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The Gaia Hypothesis

Noel Charlton, Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK: Philosophical Implications of The Gaia Theory.

! dmoz: Science: Math: Applications: Complex Systems: Abstract Organisms: Gaia.

Encyclopedia of Science: Gaia Hypothesis.

Environmentalists For Nuclear (sic!): James Lovelock. This web site has been reviewed and approved by James Lovelock himself, as they say. Go to: Picture gallery.
Provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! S.B. Hedges (2009): Life. PDF file, In: S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar (eds.): The Timetree of Life (see here).

Daniel Jeffares and Anthony Poole (an original article): Were Bacteria the First Forms of Life on Earth? Human cells can reveal evolutionary history because they contain molecular fossils, exhibit mechanisms that were in development when life began, and indicate that ancient organisms may be more complex than first thought.

Lawrence E. Joseph, James Lovelock, Gaia's grand old man. The scientist who first theorized that our planet is a biological organism, not merely a rock, discusses life on Earth and the possibilities for its future.

Mahesh Karnani and Arto Annila (2009): Gaia again. PDF file, BioSystems, 95: 82-87.

M. Alan Kazlev, Kheper website, Australia: The Gaia Hypothesis.

! V.J.W. Kirchner (2002): The Gaia hypothesis: Fact, theory, and wishful thinking. PDF file, Climatic Change.

J.W. Kirchner (1989): The Gaia hypothesis: can it be tested? PDF file, Rev. Geophys.

Brig Klyce, Cosmic Ancestry: GAIA.

Holger Lange, Lehrstuhl für Ökologische Modellbildung, Universität Bayreuth, Germany: Die Gaia Hypothese (in German).
Snapshot provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

B. Latour (2016): Why Gaia is not a God of Totality. Abstract, Theory, Culture & Society. See also: How to make sure Gaia is not a God of Totality?. In PDF.

! T.M. Lenton and D.M. Wilkinson (2003): Developing the Gaia Theory. A Response to the Criticisms of Kirchner and Volk. In PDF, Climatic Change.

! T.M. Lenton (1998): Gaia and natural selection. Abstract, Nature, 394. See also here (in PDF).

! James E. Lovelock (website by BBC Sci Tech News): "We can´t save the planet". Interviews by John Humphrys (videos).

! J.E. Lovelock and L. Margulis (1974): Atmosperic homeostasis by and for the biosphere: the gaia hypothesis. In PDF. See also here (Tellus).

! Stephen Miller (1989): Gaia Hypothesis. An introduction. All quotes from James Lovelock, taken from The Ages of Gaia. (sic): Die GAIA-Hypothese (in German).

A.E. Nicholson et al. (2018): Gaian bottlenecks and planetary habitability maintained by evolving model biospheres: the ExoGaia model. Abstract, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 477: 727740. See also here (in PDF).

! E.G. Nisbet and N.H. Sleep (2001): The habitat and nature of early life. PDF file, Nature, 409.
The link is to a version archived by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! S.L. Olson et al. (2018): Earth: Atmospheric Evolution of a Habitable Planet. PDF file, In: Deeg H., Belmonte J. (eds.) Handbook of Exoplanets. Springer. See also here.
Worth checking out: Figure 2, co-evolution of life and surface environments on Earth.

Oxford University Press: James Lovelock, Gaia. A New Look at Life on Earth. Book announcement.

K.A. Peacock (2012): Symbiosis in Ecology and Evolution. In PDF; In: D.M. Gabbay, P. Thagard and J. Woods (eds.): Handbook of The Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Ecology. San Diego.

Michael Pidwirny, Department of Geography, Okanagan University College, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada: FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY. The main purpose of Physical Geography is to explain the spatial characteristics of the various natural phenomena that exist in Earth's hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. Go to: The Universe, Earth, Natural Spheres, and Gaia.

M. Piqueras (2010): Homage to Gaia. The life of an independent scientist. James E. Lovelock. Book review, PDF file, International Microbiology.

Hugh Rance, Queens College, CUNY: The Present is the Key to the Past: Topics in Historical Geology. A textbook. Go to: The Gaia metaphor.
This expired link is available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! H.J. Schellnhuber (1999): "Earth system" analysis and the second Copernican revolution. In PDF, Nature, 402.

Steve Smith, University of Wales, Bangor: Gaiaweb. These pages are dedicated to the ever changing Gaian theories that we have today. Go to: Extracts, From Gaia to Global Geophysiology.

! H Tian et al. (2016): The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. In PDF, Nature. See also here (abstract).

G.J. Vermeij (2017): How the land became the locus of major evolutionary innovations. In PDF, Current Biology; 27: 31783182. See also here.

G.J. Vermeij (2015): Forbidden phenotypes and the limits of evolution. In PDF, Interface Focus 5: 20150028.

! Helmut Weissert Geologie, ETH Zürich: Evolution der Biosphäre. Bilder aus der Erdgeschichte. PDF file, in German.
Now provided by the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Gaia hypothesis.

D.M. Wilkinson (2012): Paleontology and Ecology: Their Common Origins and Later Split. In PDF.
In: J. Louys (ed.): Paleontology in Ecology and Conservation.
See also here (in PDF).

Mark W. Williams, Department of Geography, University of Colorado, Boulder: GAIA lecture notes. Powerpoint presentation.
See also here and there.

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This index is compiled and maintained by Klaus-Peter Kelber, Würzburg,
Last updated August 11, 2019