An annotated collection of pointers
to information on palaeobotany
or to WWW resources which may be of use to palaeobotanists (with an Upper Triassic bias).
An annotated collection of pointers
to information on palaeobotany
History of Palaeobotany
Articles in Palaeobotany
Plant Evolution, What is Palaeobotany? Jurassic Palaeobotany ...
Plant Anatomy & Taxonomy
Plant Classification, Chemotaxonomy, Phylogeography, Cladistic Methods ...
Palynological Associations, Acritarchs, Dinoflagellates, Palynofacies ...
Ecology & Palaeoenvironment
Stress Conditions, Palaeoenvironment, Ecosystem Recovery,
Palaeosoils, Plant Roots, Playa Lakes, Animal-Plant Interaction ...
Charcoal & Coal Petrology
Fossil charcoal, Fire Ecology, Coal Petrology, Coalification ...
Stomatal Density, Rise of Oxygen, Pre-Neogene Growth Rings ...
Evolution & Extinction
Evolution Sciences vs Creationism, Insect Evo, P-Tr Extinction ...
Geological Timescale, Palaeogeography, Sedimentology, Gaia Hypothesis ...
Palaeontological Software, Software of all topics ...
All about Upper Triassic
Triassic Palaeobotany, Tr. Palynology, Tr. Climate,
Triassic Stratigraphy, The European Keuper ...
Journals, Open Access Publishing, Abstracts, Books ...
Databases and Glossaries
Encyclopedias, Unit Converter, What´s New ...
Images of Plant Fossils
Fossil Plants, Reconstructions, Plant Photographs ...
Job & Experience
Labor Market, Grants, Field Camps, Internships ...
S.-Engines, Botany Search etc. Plagiarism S.
Palaeobotanical Directories, Palaeont. D., Bot. D. ...,
What´s New on Links for Palaeobotanists?
A. Bahr et al. (2020):
variability during the late Triassic: Re-assessing the role of orbital
forcing in the deposition of playa sediments in the Germanic Basin. In PDF,
"... The recurring pattern of pluvial events during the late Triassic demonstrates that orbital forcing, in particular eccentricity, stimulated the occurrence and intensity of wet phases. It also highlights the possibility that the Carnian Pluvial Event, although most likely triggered by enhanced volcanic activity, may also have been modified by an orbital stimulus. ..."
L.A. Buatois and M.G. Mángano (2004): Animal-substrate interactions in freshwater environments: applications of ichnology in facies and sequence stratigraphic analysis of fluvio-lacustrine successions. In PDF, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 228: 311-333. See also here.
D.R. Greenwood (2007): Fossil angiosperm leaves and climate: from Wolfe and Dilcher to Burnham and Wilf. In PDF, Courier Forsch.-Senckenberg, 258.
S. Bonneville et al. (2020): Molecular identification of fungi microfossils in a Neoproterozoic shale rock. In PDF, Science Advances, 6: eaax7599.
Y. Hu et al. (2018): Review of emissions from smouldering peat fires and their contribution to regional haze episodes. Open access, International Journal of Wildland Fire, 27: 293-312.
N.R. Cúneo et al. (2014): Late Cretaceous Aquatic Plant World in Patagonia, Argentina. Open access, PLoS ONE, 9: e104749.
National Research Council (2011), The National Academies Press, Washington, DC:
Earth's Deep Past: Lessons for
Our Climate Future. 177 pages.
In Understanding Earth's Deep Past, the National Research Council reports that rocks and sediments that are millions of years old hold clues to how the Earth's future climate would respond in an environment with high levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases.
! See also here (PDF files available to download for free). You may download PDF files from NAP by logging in as a guest, providing only your email address.
J.F. Genise et al. (2020): 100 Ma sweat bee nests: Early and rapid co-diversification of crown bees and flowering plants. Open access, PLoS ONE 15: e0227789.
R.S. Hermann et al. (2020): Understanding of Evolution Law among K–12 Public School Teachers. Free access, The American Biology Teacher, 82: 86-92.
A.B. Doweld (2018): Proposal to conserve the name Glyptolepis keuperiana with a conserved type (fossil Gymnospermae: Voltziopsida). Free access, Taxon, 67.
S. Dai et al. (2020):
of peat depositional environments in coal: A review. Free access,
International Journal of Coal Geology, 219.
! See especially fig. 5: Overview of the progression of plant and fungal tissues and burned material from the peat surface through peatification and coalification to produce the major maceral groups.
Fig. 6A: Coprolitic macrinite in a chamber in wood (now fusinite); the coprolites were charred along with the wood.
Note also fig. 10D: Fusinite in a Cretaceous coal.
Fig. 11C: Degraded inertinite in coal. Fusinite- and semifusinite-like reflectances indicating the charring of degraded material of woody origin.
J. Li et al. (2019): Mesozoic and Cenozoic palaeogeography, palaeoclimate and palaeoecology in the eastern Tethys. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 515: 1-5. See also here, and there (in PDF).
