evolution and Systematics. Go to: Diversity through time, and Evo-Devo. PDF file, lecture notes, evolutionary developmental biology.

Gene Hunt, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (website hosted by the Paleontological Society, Boulder): Evolutionary Patterns in Fossil Lineages. In PDF, lecture notes, PS Centennial Short Course. See also here.

D. Jablonski (2008): Biotic interactions and macroevolution: extensions and mismatches across scales and levels. PDF file, Evolution, 62: 715-739.

! David Jablonski, Michael J. Benton, Robert A. Gastaldo, Charles R. Marshall, and J. John Sepkoski, Jr. (Paleo21): Macroevolution in the 21st Century.

Daniel Jeffares and Anthony Poole (an ActionBioscience.org original article): Were Bacteria the First Forms of Life on Earth? Human cells can reveal evolutionary history because they contain molecular fossils, exhibit mechanisms that were in development when life began, and indicate that ancient organisms may be more complex than first thought.

Tonya Johnson, 8th grade Life Science, Pine View School: Evolution. Powerpoint presentation.

Thomas Junker, Faculty of Biology, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen (don´t take Thomas Junker for Reinhard Junker, an opponent of evolution sciences): Geschichte der Evolutionstheorie (in German).

Thomas Junker, Birgit Klaus and Dennis Wilms, Planet Wissen (German broadcasting service WDR, SWR and BR-alpha; December 2009): Charles Darwin (in German). Videos available via YouTube. Easy to understand information (in German), go to:
Part 1,
Part 2,
Part 3,
! Part 4 (beginning about 7:26: information on creationism and intelligent design),
! Part 5 (information on creationism and intelligent design), and
Part 6.

! M. Alan Kazlev, Kheper website, Australia: Evolution, Different Evolutionary Hypotheses, and Evolution. Go to: Biological Evolution.

M. Alan Kazlev and Toby White, Australia: Palaeos: The trace of Life on Earth. The Palaeos Site is dedicated to providing a detailed and - at least in parts - comprehensive overview of the history of life on Earth. Use the menu bars at the top and (in longer pages) bottom of the page to navigate. Go to: Evolution, and The Evolutionary History of Green Plants. All in a nutshell about green plant evolution-related topics, including textbook illustrations and the coverage of major phyla and kingdoms.

Michael Knee, Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University, Columbus: General Plant Biology Online Resources. Lecture notes. Go to: Plant evolution, and Evolution and diversity of angiosperms.

Ulrich Kutschera (2011): From the scala naturae to the symbiogenetic and dynamic tree of life. In PDF, Biology Direct, 6: 33.

! U. Kutschera, Institut für Biologie, Universität Kassel, Germany, and K.J. Niklas, Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY: The modern theory of biological evolution: an expanded synthesis. PDF file, 2004, Naturwissenschaften, 91: 255-276.

! Richard E. Lenski (website by American Institute of Biological Sciences): Evolution: Fact and Theory. About the major patterns of change in nature, how these changes occur and the fossil and genetic evidence of change.

Christian Looschen, (provided by Referate Heimat, Austria): Evolution (in German).

! J. Losos (2013): What Is Evolution? In PDF. The Princeton Guide to Evolution. See also here.

J.B. Losos et al. (2013): Evolutionary Biology for the 21st Century. In PDF, PLoS Biol 11. See also here.

Jonathan B. Losos and D. Luke Mahler (2010): Chapter 15, Adaptive radiation: the interaction of ecological opportunity, adaptation, and speciation. PDF file.

Gary F. McCracken, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville: Evolution. Lecture notes.

Andrew MacRae, Talk.Origins Archive: Radiometric Dating and the Geological Time Scale. Circular Reasoning or Reliable Tools? Talk.origins is a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins.

Talline Martins and Heidi Hillhouse, Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin: Major Evolutionary Transitions, go to: Transitional Fossils. Powerpoint presentation. See also here.

The University of Michigan: Global Change, Physical Processes:
Global Change 1 Fall 2011 Schedule . Go to:
! Evolution and Natural Selection.

Keith B. Miller, Department of Geology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS: Taxonomy, Transitional Forms, and the Fossil Record.

Sebastian Molnar, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver: Evolution and the Origins of Life. A directory of introductions concerning evolution, with a bias to Plant Biology and Evolution. Excellent examples about how evolution works can be seen from the plant world. Go to: Angiosperm Origins and Evolution, or The Evolution of Polyploidy, and Summary: Polyploid Evolution, Plant Evolution: Overview.

Laurence A. Moran, Dept. of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto. See also here. Go to: What Is Evolution? See also here.

! The National Academy of Sciences(NAS): Teaching about Evolution and THE Nature of Science. These contributions may help teachers introduce the concepts of evolution, particularly if they are reluctant to teach the topic because of pressures from special-interest groups.

