Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials /
Teaching Documents about Evolution
Teaching Documents about Palaeobotany
Teaching Documents about Palynology and Palynofacies
What is Palaeontology or Palaeobiology?
Teaching Documents about Palaeontology and Palaeoecology
Teaching Documents about Ichnology
Teaching Documents about Ecology
Teaching Documents about Taphonomy
Teaching Documents about Plant Anatomy
Teaching Documents about Wood Anatomy and Tree-Ring Research
Teaching Documents about Botany
Teaching Documents about Biology
Teaching Documents about Mass Extinction
Teaching Documents about Classification and Nomenclature
Teaching Documents about Cladistics and Phylogeny
Teaching Documents about Palaeogeography
Teaching Documents about Palaeoclimate
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods
Introductions to Statistics
Meta Indexes of Online Education
Virtual Field Trips
! Evolution & Extinction@
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
! Focused on the Evolution of Plants@
! Insect Evolution@
! Living Fossils@
! Evolution Sciences versus Doctrines of Creationism and Intelligent Design@
! The Gaia Hypothesis@
! Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa@
About.com: Education > Biology > Evolution, and Education > Geology > Fossils, Time and Evolution.
(American Institute of Biological Sciences):
ActionBioscience.org is a non-commercial, educational web site created to promote bioscience. Go to:
! Evolution: Fact and Theory (by Richard E. Lenski). See also: Issues in Evolution. A link directory.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
! AG EvoBio, Germany.
Evolution in Biology, Culture and Society (in German). See especially: The annotated link directories
Also worth checking out:
! EvoBioBlog (by Arbeitsgemeinschaft Evolution in Biologie, Kultur und Gesellschaft, in German).
Warren D. Allmon, Paleontological Research Institution, (Museum of the Earth), Ithaca NY: Evolution and Creationism: A Guide for Museum Docents. PDF file, version 2.0; August 18, 2005.
Annenberg Learner (media and telecommunications to advance excellent teaching in American schools): Rediscovering Biology. An online textbook, written by multiple authors (UMass Amherst, University of Missouri-St. Louis, Portland Community College). Go to: Evolution and Phylogenetics (in PDF).
! J. E. Armstrong and J. Jernstedt, The Botanical Society of America, St. Louis: Botanical Society of America's Statement on Evolution.
Francisco J. Ayala, Walter M. Fitch, and Michael T. Clegg (eds.): Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms: Toward a New Synthesis 50 Years after Stebbins. Online book, National Academy of Sciences (2000).
Nicholas H. Barton et al. (2007), Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press:
Evolution. Go to:
! Table of Contents. For each chapter, there are links to figures and tables, to discussion topics and to notes. See also:
! Evolution Figures. The images that are available for online use can be accessed by clicking on the appropriate chapter. See especially:
! Evolution Figures: Chapter 10.
Ernst-Georg Beck, Zentrale für Unterrichtsmedien im Internet e.V. (ZUM Internet e.V.): Evolution. Lecture notes (in German).
! C.M. Belin and B. Kisida (2012): Science Standards, Science Achievement, and Attitudes about Evolution. In PDF.
Michael J. Benton (2010): The origins of modern biodiversity on land. In PDF, Transactions of the Royal Society, B.
! M.J. Benton (2010):
Function and Behavior in the Fossil Record.
PDF file, PLoS Biology, 8: 1-5.
See also here.
M.J. Benton and D.A.T. Harper:
Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record. Go to:
! Figures. On this website you can download the figures in jpeg format at standard resolution (96 dpi) for viewing on screen and at a higher resolution (300 dpi) for downloading. They can also be downloaded as a Powerpoint file for each chapter.
Michael J. Benton, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol Evidence of evolutionary transitions. Electronic publication on the ActionBioscience.
Michael J. Benton (2001): Finding the tree of life: matching phylogenetic trees to the fossil record through the 20th century. PDF file, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 268, 2123-2130. See also here
Michael J. Benton (2001): Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol: Biodiversity on land and in the sea. PDF file, Geological Journal 36, 211-230.
Museum of Paleontology, The University of California, Berkeley: Understanding Science: How Science Really Works. This is a free resource that accurately communicates what science is and how it really works.
The Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), University of California, Berkeley
(with support provided by the National
Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute:
Welcome to the Evolution Wing. Explore the theory of evolution and learn about the history of evolutionary thought.
