Teaching Documents, Lecture Notes and Tutorials /
Teaching Documents about Palynology and Palynofacies
Teaching Documents about Palaeobotany
What is Palaeontology or Palaeobiology?
Teaching Documents about Palaeontology and Palaeoecology
Teaching Documents about Ichnology
Teaching Documents about Ecology
Teaching Documents about Taphonomy
Teaching Documents about Plant Anatomy
Teaching Documents about Wood Anatomy and Tree-Ring Research
Teaching Documents about Botany
Teaching Documents about Biology
Teaching Documents about Evolution
Teaching Documents about Mass Extinction
Teaching Documents about Classification and Nomenclature
Teaching Documents about Cladistics and Phylogeny
Teaching Documents about Palaeogeography
Teaching Documents about Palaeoclimate
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods
Introductions to Statistics
Meta Indexes of Online Education
Virtual Field Trips
! Palynological Preparation Techniques@
! Palynology Databases@
! Progress in Palaeobotany and Palynology@
Dinoflagellates, Silicoflagellates and Others@
Focused on Palaeoclimate@
! Introductions to both Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Botany@
AASP - The Palynological Society
(the former "American
Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation"):
! What is Palynology? Including some links about the history of palynology. See especially:
Palynology: Principles and Applications. Excellent! Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Keith W. Abineri, West Borough, Wimborne, Dorset, UK: THE EXAMINATION OF MICROFOSSILS, NANNOFOSSILS AND OTHER MICROSCOPICAL OBJECTS USING CELLULOSE LACQUER ROCK PEELS.
Alexa (Alexa Internet, Inc.,
an Amazon.com Company).
Alexa is a Web Information Company, perhaps best known for the Alexa Rank,
the website ranking system which tracks over 30 million websites worldwide.
top ranked sites in category "Science".
! Australasian Pollen and Spore Atlas (APSA). Free online access to the largest collection of pollen and spores information in the Australasian region. The APSA collection is currently located at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia.
! D. Bailey (2014), FORCE Biostratigraphy Seminar: New observations on Mesozoic miospores and acritarchs, and the implications for existing taxonomy, classification and phylogeny. in PDF.
David J. Batten and Darrin T. Stead (2007):
Analysis and its Stratigraphic Application. PDF file; In:
Koutsoukos, Eduardo A.M. (ed.)
Stratigraphy. Series: Topics in Geobiology, Vol. 23.
See also here (in PDF) and there (Google books).
A.B. Beaudoin (1996): What is palynology? C.A.P. Newsletter, 19: 11-17.
Alwynne B. Beaudoin, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton: A CAREER AS A PALYNOLOGIST. Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine. See also Highlights from Recent CAP Newsletters. Selected articles online in palynology.
H.J.B. Birks et al. (2016): The fourth dimension of vegetation. Science, 354: 412-413.
University of Bergen and University College, London:
Pollen-climate transfer functions - problems and pitfalls.
S. Blackmore (2007): Pollen and spores: Microscopic keys to understanding the earth´s biodiversity. In PDF, Pl. Syst. Evol., 263: 3-12.
! The Botanical Society of America: Online Image Collection. This is a collection of approximately 800 images available for instructional use. The site is run by a search engine database, designed and maintained by Scott Russell; slides scanned by Tom Jurik and Dave Webb. The copyright and any intellectual property rights for these images are retained by the individual donors. Visit "Set 10 - Pollen". Slides contributed by Darlene DeMason and Marsh Sundberg and others.
Monica Bruckner, Montana State University ( website hosted by Microbial Life, Educational Resources): Paleoclimatology: How Can We Infer Past Climates?
! Owen Kent Davis, Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson: Palynology. This page outlines information about palynology in the broadest sense. Go to Palynology Definitions & Illustrations . Excellent! See also: UofA Palynology Web Site of the Month.
! Owen Kent Davis, Department of Geosciences,
University of Arizona, Tucson:
Palynology. This page outlines information about palynology in the broadest sense. Go to Palynology Definitions & Illustrations . Excellent! See also: UofA Palynology Web Site of the Month.
See especially: University of Arizona, Catalog of Internet Pollen and Spore Images,
! Catalog of Internet Pollen and Spore Images. Superbly done!