! National Center for Science Education (NCSE), Oakland, CA: Defending the Teaching of Evolution in the Public Schools. NCSE is a US-nationally-recognized clearinghouse for information and advice to keep evolution in the science classroom and "scientific creationism" out. This website provides reviews of current anti-evolution activity in the United States and around the world and detailed information on the Creation/Evolution controversy from 1859 to the present.

NATURE, Nature Debates: Andrew Smith, Department of Palaeontology, the Natural History Museum, London: Is the fossil record adequate? This debate introduces the topic and the conflicting viewpoints that surround it.

! L.R. Novick et al. Depicting the tree of life in museums: guiding principles from psychological research. In PDF, see also here.

L. Olsson et al. (2010): Evolutionary developmental biology: its concepts and history with a focus on Russian and German contributions. In PDF, Naturwissenschaften, 97: 951-969.

! Dennis O'Neil, Behavioral Sciences Department, Palomar College, San Marcos, California: Early Theories of Evolution. 17th-19th Century Discoveries that Led to the Acceptance of Biological Evolution. Go to:
Evidence of Evolution,
Synthetic Theory of Evolution. An introduction to modern evolutionary concepts and theories. See also:
The Basic Principles of Genetics. An introduction to Mendelian Genetics.

John Pojeta and Dale A. Springer, The American Geological Institute, (AGI), Alexandria, VA: Evolution and the Fossil Record. This introduction to evolution aims to help the general public gain a better understanding of one of the fundamental underlying concepts of modern science. Four "case study" examples from the fossil record - evolution of vertebrate legs, evolution of birds, evolution of mammals, and evolution of whales - are presented to provide a time perspective for understanding the evolution of life on Earth. There is also a PDF printable version available.

PBS, Alexandria, Virginia (PBS is a private, non-profit media enterprise owned and operated by the US 349 public television stations): Evolution. This online course is intended to deepen the understanding of evolution with extensive content-rich materials, interactive exercises, primary source readings and in depth exploration of scientific concepts. Go to: SESSION 3, What Is the Evidence for Evolution? Including a teachers guide (PDF file).

Massimo Pigliucci, Department of Ecology and Evolution at State University of New York at Stony Brook: Are modern evolutionary theories and methods coherent? PDF file, 4,2 MB; now via wayback archive.

P David Polly, Department of Geological Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN: Historical Geology. Life through time. Lecture notes. Topics are paleontology, geologic time, biological evolution, plate tectonics, ancient environments, and climate change, principles of interpreting earth history from geological data, etc. Go to:
Lecture 14: Evolution. Lecture slides (PDF file).

Donald R. Prothero, Department of Geology, Occidental College, Los Angeles: PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM AT TWENTY: A PALEONTOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE. A historical overview. From Skeptic Magazine vol. 1, no. 3, Fall 1992, pp. 38-47 (The Skeptics Society, Altadena, CA). Comprises chapters like "The Birth of Punk Eek", "Stasis, Landscapes, and Polyhedra", "Species Sorting and Macroevolution", etc. Explore the excellent Bibliography.

Hugh Rance, City University of New York: The Present is the Key to the Past. An electronic, college level, introductory historical geology textbook.

David Rand, Department of Biology, Brown University, Providence, RI: Evolutionary Biology. Lecture notes. See also here.

A.P. Rasnitsyn (2006): Ontology of evolution and methodology of taxonomy. PDF file, Paleontological Journal, 40 (Suppl. 6): S679-S737.

John Rennie (editor in chief of Scientific American): 15 Answers to Creationist Nonsense. Opponents of evolution want to make a place for creationism by tearing down real science, but their arguments don't hold up.

M. Ridley (2003): Evolution (third edition). Book announcement. With book illustrations, an image gallery and downloadable chapters (PDF files), please take notice:
! Chapter 4: Natural Selection and Variation.
! Chapter 13: Species Concepts and Intraspecific Variation.
! Chapter 20: Evolutionary Developmental Biology.
Also worth checking out: Classic Texts. This website provides you with twenty classic texts from the history of evolutionary biology.

Gar Rothwell, Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University, Athens: Paleontology and Plant Evolution. Abstract, Botany 2002, University of Wisconsin Madison.

J. William Schopf, Department of Earth and Space Sciences, the Molecular Biology Institute, and the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) University of California, Los Angeles: Cradle of Life: The Discovery of Earth´s Earliest Fossils (Princeton University Press). Book announcement, including table of contents and chapter "Darwin´s Dilemma - Breakthrough to the Ancient Past". See also: Oldies but Goodies? (by Adam J.R. Kent, Geotimes, Highlights 2003, Geochemistry), and Just pure chemistry? (by Dagmar Röhrlich, Deutschlandfunk). New discussions about the oldest fossils (in German).

