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Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Categories
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: General
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Palaeontology
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Botany
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Biology
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Environment
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Microscopy
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Geology
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Chemistry and Geochemistry
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Statistics
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Meta Indexes
Databases focused on Palaeobotany and Palaeontology
Databases focused on Botany and Biology
Natural Stones
Scientific Unit Converter
Ask-An-Earth-Scientist or Palaeontologist
National Geophysical Data Center and NASA
Meta Indexes of Scientific Databases
What´s New for Palaeo- and Geoscientists















Home / Helpful Databases and Glossaries / Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias / Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: General


Categories
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Palaeontology
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Botany
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Biology
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Environment
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Microscopy
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Geology
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Chemistry and Geochemistry
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Statistics
Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: Meta Indexes
Databases focused on Palaeobotany and Palaeontology
Databases focused on Botany and Biology
Natural Stones
Scientific Unit Converter
Ask-An-Earth-Scientist
National Geophysical Data Center and NASA
Meta Indexes of Scientific Databases
What´s New for Palaeo- and Geoscientists

Search Engines@


Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias: General


First of All ...
1st Choice Translations (Erika Baker): Useful Dictionaries. An index page.

dmoz(the largest, most comprehensive human-edited directory of the Web):
! Glossaries.
! Reference.
! Wissen (in German).
! Dictionaries.

! Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg: Digitalisierte Literatur weltweit. An annotated link list (in German).

Spektrum.de (Spektrum der Wissenschaft Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Heidelberg, Germany):
! "Online Lexika" (in German). Online encyclopaedias of different topics, e.g.
! Geosciences.
! Biology.
! Biology compact.
Excellent!

Study.com Insider News Blog:
! Top Encyclopedia Sites for Student Research Papers. A link directory of top encyclopedia sites.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Glossary.

1Up Info (part of the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Columbia University Press): Encyclopedia. An online encyclopedia with numerous articles on many topics.

Alcwin.org. A dictionary variety, e.g. Dictionary of Geology, Chemical Terminology, Chemical Terms, Computer Abbreviations, etc.

! AllRefer.com. A database of reference materials, round 52,000 articles.

! bab.la dictionary (a language project by Andreas Schroeter, Thomas Schroeter and Patrick Uecker). Translations in many different languages, ranging from colloquial and regional expressions to more technical or field-specific vocabulary. Special features include search filters, synonyms, pronunciation, sample sentences and much more.

babylon.com Ltd.: Free Dictionaries & Glossaries.

Alwynne B. Beaudoin, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton: A Dictionary of Quaternary Acronyms and Abbreviations. This dictionary consists of acronyms and abbreviations in Quaternary studies, including societies and technique abbreviations and "terms in common use".

Institute for Chemistry, Freie Universität Berlin: Acronyms and Abbreviations. This data base, consisting of more than 12.000 acronyms, has a bias towards acronyms used in chemistry or spectroscopy. The special data base of abbreviations of chemical compound names has been incorporated into the acronym database.

! Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin: Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache des 20. Jahrhunderts (in German). Excellent!

Paul Brians, Department of English, Washington State University, Pullman: Common Errors in English. A site to assist you in avoiding common errors in your writing.
Snapshot taken by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

CambridgeSoft Corporation (formerly Cambridge Scientific Computing): ChemFinder. A WWW-based chemical search engine. Fill in any of the fields that you want to search over, ChemFinder will locate any compounds that match all of the criteria you specified. Excellent!

CIA: The World Factbook. The World Factbook is a comprehensive view of each country in the world through facts and statistics on such topics as population, economy and government. The book also includes maps and flags for each country.

Computer User High-Tech Dictionary: File Types. These extensions at the end of a filename refer to the type of file it is. This information is used by your operating system to launch an appropriate program when you click on the filename.

Encarta Online (closed down since March 2009). See also here (Wikipedia), and there (Focus, in German).

Encyclopedia.com: The internet´s premiere free encyclopedia! More than 17,000 articles from "The Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclpedia", Third Edition.

English-dictionary.us (?Mike Harding). This is a powerful, no-frills English dictionary containing over 200,000 references with both US and British spellings. You can add a search box on your website for this new online dictionary by using the code on http://www.english-dictionary.us/searchbox.html.

Farlex Free Dictionary. A link directory of dictionaries by subject.

! Norbert und Doris Fischer, Mainz, Germany: Excavation Dictionary. A German-English English-German collection of technical terms in excavation technology and archaeology.

FOCUS: Online-Nachschlagewerke. An index of web-dictionaries, in German.

Freeality Internet Search: Online Encyclopedias. All in one page.

GEOnet Names Server (GNS): GNS provides access to the National Imagery and Mapping Agency´s (NIMA) database of foreign geographic feature names. Approximately 12,000 of the databases 3.3 million features are updated monthly with names information approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (US BGN).

Houghton Mifflin Company, Bartleby.com: The American Heritage Book of English Usage. A Practical and Authoritative Guide to Contemporary English. Science Terms: Distinctions, Restrictions, and Confusions. A discussion of familiar words that have specific or specialized meanings in science and scientific terms that are easy to confuse.