! Owen Davis, Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ:
Palynology - Pollen.
Pollen and Spore Identification Literature.
Palynology - Pollen. Including a key to pollen classes.
These expired links are now available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
Owen Kent Davis, Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona Tucson: QUATERNARY PALYNOLOGY AND PLANT MACROFOSSILS. Lecture notes. Go to: Pollen Diagrams.
Danielle Drayton, Department of Biology, University of Miami: Welcome to the Fascinating World of Phylum Dinoflagellata (now via wayback archive). Information about dinoflagellate morphology, life history and evolution of dinoflagellates.
! G. Erdtman (1943): An introduction to pollen analysis. In PDF
Kenneth L. Finger, Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, CA: What Are Microfossils?
! Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville: Phytogeographic Inferences from Paleobotany (Powerpoint presentatation).
Michael Hesse et al. (2009): Pollen Terminology. An illustrated handbook. Abstract: "The term palynology was coined after a written discussion with Ernst ANTEVS and A. Orville DAHL in the Pollen Analysis Circular no. 8 by HYDE and WILLIAMS (1944)".
Christopher L. Hill,
Boise State University, Boise, Idaho:
Great Strategies for Teaching Paleontology
Paleobotany – 200,000 Years of Pollen and Environmental Change. Powerpoint presentation. See also here . In PDF.
C. Hill, Boise State University: Background Information for Paleobotany Exercise: 200,000 Years of Pollen and Environmental Change. In PDF.
Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Palynology and its geological applications. A version archived by Internet Archive Wayback Machine. Worth checking out: The Glossary.
Feli Hopf, Peter Shimeld, Stuart Pearson, Pollen Image Management,
School of Environmental and Life Sciences at the University of Newcastle, Australia
(website hosted by Australasian Quaternary Association):
! The Newcastle Pollen Collection. This pollen collection offers a text or a graphics search. Excellent! Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
! J. Jansonius and D.C. McGregor (1996): Introduction, Palynology: Principles and Applications. AASP Foundation. v. 1, pp 1-10: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE p.1-2. The history of palynology. Website saved by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
David M. Jarzen, Paleobotany Division, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida: What Is Palynology?
! T.P. Jones and Nick P. Rowe (eds.), Google Books
(some pages are ommitted):
Fossil plants and spores:
Published by Geological Society, 1999,
396 pages. Excellent! Click:
Go to page 47:
Light microscopy of fossil pollen and spores.
Petra Kaltenrieder and Peter von Ballmoos, Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland: Introduction to Pollen Analysis. Go to: Illustrated key to the 44 pollen- and spore types found in quarternary sediments in Switzerland.
Laboratory of Paleobotany,
Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
(PIN RAS), Moscow. See also here:
! Palynodata (now available by Eugeny Karasev).
This great bibliographic database is based on Gerhard O. W. Kremp's initial research and compiled since 1974 by Palynodata Inc., under the direction of Ken Piel. 122,422 species are currently indexed from 22,152 documents of global palynological literature.
J.H. Lipps, Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley: Microfossils.
John H. McAndrews, from CAP Newsletter 21(2):23, 1998: Palynological Myths: Monitoring Contamination of Fossil Pollen Preparations.
! M. Macphail and G.S. Hope (2003): Natural Histories: An illustrated guide to fossil pollen and spores preserved in swamps and mires of the Southern Highlands, NSW. PalaeoWorks Technical Report 1. 134 pollen and spore taxa as colour images.
! Andrew MacRae, Palynology at The University of Calgary Dept. of Geology and Geophysics: What is paleopalynology? Information about preservation and processing samples, spores, pollen and dinoflagellates, and type image repository. See also: Terrestrial palynomorphs -- spores and pollen.
G. Mackenzie et al. (2015): Sporopollenin, the least known yet toughest natural biopolymer. Frontiers in Materials, 2.
Matthew Mason, EnvironmentalScience.org: With Palynology We Can See the Tiniest Details.
R. Mathieu et al.: Manuel de Micropaléontologie . (in French). The Handbook of Micropaleontology. See also here (in PDF).
Micropaleontology Press: What is micropaleontology?
The Micropalaeontological Society (TMS).