! Understanding Evolution - your one-stop choice for information on evolution. Understanding Evolution is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. This site is here to help you understand what evolution is, how it works, how it factors into your life, how research in evolutionary biology is performed, and how ideas in this area have changed over time. Excellent! Go to:
! What is evolution and how does it work? Detailed explanations of the mechanisms of evolution and the history of life on Earth.
! History of Evolutionary Thought. Biographies of some of the key players in evolutionary thought over the last 300 years.
The Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), University of California at Berkeley: Paleontology Without Walls. Introduction to the UCMP Virtual Exhibits. Go to: ENTER EVOLUTION: Theory and History, or The Phylogeny of Life. The ancestor/descendant relationships which connect all organisms that have ever lived.
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley: Plant Biology - Evolution - Ecology.
! Die Evolution.
Lecture notes, in German.
Biology-Nation. This website provides resources for anyone with an interest in biology. (see also Biology-Nation.com Whois Record). Many links lead to Wikipedia. Go to: Introduction to Evolutionary Biology.
Biology Online aims to educate and promote awareness of all things biology, offering free and easy access to information
in the biological sciences. Go to:
The Origins of Life. See also:
Genetics and Evolution.
Biopedia an openfree bioinfomation encyclopedia: Evolution.
BookRags Inc.: BookRags was launched with the idea to create a web site providing classic literature study guides entirely free for students. Interesting in terms of science history. Go to: A.C. Seward (1909!), Darwin and Modern Science. See: D.H. Scott, The Palaeonotological record, Plants.
C. Kevin Boyce (2010): The evolution of plant development in a paleontological context. PDF file, Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 13: 102-107.
Jamie Boyer, The New York Botanical Garden:
The Paleoplant Website.
An educational resource for students and teachers studying Earth's history, fossils, and evolution.
! Go to: Evolutionary Theory. Lecture notes. Taxonomic classification and theory of evolution.
Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, Inc.: How Evolution Works.
Neil Buckley, Department of Biological Sciences, SUNY Plattsburgh, Plattsburgh, NY: Lecture Notes for Bio 208 Evolution. Powerpoint presentations. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Peter R. Crane (2004): Fossils and plant phylogeny. PDF file, American Journal of Botany, 91: 1683-1699. See also here.
! Derek Briggs and Peter Crowther (eds.), Earth Pages, Blackwell Publishing:
(PDF files). Snapshot now taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Series of concise articles from over 150 leading authorities from around the world.
Navigate from the content file.
There are no restrictions on downloading this material. Excellent!
Worth checking out:
Part 1. Major Events in the History of Life, Pages 1-92.
Part 2. The Evolutionary Process and the Fossil Record, Pages 93-210.
Part 3. Taphonomy, Pages 211-304.
Part 4. Palaeoecology, Pages 305-414.
Part 5. Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy, Pages 415-490.
Rodger Bybee, NSTA Press: Evolution in Perspective: The Science Teacher's Compendium (Grades: 5 - 12). This booklet comes from, and is developed for, the people on the front lines; educators who deal with the controversy over evolution every day. ISBN: 0873552342, Non-Member Price: 15.95 USDollars. The entire book is online available in PDF format.
Alison Campbell, Penelope Cooke, Kathrin Cass and Kerry Earl, School for Science and Engineering, The University of Waikato, New Zealand: Evolution for teaching. This website has been developed to provide a web based resource for use by secondary teachers, especially in the science fields of evolution and geological time. Go to: Frequently Asked Questions. See also: Plant Evolution.
Sean Carrington, Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Barbados: THE PLANT KINGDOM. An introduction to the world of plants from an evolutionary perspective.
! Matthew Cobb, whyevolutionistrue: Excellent open access articles on the evolution of life on Earth - UPDATE 2.
Chris Colby, The Talk.Origins Archive: Introduction to Evolutionary Biology, Version 2.
Richard Cowen, Department of Geology, University of California, Davis: Comparing Plant and Animal Evolution.
Peter R. Crane, Else Marie Friis, and William G. Chaloner (2010): Darwin and the Evolution of Flowers. PDF file, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 365: 347-350. See also here.
Charles Darwin, 1859: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or, The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: John Murray. 502 pp. Available from Project Gutenberg.
! T. Dobzhansky (1973): Nothing in Biology Makes Sense except in the Light of Evolution. In PDF, The American Biology Teacher, 35: 125-129. See also here (Google books).
P.C.J. Donoghue and Z. Yang (2016): The evolution of methods for establishing evolutionary timescales. In PDF, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 371. See also here.