! Institute of Translation and Interpretation, University of Innsbruck: Dictionaries and term banks. A link list. See especially: "Speziallinks", "Innsbrucker Termbank Online" (by Irmgard Rieder and Peter Sandrini).

Elizabeth Keller, Extreme Science: Coldest, Highest, Fastest on Earth. Facts about extremes in physical geography, climate, and animal biology. With links to external sites, and excellent text that provides in-depth information.

Burkhard Kirste, Department of Chemistry, FU Berlin: Conversion of Units (Including currency conversion and conversion of temperatures). Links worth checking out: General chemistry. Physical quantities, constants, units.

! Langenscheidt KG, Berlin: Langenscheidts Fremdwörterbuch (in German).

! Projekt Deutscher Wortschatz, Institut für Informatik, Universität Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon. This database might be used as a special type of German dictionary and dictionary of accompanied expressions. It might also be used as thesaurus, even for English, French and Netherlands. You can also navigate from here.

! LEO: English/German Dictionary. This dictionary contains more than 170.000 entries.

! Merriam-Webster Online. A dictionary and thesaurus. You can hear the pronunciations in this on-line dictionary. Excellent!

Michigan Proficiency Exams: Need prefix suffix help? and The Suffix List.

naturalSCIENCE: Quotations. A short dictionary of scientific quotations.

! Omnilexica (by Lucian Velea). This website provides definitions and encyclopedic content, pronunciation and usage examples (including vernacular and scientific names), from a large variety of English dictionaries and encyclopedias, e.g. from WordNet, Oxford Dictionaries, Cambridge Dictionaries, Merriam-Webster´s Dictionaries, American Heritage Dictionaries, Wikipedia, and Wiktionary.

Peter Ommundsen, Selkirk College, Canada: Pronunciation of Biological Latin. Including taxonomic names of plants and animals. See also here (PDF file).

! OneLook Dictionaries. You may search all or a few of the dictionaries and then quickly retrieve the definitions found. An asterisk character in a search string is a wildcard that matches any number (including zero) of any characters. Excellent!

! PONS.eu, The Language Portal: Online dictionary. English-German/German-English. The PONS lexical database contains a total of 4,579,426 headwords, phrases, and their translations in English, French, Spanish, Italian, Polish and Russian. Free of charge!

! Purdue University Libraries: Quick Reference. Excellent!

Research it! A versatile search engine site, with thesaurus, search through dictionaries, translators, the CIA Factbook, etc.

! Roget´s Thesaurus. Search for related English words and phrases. Excellent!

! James L. Reveal, Norton-Brown Herbarium, University of Maryland: FindIT, Links to Web Sites of Botanical Interest, Dictionaries. Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology - Life Sciences - e.g. Biology, Botany, Cell Biology, Ecology, Evolution, Molecular Biology, Systematics, etc. Excellent!

Russ Rowlett, Center for Mathematics and Science Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: How Many? A dictionary of units of measurement.

Dave Sperling, ESL Cafe´s Web Guide: Dictionaries.

! Spektrum.de Spektrum Akademischer Verlag: Online-Lexika (in German).

Swain Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Library, Stanford University Libraries, CA: BEILSTEIN Dictionary German - English, English - German. This online dictionary, actually intented for users of the Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry, contains most German words occurring in the Beilstein Handbook, as well as common abbreviations, alphabetically listed with their English equivalents (about 2,100 entries). Umlauts are not included in this computer version of the dictionary. Excellent!

Frank Tapson, Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching, University of Exeter: A Dictionary of Units. This website provides a summary of most of the units of measurement to be found in use around the world today (and a few of historical interest), together with the appropriate conversion factors needed to change them into a "standard" unit.

VoyCabulary. This is a powerful web tool which will link web pages or phrases to online dictionaries or thesauruses. If you wish to process a webpage, enter in the URL (address) of the website into the textbox. If you have some text, maybe from a word processor, you may simply cut and paste it into the textbox and VoyCabulary will process it as well.

Wageningen Agricultural University and the Agricultural Research Department DLO, Netherlands: AGRALIN Desktop Library. At the electronic reference desk find conversion tables, encyclopedias, dictionaries, glossaries, biographies, phone books, maps, and more.

! Robert K. Ware, Englewood, CO, USA: OneLook Dictionaries. The faster finder. A great site!

! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia is an international free encyclopedia that is being written collaboratively by the readers of this web site. Also available in German. Excellent!

! wissen.de GmbH, München: Deutsche Wörterbücher (in German) Access to Wahrig Deutsches Wörterbuch, Wahrig Deutsche Rechtschreibung, Wahrig Fremdwörterlexikon. See also: "Profisuche".

! xipolis.NET GmbH & Co. KG: Mr. Check. Fremdwörterbuch (in German).

! YourDictionary.com (formerly Robert Beard, Bucknell University; "A Web of Online Dictionaries"). An index of on-line dictionaries, including multilingual dictionaries, specialized English dictionaries, thesauri and other vocabulary aids.










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This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
e-mail
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Last updated January 08, 2017
















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