Links for Palaeobotanists

Home / Selected Geology / The Gaia Hypothesis

Geologic Time Scale
Sedimentology and Sedimentary Rocks

! Ecology & Palaeoenvironment@
Web Sites about Evolution@
Teaching Documents about Evolution@
! Focussed on the Fossil Record@
Teaching Documents about Geochronological Methods@
Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy@
Teaching Documents about Historical Geology@
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Palaeontology@

The Gaia Hypothesis

Noel Charlton, Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK: Philosophical Implications of The Gaia Theory.

! L.T. Collins (2024): CyberGaia: Earth as cyborg. Open access, Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 11.
"... from a cybernetic perspective, nature and technology together represent an inextricably connected network of signals and feedback, continuously developing as an organic whole.
[...] seeing the world as an interconnected cybernetic network may help us to better understand the biosphere in its totality while motivating us to take actions which help protect and preserve CyberGaia’s diverse menagerie of human and nonhuman life ..."

Encyclopedia of Science: Gaia Hypothesis.

Environmentalists For Nuclear (sic!): James Lovelock. This web site has been reviewed and approved by James Lovelock himself, as they say. Go to: Picture gallery.
Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! A. Free and N.H. Barton (2007): Do evolution and ecology need the Gaia hypothesis? Trends in ecology & evolution, 22.
See likewise here.
Note figure 2: Illustration of the range of spatial and temporal scaling necessary to extrapolate from molecular and cellular processes to the biosphere.
"... Gaia theory, which describes the life–environment system of the Earth as stable and self-regulating, has remained at the fringes of mainstream biological science
[...] The key issue is whether and why the biosphere might tend towards stability and self-regulation. We review the various ways in which these issues have been addressed by evolutionary and ecological theory, and relate these to ‘Gaia theory’ ..."

! S.B. Hedges (2009): Life. PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).

Daniel Jeffares and Anthony Poole (an original article):
Were Bacteria the First Forms of Life on Earth?. In PDF.
Human cells can reveal evolutionary history because they contain molecular fossils, exhibit mechanisms that were in development when life began, and indicate that ancient organisms may be more complex than first thought.
Still available via Internet Archive Wayback Machine.

Lawrence E. Joseph, James Lovelock, Gaia's grand old man. The scientist who first theorized that our planet is a biological organism, not merely a rock, discusses life on Earth and the possibilities for its future.

Mahesh Karnani and Arto Annila (2009): Gaia again. PDF file, BioSystems, 95: 82-87.

M. Alan Kazlev, Kheper website, Australia: The Gaia Hypothesis.

! V.J.W. Kirchner (2002): The Gaia hypothesis: Fact, theory, and wishful thinking. PDF file, Climatic Change.

J.W. Kirchner (1989): The Gaia hypothesis: can it be tested? PDF file, Rev. Geophys.

Brig Klyce, Cosmic Ancestry: GAIA.

Holger Lange, Lehrstuhl für Ökologische Modellbildung, Universität Bayreuth, Germany: Die Gaia Hypothese (in German).
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

B. Latour (2016): Why Gaia is not a God of Totality. Abstract, Theory, Culture & Society. See also: How to make sure Gaia is not a God of Totality?. In PDF.

! T.M. Lenton and D.M. Wilkinson (2003): Developing the Gaia Theory. A Response to the Criticisms of Kirchner and Volk. In PDF, Climatic Change.

! T.M. Lenton (1998): Gaia and natural selection. Abstract, Nature, 394. See also here (in PDF).

! James E. Lovelock (website by BBC Sci Tech News): "We can´t save the planet". Interviews by John Humphrys (videos).

! J.E. Lovelock and L. Margulis (1974): Atmosperic homeostasis by and for the biosphere: the gaia hypothesis. In PDF. See also here (Tellus).

! Stephen Miller (1989): Gaia Hypothesis. An introduction. All quotes from James Lovelock, taken from The Ages of Gaia.
Still available via Internet Archive Wayback Machine. (sic): Die GAIA-Hypothese (in German).

A.E. Nicholson et al. (2018): Gaian bottlenecks and planetary habitability maintained by evolving model biospheres: the ExoGaia model. Abstract, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 477: 727–740. See also here (in PDF).

! E.G. Nisbet and N.H. Sleep (2001): The habitat and nature of early life. PDF file, Nature, 409.
The link is to a version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! S.L. Olson et al. (2018): Earth: Atmospheric Evolution of a Habitable Planet. PDF file, In: Deeg H., Belmonte J. (eds.) Handbook of Exoplanets. Springer. See also here.
Worth checking out: Figure 2, co-evolution of life and surface environments on Earth.

Oxford University Press: James Lovelock, Gaia. A New Look at Life on Earth. Book announcement.

K.A. Peacock (2012): Symbiosis in Ecology and Evolution. In PDF; In: D.M. Gabbay, P. Thagard and J. Woods (eds.): Handbook of The Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Ecology. San Diego.

Michael Pidwirny, Department of Geography, Okanagan University College, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada: FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY. The main purpose of Physical Geography is to explain the spatial characteristics of the various natural phenomena that exist in Earth's hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. Go to: The Universe, Earth, Natural Spheres, and Gaia.

M. Piqueras (2010): Homage to Gaia. The life of an independent scientist. James E. Lovelock. Book review, PDF file, International Microbiology.

Hugh Rance, Queens College, CUNY: The Present is the Key to the Past: Topics in Historical Geology. A textbook. Go to: The Gaia metaphor.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

M. Romano (2015): Reviewing the term uniformitarianism in modern Earth sciences. In PDF, Earth-Science Reviews, 148: 65–76.
See likewise here.

! H.J. Schellnhuber (1999): "Earth system" analysis and the second Copernican revolution. Open access, Nature, 402.

Steve Smith, University of Wales, Bangor:
Gaiaweb. These pages are dedicated to the ever changing Gaian theories that we have today. Go to:
Extracts, From Gaia to Global Geophysiology.
These expired links are still available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! W. Steffen et al, (2020): The emergence and evolution of Earth System Science. In PDF, Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 1: 54–63.
See also here. "... ESS [Earth System Science] has produced new concepts and frameworks central to the global-change discourse, including the Anthropocene, tipping elements and planetary boundaries. Moving forward, the grand challenge for ESS is to achieve a deep integration of biophysical processes and human dynamics to build a truly unified understanding of the Earth System ..."

! H Tian et al. (2016): The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. In PDF, Nature. See also here (abstract).

G.J. Vermeij (2017): How the land became the locus of major evolutionary innovations. In PDF, Current Biology; 27: 3178–3182. See also here.

G.J. Vermeij (2015): Forbidden phenotypes and the limits of evolution. In PDF, Interface Focus 5: 20150028.

! Helmut Weissert Geologie, ETH Zürich: Evolution der Biosphäre. Bilder aus der Erdgeschichte. PDF file, in German.
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Gaia hypothesis.

D.M. Wilkinson (2012): Paleontology and Ecology: Their Common Origins and Later Split. In PDF.
In: J. Louys (ed.): Paleontology in Ecology and Conservation.
See also here (in PDF, slow download, 277 pages) and there.

Mark W. Williams, Department of Geography, University of Colorado, Boulder: GAIA lecture notes. Powerpoint presentation.
See also here and there.

Top of page
Links for Palaeobotanists
Search in all "Links for Palaeobotanists" Pages!
index sitemap advanced
site search by freefind

This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
Last updated March 05, 2024