Freeman Dyson, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ. (Technology Review): The Darwinian Interlude. Carl Woese´s point of view about the post-Darwinian era.
! N. Eldredge and S.J. Gould (1972): Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. PDF file. In: Schopf, T.J.M. (ed.) Models in Paleobiology. San Francisco, 82-115. See also here.
Wesley Elsberry, The Talk Origins Archive: Punctuated Equilibria. Eldredge´s and Gould´s theory. See also: The Stephen Jay Gould Archive. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was among the best known and widely read scientists of the late 20th century.
Encyclopedia of Earth
(supported by the Environmental Information Coalition and the National
Council for Science and the Environment).
Expert-reviewed information about the Earth. For everyone,
please take notice.
The scope of the Encyclopedia of Earth is the environment of the Earth broadly defined,
with particular emphasis on the interaction between society and the natural spheres of
the Earth. Excellent! Go to:
ENSI. The main objective of ENSI is to improve the teaching of evolution in high school biology courses by encouraging teachers to teach evolutionary thinking in the context of a more complete understanding of modern scientific thinking. Various evolution lessons, please navigate from here.
M.J. Farabee, Estrella Mountain Community College, Phoenix, Arizona:
! On-Line Biology Book. Table of Contents. Introductory biology lecture notes. Go to:
! The modern view of evolution.
The Field Museum, Chicago: All about Evolution. About the importance and some misconceptions of evolution.
David H. A. Fitch, Department of Biology, New York University, New York, NY: Evolution at NYU. These pages are designed as reference supplements to the course on evolution. The pages are organized by topic, not necessarily by lecture. You can use the syllabus to navigate to specific pages containing relevant lecture notes, exercises and simulations, e.g. on Darwin, adaptation, evolutionary genetics, speciation, systematics, history of diversity, biogeography, origins of novelty, molecular evolution, coevolution, and human issues.
Walter M. Fitch and Francisco J. Ayala (eds.), The National Academies Press (NAP), National Academy of Sciences (NAS): Tempo and Mode in Evolution: Genetics and Paleontology 50 Years After Simpson.
New Jersey City University, Jersey City, NJ:
Historical Geology. Powerpoint Slides for Lecture.
! Go to: The Origin and Evolution of Life. Powerpoint presentation.
Fundus.org, Vienna: Evolution. PDF file, in German.
Douglas Futuyma, Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook: Natural Selection: How Evolution Works (an ActionBioscience.org original interview, American Institute of Biological Sciences).
The Geological Society of America (GSA): Evolution and Creationism, Sites describing and/or promoting evolution. An annotated link list. Website saved by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
! Stephen Jay Gould Archive (sponsored by Art Science Research Laboratory):
Harvard Course, B16: History of Earth and Life (difficult to set a link). Go to:
Lab 1: The Invertebrate Phyla,
Lab 2: The Fossil Record,
Lab 3: Communities through Time, and
Lab 4: Variation and Evolution (PDF files). See also:
B16: History of Earth and Life, Source Books.
The Stephen Jay Gould Archive. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was among the best known and widely read scientists of the late 20th century. See also: Geotimes, May 2002: In Memoriam: Stephen Jay Gould.
Gould, S.J. 2002: The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Belknap, 1464 pp., 45.90 Euro, ISBN 0-674-00613-5. Read an excerpt of this book (in PDF format).
Linda E. Graham, Martha E. Cook, and James S. Busse: The origin of plants: Body plan changes contributing to a major evolutionary radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 97: 4535-4540, 2000.
! Andrew Grimshaw (2001): The Adventures of Punctuated Equilibria. A Struggle for Authority in the Evolutionary Sciences. PDF file, thesis, Deakin University.
Ken Harding, Evolution Education Resource Center (a Paleo Ring site): Evolution for beginners.
Colin Harris, UK:
A link directory (introductory website slow loading), comprising over 70 individual web pages. Go to:
Evolution and the fossil record.
Life Sciences Outreach Program, Harvard University,
Teacher Materials, Evolution. Resources developed for classroom use by high school biology teachers.
! S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (2009): Discovering the Timetree of Life. PDF file.
Scott A. Heckathorn,
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Toledo, Ohio, USA:
Biodiversity lecture notes, Powerpoint presentations. Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. See especially:
The Evolution of Populations.
The Origin of Species.
Introduction to Animal Evolution.
J. Hill and K. Davis, Geology Rocks: What kinds of isolation can lead to the formation of a new species?
Kent E. Holsinger, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT: Reproductive systems and evolution in vascular plants (PDF file).
