Evolution & Extinction /
Web Sites about Evolution
Focussed on the Fossil Record
Evolution Sciences versus Doctrines of Creationism and Intelligent Design
Web Sites about Mass Extinctions
The Mass Extinction at the End of the Permian
Biotic Recovery from the Permian-Triassic Mass Extinction
The Mass Extinction at the End of the Triassic
Fossil Animal Plant Interaction@
! Teaching Documents about Evolution@
! Focused on the Evolution of Plants@
Teaching Documents about Palaeobotany@
Teaching Documents about Palaeontology and Palaeoecology@
Databases focused on Palaeobotany and Palaeontology@
Databases focused on Botany and Biology@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Palaeontology@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Biology@
Bryan N. Danforth and
Department of Entomology,
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences,
Flowers and Insect Evolution.
Abstract, PDF file, SCIENCE, VOL 283; 1999. See also
! The EDNA fossil insect database (named after Edna Clifford): EDNA aims to be a complete, fully interactive list of all the species of insect named from the fossil record, including site, geological age and reference for each holotype. Read the Help Searching for better search results.
! K.Y. Eskov: Geographical history of the insects. See also: History of Insects (Kluwer Academic Publishers).
Susan E. Fahrbach: What arthropod brains say about arthropod phylogeny.
B.D. Farrell and A.S. Sequeira (2004): Evolutionary rates in the adaptive radiation of beetles on plants. PDF file, Evolution 58: 1984-2001.
! Fossil Record 2.
See also here (the current version of this page).
The Fossil Record 2 is a
near-complete listing of the diversity of life through time,
compiled at the level of the family. Search any name in the database or search by family name or select
families by stratigraphic range, kingdom, habitat, phylum, chapter or other names - or select by stratigraphic
range in which the families lived.
The Fossil Record 2 database (Benton, M. J. (Ed.) 1993, Chapman & Hall, London. 845 pp.) is originally compiled in Excel by Dr. Mary Benton, WWW work by Dilshat Hewzulla. Select by Phylum.
N.C. Fraser et al. (1996): A Triassic lagerstätte from eastern North America. PDF file, Nature.
R. Garwood and M. Sutton (2010): X-ray micro-tomography of Carboniferous stem-Dictyoptera: new insights into early insects. In PDF, Biology Letters.
! Michael W. Gaunt and Michael A. Miles (2002): An Insect Molecular Clock Dates the Origin of the Insects and Accords with Palaeontological and Biogeographic Landmarks. PDF file, Mol. Biol. Evol., 19: 748-761.
American Museum of Natural History, New York, and
Michael S. Engel
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (Cambridge University Press):
Evolution of the Insects.
Book announcement. See also
! here (Google books).
J.F. Harrison et al. (2010): Atmospheric oxygen level and the evolution of insect body size. In PDF, Proc. R. Soc., B, 277: 1937-1946.
Hooper Virtual Paleontological Museum (HVPM): The Development of Insect Flight.
International Palaeoentomological Society
The aim of IPS is
to promote and advance the understanding of fossil insects and other non-marine arthropods. Go to:
! Library. Downloadable articles!
Kendall Bioresearch Services, Bristol, UK: THE FOSSIL RECORD OF MAJOR INSECT GROUPS OVER THE MAIN GEOLOGICAL PERIODS OF EARTH HISTORY.
! P. Kenrick et al. (2012): A timeline for terrestrialization: consequences for the carbon cycle in the Palaeozoic. In PDF, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 367: 519-536.
Conrad C. Labandeira (2010): The Pollination of Mid Mesozoic Seed Plants and the Early History of Long-proboscid Insects. Abstract, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 97: 469-513. See also here.
C. Labandeira (2005): Recent and exciting developments in understanding fossil insects and their terrestrial relatives. In PDF, American Paleontologist.
! Conrad C. Labandeira, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC: Enhanced: How Old Is the Flower and the Fly? Including an extensive annotated link directory. Science 1998; 280: 57-59.
Conrad C. Labandeira and Gunter J. Eble, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology, Washington, DC: THE FOSSIL RECORD OF INSECT DIVERSITY AND DISPARITY (PDF file).
! C.C. Labandeira (2001): Rise and diversification of insects. PDF file.
Conrad C. Labandeira: EARLY HISTORY OF ARTHROPOD AND VASCULAR PLANT ASSOCIATIONS.- Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 1998 26: 329-377. Full Online Access via Annual Reviews, Go to Annual Reviews Search Page (Biomedical Sciences), Search for "Labandeira" (Field Author, Last Name).