! Science magazine (published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, with assistance of Stanford University's HighWire Press. Go To: Science Collections, Botany, or Paleontology, or Evolution.

! Stanley C. Spencer, SA Associates, Inc., Riverside, CA: Evolution Research News. The academic guide to evolution news and research. This extensive resource site is a research tool for biologists, students, and teachers, covering natural selection, origin of life, phylogenetics, and all other aspects of evolutionary biology, as well as darwinism, creationism, intelligent design (ID), and associated controversies.

! Stephen C. Stearns, Open Yale Courses, Yale University: Principles of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior. This course via html, audio or video presents the principles of evolution, ecology, and behavior. It discusses major ideas and results that should form part of the toolkit of all biologists and educated citizens.

Alycia L. Stigall, Department of Geological Sciences and OHIO Center for Ecology and Evolutionary Studies (website hosted by the Paleontological Society, Boulder): Tracking Species in Space and Time: Assessing the relationships between paleobiogeography, paleoecology, and macroevolution. In PDF, lecture notes, PS Centennial Short Course. See also here.

Paul K.Strother, Weston Observatory of Boston College, Department of Geology & Geophysics, Weston: Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth. This course is being designed to use the www in lieu of a textbook. To use this website most effectively, go to the lecture notes and click on a specific lecture topic. This will bring up lecture notes or a content outline (if available) and additional www links to specific topics covered in the course lecture.

P. Thagard and S. Findlay (2010): Getting to Darwin: Obstacles to Accepting Evolution by Natural Selection. In PDF, Science & Education.

Douglas Theobald, TalkOrigins Archive: Evidences for Macroevolution, Part 1: The Unique Universal Phylogenetic Tree.

Glenys Thomson, Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley: Thomson Laboratory Resources, Bio 1B 2003, Evolution. Lecture notes, PDF files. Table of contents:
1 Unity and diversity of life
2 Systematics and Cladistics
3 Cladistics ctd. and
Overview of history of life on earth
4 Tempo and mode of evolution
5 Mendelian genetics
6 Hardy Weinberg
7 Genetic variation, genetic drift, and selection
8 Selection ctd.
9 Molecular evolution
10 Speciation
11 Fossils, Early life
12 Fossil record
13 Fossil record ctd., Darwin
14 Review

Greg Thorn, Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario: Evolution of Plants (Powerpoint presentations). Navigate from here with information from the Syllabus. See e.g. Lecture 16: Evolution of Plants. The evolution of early angiosperms.

Bruce H. Tiffney, UC Santa Barbara: What is Science? Tracking the course of evolution.

Tinu Thakore´s Site, Herricks High School, New Hyde Park, NY: Living Environment Course Resources. Powerpoint and PDF files, e.g.
What is Science.
Photosynthesis.
Evolution.
Ecology.

Peter von Sengbusch, Botanik online: Evolutionsforschung - Wie schützen sich Pflanzen vor überschüssiger genetischer Information? In German. From: Albrecht, S. und Beusmann, V (eds): Ökologie transgener Nutzpflanzen. (Campus), Frankfurt, 1995.

Peter von Sengbusch, Institute of Botany, University of Hamburg: Evolution: Überblick und offene Probleme. C. DARWIN und seine Selektionstheorie. Part of "Botanik online" (in German).

School of Science and Engineering, University of Waikato, New Zealand: Evolution for Teaching. Go to: Earth's History and Evolution. Teaching resources.

Helmut Weissert Geologie, ETH Zürich: Evolution der Biosphäre. Bilder aus der Erdgeschichte. PDF file, in German.

Allison Welch, Department of Biology, North Carolina A&T State University: Evolution. Lecture notes. See also here (in Powerpoint).

! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Evolutionary biology, for example
Punctuated equilibrium,
Foster's rule. and
Origin of life.
Also worth checking out:
The German Wikipedia: Evolution, e.g.
Punktualismus.

! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Evolutionary history of plants,
Evolutionary developmental biology, and
Timeline of plant evolution.

Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection: Evolutionary Biology.

Mark V. H. Wilson & Curtis Strobeck, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton: Biology 321. Mechanisms of Evolution. Lecture notes.

Carl R. Woese, Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: On the evolution of cells. PNAS vol. 99 no. 13.

! Steven J. Wolf, Department of Biological Sciences, California State University, Stanislaus: Introduction to Evolution. Lecture notes.

! The Working Group on Teaching Evolution under the Council of the National Academy of Sciences: Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science. The Working Group consists of 13 scientists and educators who have been extensively involved in research and education on evolution and related scientific subjects. The group worked closely with teachers, school administrators, state officials, and others in preparing this publication, soliciting suggestions for what would be most useful, and responding to comments on draft materials.










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