Ray Huey and Peter Ward, University of Washington, Seattle: Foundations in Evolution and Systematics. Go to: Diversity through time, and Evo-Devo. PDF file, lecture notes, evolutionary developmental biology.
Department of Paleobiology,
National Museum of Natural History,
Smithsonian Institution (website hosted by the Paleontological Society, Boulder):
Patterns in Fossil Lineages. In PDF, lecture notes,
PS Centennial Short Course.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
See also here.
D. Jablonski (2008): Biotic interactions and macroevolution: extensions and mismatches across scales and levels. PDF file, Evolution, 62: 715-739.
! David Jablonski, Michael J. Benton, Robert A. Gastaldo, Charles R. Marshall, and J. John Sepkoski, Jr. (Paleo21): Macroevolution in the 21st Century.
Tonya Johnson, 8th grade Life Science, Pine View School: Evolution. Powerpoint presentation.
Thomas Junker, Faculty of Biology, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen (don´t take Thomas Junker for Reinhard Junker, an opponent of evolution sciences): Geschichte der Evolutionstheorie (in German). Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Thomas Junker, Birgit Klaus and Dennis Wilms,
Planet Wissen (German broadcasting service WDR, SWR and BR-alpha; December 2009):
Charles Darwin (in German).
Videos available via YouTube.
Easy to understand information (in German), go to:
! Part 4 (beginning about 7:26: information on creationism and intelligent design),
! Part 5 (information on creationism and intelligent design), and
Kania´s Science Page,
Lake Central High School, St. John, IN:
Biology Page. Lecture notes, Powerpoint presentations. See for instance:
The History of Life.
! M. Alan Kazlev, Kheper website, Australia: Evolution, Different Evolutionary Hypotheses, and Evolution. Go to: Biological Evolution.
M. Alan Kazlev and Toby White, Australia: Palaeos: The trace of Life on Earth. The Palaeos Site is dedicated to providing a detailed and - at least in parts - comprehensive overview of the history of life on Earth. Use the menu bars at the top and (in longer pages) bottom of the page to navigate. Go to: Evolution, and The Evolutionary History of Green Plants. All in a nutshell about green plant evolution-related topics, including textbook illustrations and the coverage of major phyla and kingdoms.
Ulrich Kutschera (2011): From the scala naturae to the symbiogenetic and dynamic tree of life. In PDF, Biology Direct, 6: 33.
! U. Kutschera, Institut für Biologie, Universität Kassel, Germany, and K.J. Niklas, Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY: The modern theory of biological evolution: an expanded synthesis. PDF file, 2004, Naturwissenschaften, 91: 255-276.
! Richard E. Lenski (website by American Institute of Biological Sciences): Evolution: Fact and Theory. About the major patterns of change in nature, how these changes occur and the fossil and genetic evidence of change.
Bruce S. Lieberman and Roger Kaesler (2010):
Evolution and the Fossil Record. Book announcement (Wiley-Blackwell),
including table of contents.
The history of life and the patterns and processes of evolution are especially emphasized, as are the interconnections between our planet, its climate system, and its varied life forms. The book does not just describe the history of life, but uses actual examples from life’s history to illustrate important concepts and theories.
! Available in PDF from here. See especially:
PDF page 38: "Taphonomy."
! PDF page 74: "Introduction to Evolution."
PDF page 123: "Extinctions: The Legacy of the Fossil Record."
PDF page 137: "The Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction—Causes and Consequences."
PDF page 227: "Life, Climate, and Geology."
PDF page 236: "Life Influencing Geology: the Form and Shape of Rivers and the Rocks they Leave Behind."
PDF page 242: "Plants, Oxygen, and Coal: More Examples of Life Affecting the Atmosphere and Geology."
Christian Looschen, (provided by Referate Heimat, Austria): Evolution (in German).
! J. Losos (2013): What Is Evolution? In PDF. The Princeton Guide to Evolution. See also here.
J.B. Losos et al. (2013): Evolutionary Biology for the 21st Century. In PDF, PLoS Biol 11. See also here.
Jonathan B. Losos and D. Luke Mahler (2010): Chapter 15, Adaptive radiation: the interaction of ecological opportunity, adaptation, and speciation. PDF file. Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Gary F. McCracken, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville: Evolution. Lecture notes.
Andrew MacRae, Talk.Origins Archive: Radiometric Dating and the Geological Time Scale. Circular Reasoning or Reliable Tools? Talk.origins is a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins.