C.M. Liutkus et al. (2010): Use of fine-scale stratigraphy and chemostratigraphy to evaluate conditions of deposition and preservation of a Triassic Lagerstätte, south-central Virginia. In PDF, J. Paleolimnol. 44: 645-666.
E.D. Lukashevich et al. (2010): The oldest occurrence of immature Diptera (Insecta), Middle Triassic, France. PDF file, Ann. soc. entomol. Fr. (n.s.), 46: 4-22.
! Meganeura (by Xavier Martínez-Delclòs (Barcelona) and Günter Bechly (Stuttgart) Ed. Jarzembowski (Maidstone Museum, UK) and Teresa Santaeulària). This palaeoentomological webpage wishes to inform and promote all news and information about fossil insects all around the world. go to: Fossil insects in rocks.
Sebastian Molnar, R. Redfield's Research Lab, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver: Evolution. Go to: Plant Insect Resistance.
Laboratory of Arthropods, Palaeontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. Go to: ECOLOGICAL HISTORY OF THE TERRESTRIAL INSECTS (by V.V. Zherikhin).
! Alexandr P. Rasnitsyn and Donald L.J. Quicke (eds.) 1980: History of Insects (Kluwer Academic Publishers). Some chapters are free!
Jes Rust (2006), starting on PDF page 75: Die Bedeutung von Fossilien für phylogenetische Rekonstruktionen. PDF file, in German. Species, Phylogeny and Evolution 1. Themenheft Phylogenetisches Symposium Göttingen: Der Stellenwert der Morphologie in der heutigen Phylogenetische Systematik.
A.S. Sequeira and B.D. Farrell (2001): Evolutionary origins of Gondwanan interactions: How old are Araucaria beetle herbivores? PDF file, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74: 459-474.
! D.E. Shcherbakov (2008): Insect recovery after the Permian/Triassic crisis. PDF file, Alavesia, 2: 125-131.
D.E. Shcherbakov (2008): On Permian and Triassic Insect Faunas in Relation to Biogeography and the Permian–Triassic Crisis. In PDF, Paleontological Journal, 42: 15-31.
D.E. Shcherbakov, Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia: Permian Faunas of Homoptera (Hemiptera) in Relation to Phytogeography and the Permo-Triassic Crisis. Paleontological Journal, Vol. 34, Suppl. 3, 2000, pp. S251–S267.
Ted Snyder, Department of Entomology, and the NC State AgNIC Systematic Entomology Team, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC: NC State AgNic Entomology, A Guide to Online Insect Systematic Resources. Well organized insight to internet entomology resources, including insect plant interactions.
J. Szwedo and A. Nel (2011): The oldest aphid insect from the Middle Triassic of the Vosges, France. In PDF, Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 56: 757-766.
! Tree of Life. The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL) is a collaborative effort of biologists from around the world. On more than 4000 World Wide Web pages, the project provides information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their evolutionary history (phylogeny), and characteristics. Go to: Insecta.
! John VanDyk, Department of Entomology, Iowa State University: Iowa State Entomology Index of Internet Resources. The directory and search engine of insect-related resources on the Internet. The intent of this site is to maintain a collaborative database of useful sites and organize them in a usable manner. In this way, this site serves as a "jumping-off point" for all entomology sites.
The Virtual Fossil Museum (Paleo Ring): An educational resource dedicated to fossils. Insect evolution. See also: Insects.
! B.M. Wiegmann et al. (2009): Holometabolous insects (Holometabola). PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Wikipedia Germany: Insekten (in German).
Edward O. Wilson (Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA), and Bert Hölldobler (Theodor-Boveri-Institut für Biowissenschaften (Biozentrum) der Universität, Würzburg, Germany): The rise of the ants: A phylogenetic and ecological explanation. PDF file, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (PNAS), 102(21): 7411-7414; 2005.
Isaak S. Winkler and Charles Mitter (2008): The phylogenetic dimension of insect-plant interactions: a review of recent evidence. PDF file.
YAHOO Groups: Paleogeoarthropoda. Paleogeoarthropoda is referring to all non-marine arthropods (i.e., from brackish, freshwater, and terrestrial environments), including chelicerata (xiphosura, eurypterida and "arachnids"), euthycarcinoidea, myriapoda, hexapoda (insecta and others), and some crustaceans. To join, click "Join Group" and follow instructions to become a pending member.
! V.V. Zherikhin:
Ecological history of the terrestrial insects.
History of Insects
(Kluwer Academic Publishers).
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