TMS exists to advance the education of the public in the study of Micropalaeontology and is operated exclusively for scientific and educational purposes and not for profit. See especially: Palynology.
MIRACLE (Microfossil Image Recovery And Circulation for Learning and Education), University College London, Micropalaeontology Unit: Palynology.Edgar Moctezuma, Plant Biology for Non-Science Majors, Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, College of Life Sciences, University of Maryland:
Germán Mora and William Gutowski, Department of Geological & Atmospheric Sciences,
Iowa State University:
Quaternary Paleoclimatology. Lecture notes. Go to:
Pollen Analysis. Powerpoint presentation.
D.R. Oldroyd (ed.), 2002:
Earth Inside and Out:
Some Major Contributions to Geology
in the Twentieth Century. In PDF,
Geological Society Special Publication 192.
Table of contents on PDF page 6. See especially:
! PDF page 280, W.A.S. Sarjeant: "As chimney-sweepers, come to dust": a history of palynology to 1970.
Matthew Olney, Micropalaeontology Unit, University College, London (now at Northern Illinois University, U.S.A.):
An insight into micropalaeontology.
The purpose of this site is to provide an introduction to the subject of micropalaeontology based
on microfossil images. Use the dark blue text to navigate
around the site. Go to:
Spores and Pollen.
Acritarchs and Chitinozoa.
Dinoflagellates. See also:
The Link Page, containing an alphabetical list of links that may be of interest or use to anyone searching the world wide web on the subject of micropalaeontology.
Jeffrey M. Osborn: Palynology (PDF file).
Janine Pendleton, Sheffield University, UK: Palaeobotany of the Bristol coalfield: a critical period of global change. Powerpoint presentation.
! W. Punt, S. Blackmore, S. Nilsson and A. Le
Thomas (a project of the Working Group on Palynological
Terminology, under the auspices of the International Federation of
Palynological Societies (IFPS). Second and revised edition by Peter Hoen,
Department of Palaeobotany & Palynology,
University of Utrecht:
Glossary of Pollen and Spore Terminology (Second and revised edition by Peter Hoen,
now via wayback archive).
The objective of the project has been to provide a concise manual
of terminology that can be used to clarify the
communication of information concerning pollen grains and spores.
! See also here.
Quizlet.com study tools:
! Search for Palynology.
O. Ronneberger, U. Heimann, E. Schultz, V. Dietze, H. Burkhardt, R. Gehrig: Automated pollen recognition using gray scale invariants on 3D volume image data (now via wayback archive). Second European Symposium on Aerobiology, Vienna / Austria, Sept. 5 - 9, 2000.
The Latz Research Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, Dinoflagellates: This section describes the life history and ecology of dinoflagellates, and explains how and why they produce bioluminescence.
Michael G. Simpson: Palynology (Powerpoint presentatation).
Lee Spencer and Art Chadwick, Earth History Research Center (a non-profit, non-sectarian organization of scientists), Southwestern Adventist University Keene, TX: Name that Pollen or Spore.
Thomas Stebler, Switzerland:
(in German). Worth checking out:
Maryland Archeobotany, The Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory, Maryland´s State Museum of Archaeology, St. Leonard: See also: How To Read A Pollen Diagram.Greg Thorn, Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, Canada:
A. Traverse (2007):
Springer. Provided by Google books. See especially:
! Palynological Laboratory Techniques (in PDF).
Unit of Micropalaeontology, University College, London (website written, designed and produced by Matthew Olney, University College, London, U.K., now at Northern Illinois University, U.S.A.): MIRACLE, the Microfossil Image Recovery And Circulation for Learning and Education web-site. Go to: Palynology, and Spores and Pollen.
U.S. Geological Survey:
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.
! Charles H. Wellman and Jane Gray (2000): The microfossil record of early land plants. PDF file, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, 355: 717-732.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: A history of palynology.
! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Spores, Palynofacies, and
A history of palynology.
See also: The German Wikipedia:
Sporen (in German).
Dan Yeloff and Chris Hunt (2004):
Fluorescence microscopy of pollen and spores: a tool for
investigating environmental change.
Top of page
Links for Palaeobotanists
Search in all "Links for Palaeobotanists" Pages!