Talline Martins and Heidi Hillhouse, Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin: Major Evolutionary Transitions, go to: Transitional Fossils. Powerpoint presentation. See also here.
The University of Michigan:
Global Change, Physical Processes:
Global Change 1 Fall 2011 Schedule . Go to:
! Evolution and Natural Selection.
Keith B. Miller, Department of Geology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS: Taxonomy, Transitional Forms, and the Fossil Record.
Sebastian Molnar, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver: Evolution and the Origins of Life. A directory of introductions concerning evolution, with a bias to Plant Biology and Evolution. Excellent examples about how evolution works can be seen from the plant world. Go to: Angiosperm Origins and Evolution, or The Evolution of Polyploidy, and Summary: Polyploid Evolution, Plant Evolution: Overview.
Laurence A. Moran, Dept. of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto. See also here. Go to: What Is Evolution? See also here.
! The National Academy of Sciences(NAS): Teaching about Evolution and THE Nature of Science. These contributions may help teachers introduce the concepts of evolution, particularly if they are reluctant to teach the topic because of pressures from special-interest groups.
National Center for Science Education (NCSE),
NCSE defends the integrity of science education against ideological interference. NCSE provides information dedicated to keeping evolution in the science classroom and creationism out. Go to:
! Evolution. The National Center for Science Education is the only national organization devoted to defending the teaching of evolution in public schools. Worth checking out:
The latest Gallup poll on evolution (June 01, 2012).
Journals celebrating the Darwin anniversaries (February 27, 2009).
NATURE, Nature Debates: Andrew Smith, Department of Palaeontology, the Natural History Museum, London: Is the fossil record adequate? This debate introduces the topic and the conflicting viewpoints that surround it.
! L.R. Novick et al. Depicting the tree of life in museums: guiding principles from psychological research. In PDF, see also here.
! Dennis O'Neil, Behavioral Sciences Department, Palomar College, San Marcos, California:
Early Theories of Evolution.
17th-19th Century Discoveries that Led to
the Acceptance of Biological Evolution. Go to:
Evidence of Evolution,
Synthetic Theory of Evolution. An introduction to modern evolutionary concepts and theories. See also:
The Basic Principles of Genetics. An introduction to Mendelian Genetics.
John Pojeta and Dale A. Springer, The American Geological Institute, (AGI), Alexandria, VA: Evolution and the Fossil Record. This introduction to evolution aims to help the general public gain a better understanding of one of the fundamental underlying concepts of modern science. Four "case study" examples from the fossil record - evolution of vertebrate legs, evolution of birds, evolution of mammals, and evolution of whales - are presented to provide a time perspective for understanding the evolution of life on Earth. There is also a PDF printable version available.
PBS, Alexandria, Virginia (PBS is a private, non-profit media enterprise owned and operated by the US 349 public television stations): Evolution. This online course is intended to deepen the understanding of evolution with extensive content-rich materials, interactive exercises, primary source readings and in depth exploration of scientific concepts. Go to: SESSION 3, What Is the Evidence for Evolution? Including a teachers guide (PDF file).
P David Polly, Department of Geological Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN:
Historical Geology. Life through time.
Lecture notes. Topics are paleontology, geologic time, biological evolution,
plate tectonics, ancient environments, and climate change,
principles of interpreting earth history from geological data, etc. Go to:
Lecture 14: Evolution. Lecture slides (PDF file).
Donald R. Prothero, Department of Geology, Occidental College, Los Angeles: PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM AT TWENTY: A PALEONTOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE. A historical overview. From Skeptic Magazine vol. 1, no. 3, Fall 1992, pp. 38-47 (The Skeptics Society, Altadena, CA). Comprises chapters like "The Birth of Punk Eek", "Stasis, Landscapes, and Polyhedra", "Species Sorting and Macroevolution", etc. Explore the excellent Bibliography.
Quizlet.com study tools:
! Search for Evolution.
Hugh Rance, City University of New York: The Present is the Key to the Past. An electronic, college level, introductory historical geology textbook.
David Rand, Department of Biology, Brown University, Providence, RI: Evolutionary Biology. Lecture notes. See also here.
John Rennie (editor in chief of Scientific American): 15 Answers to Creationist Nonsense. Opponents of evolution want to make a place for creationism by tearing down real science, but their arguments don't hold up.
M. Ridley (2003):
Evolution (third edition).
Book announcement. With book illustrations, an image gallery and
downloadable chapters (PDF files), please take notice:
! Chapter 4: Natural Selection and Variation.
! Chapter 13: Species Concepts and Intraspecific Variation.
! Chapter 20: Evolutionary Developmental Biology.
Also worth checking out: Classic Texts. This website provides you with twenty classic texts from the history of evolutionary biology.
J. William Schopf, Department of Earth and Space Sciences, the Molecular Biology Institute, and the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) University of California, Los Angeles: Cradle of Life: The Discovery of Earth´s Earliest Fossils (Princeton University Press). Book announcement, including table of contents and chapter "Darwin´s Dilemma - Breakthrough to the Ancient Past". See also: Oldies but Goodies? (by Adam J.R. Kent, Geotimes, Highlights 2003, Geochemistry), and Just pure chemistry? (by Dagmar Röhrlich, Deutschlandfunk). New discussions about the oldest fossils (in German).
! Science magazine (published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, with assistance of Stanford University's HighWire Press. Go To: Science Collections, Botany, or Paleontology, or Evolution.
der Wissenschaft Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Heidelberg, Germany):
"Online Lexika", Biologie:
! Evolution (in German).
! Stanley C. Spencer, SA Associates, Inc., Riverside, CA: Evolution Research News. The academic guide to evolution news and research. This extensive resource site is a research tool for biologists, students, and teachers, covering natural selection, origin of life, phylogenetics, and all other aspects of evolutionary biology, as well as darwinism, creationism, intelligent design (ID), and associated controversies.
! Stephen C. Stearns, Open Yale Courses, Yale University: Principles of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior. This course via html, audio or video presents the principles of evolution, ecology, and behavior. It discusses major ideas and results that should form part of the toolkit of all biologists and educated citizens.
Alycia L. Stigall,
Department of Geological Sciences and
OHIO Center for Ecology and Evolutionary Studies (website hosted by the
Paleontological Society, Boulder):
Tracking Species in Space and Time:
Assessing the relationships between paleobiogeography, paleoecology,
and macroevolution. In PDF, lecture notes,
PS Centennial Short Course.
See also here.
Snapshots provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Paul K. Strother,
Weston Observatory of Boston College, Department of Geology & Geophysics,
Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth.
This course is being designed to use the www in lieu of a textbook. To use this website most effectively, go to the lecture notes and click on a specific lecture topic. This will bring up lecture notes or a content outline (if available) and additional www links to specific topics covered in the course lecture.
Website now publicly accessible by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
P. Thagard and S. Findlay (2010): Getting to Darwin: Obstacles to Accepting Evolution by Natural Selection. In PDF, Science & Education.
Douglas Theobald, TalkOrigins Archive: Evidences for Macroevolution, Part 1: The Unique Universal Phylogenetic Tree.
Greg Thorn, Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario: Evolution of Plants (Powerpoint presentations). Navigate from here with information from the Syllabus. See e.g. Lecture 16: Evolution of Plants. The evolution of early angiosperms.
Bruce H. Tiffney, UC Santa Barbara: What is Science? Tracking the course of evolution.
Tinu Thakore´s Site,
Herricks High School, New Hyde Park, NY:
Environment Course Resources. Powerpoint and
PDF files, e.g.
What is Science.
School of Science and Engineering, University of Waikato, New Zealand: Evolution for Teaching. Go to: Earth's History and Evolution. Teaching resources.
Allison Welch, Department of Biology, North Carolina A&T State University: Evolution. Lecture notes. This expired links is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. See also here (in Powerpoint).
! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Evolutionary biology, for example
Foster's rule. and
Origin of life.
Also worth checking out:
The German Wikipedia: Evolution, e.g.
! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Evolutionary history of plants,
Evolutionary developmental biology, and
Timeline of plant evolution.
Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection: Evolutionary Biology.
Mark V. H. Wilson & Curtis Strobeck, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton: Biology 321. Mechanisms of Evolution. Lecture notes.
Carl R. Woese, Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: On the evolution of cells. PNAS vol. 99 no. 13.
! Steven J. Wolf, Department of Biological Sciences, California State University, Stanislaus: Introduction to Evolution. Lecture notes.
! The Working Group on Teaching Evolution under
the Council of the National Academy of Sciences:
Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science.
The Working Group consists of 13 scientists and educators who have been
extensively involved in research and education on evolution and related scientific subjects.
The group worked closely with
teachers, school administrators, state officials, and others in preparing
this publication, soliciting suggestions for what would be
most useful, and responding to comments on draft materials.
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