N. Tian et al. (2020): White-rotting fungus with clamp-connections in a coniferous wood from the Lower Cretaceous of Heilongjiang Province, NE China. Free access, Cretaceous Research, 105.
I. Méndez-Bedia et al. (2020):
and subaerial exposure microfabrics in a late Carboniferous-early Permian carbonate-volcanic
lacustrine-palustrine system (San Ignacio Formation,
Frontal Cordillera, Argentina).
Andean Geology, 47.
Note fig. 4B: Section of fossilized wood with a gallery, containing coprolites in radial oblique section of secondary xylem.
G. Pacyna (2019): Sphenopsid and fern remains from the Upper Triassic of Krasiejów (SW Poland). Abstract, Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 89: 307-316. See also here (in PDF).
R.A. Gastaldo (2019): Plants escaped an ancient mass extinction. In PDF, Nature, 567: 8-39. See also here.
Faizan Fahim, Server Guy:
Best Google Alternative Search Engines to Use in 2020 (December 2019).
8 Best Private Search Engines in 2020 – True No-Log Services (January 2020),
Lennart Pfahler, Die Welt, March 2019, (in German):
Die Wahrheit hinter der Suchmaschine, die besser ist als Google. Startpage better than Google!
Diese Suchmaschine ist besser als Google (March 2019). See also:
Stiftung Warentest, 26.03.2019: Suchmaschinen im Test: Eine schlägt Google.
The world's most private search engine. Startpage.com delivers online tools that help you to stay in control of your personal information. Excellent!
! C. Beimforde et al. (2014): Estimating the Phanerozoic history of the Ascomycota lineages: combining fossil and molecular data. In PDF, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 78: 386-398. See also here.
R. Honegger et al. (2013): The earliest records of internally stratified cyanobacterial and algal lichens from the Lower Devonian of the Welsh Borderland. In PDF, New Phytologist, 197: 264–275.
M.R. Gibling et al. (2014):
co-evolution of rivers and vegetation: a synthesis of current
knowledge. In PDF,
Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 125: 524–533. See also
Note fig. 2E: Log accumulation at base of braided-fluvial channel.
Note fig. 2F: Upright lycopsid tree, 1.5 m tall.
S.R. Stock (2019):
Methodology and Applications, Second Edition. Abstracts available. 389 pages,
Taylor & Francis.
All about computed tomography (CT).
Y. Nie et al. (2020):
for uncertainty in the evolutionary timescale of green plants through clock-partitioning and
fossil calibration strategies. In PDF, Syst. Biol., 69: 1–16.
See also here.
"... By taking into account various sources of uncertainty, we estimate that crown-group green plants originated in the Paleoproterozoic–Mesoproterozoic (1679.7–1025.6 Ma), crown-group Chlorophyta and Streptophyta originated in the Mesoproterozoic–Neoproterozoic (1480.0–902.9 Ma and 1571.8–940.9 Ma), and crown-group land plants originated in the Ediacaran to middle Ordovician (559.3– 459.9 Ma). ..."
M. Montagna et al. (2019): Recalibration of the insect evolutionary time scale using Monte San Giorgio fossils suggests survival of key lineages through the End-Permian Extinction. Abstract, Proc. R. Soc. B, 286.
! J.C. McElwain and M. Steinthorsdottir (2017): Paleoecology, Ploidy, Paleoatmospheric Composition, and Developmental Biology: A Review of the Multiple Uses of Fossil Stomata. Free access, Plant Physiology.
M. Barthel (2015): Die Rotliegendflora der Döhlen-Formation. PDF file, in German. Geologica Saxonica, 61: 105-238.
Science (full article with costs):
Brazil’s pick of a creationist to lead its higher education agency rattles scientists (by Herton Escobar, January 26, 2020).
! P.M. Hull et al. (2020): On impact and volcanism across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. In PDF, Science, 367: 266–272. See also here (abstract) and there (in German).
I. Szente et al. (2019): Managing and Surveying the Geological Garden at Tata (Northern Transdanubia, Hungary). Open access, Geoheritage, 11: 1353–1365.
H. El Atfy et al. (2019):
occurrence of palaeo-wildfires during deposition of the Bahariya Formation (early Cenomanian)
of Egypt. Open access,
Journal of Palaeogeography, 8.
See also here (in German).
E. Kustatscher et al. (2019): Triassic macro- and microfloras of the Eastern Southern Alps. In PDF, Geo.Alp, 16.
A.T. Aung et al. (2020): Three new fossil records of Equisetum (Equisetaceae) from the Neogene of south-western China and northern Vietnam. In PDF, PhytoKeys, 138: 3–15.
M.P. Nelsen et al. (2020): No support for the emergence of lichens prior to the evolution of vascular plants. In PDF, Gebiology, 18: 3-13. See also here.
V. Zimorski et al. (2019):
metabolism in anaerobic eukaryotes and Earth's late oxygenation. In PDF,
Free Radical Biology and Medicine.
See also here.
Note fig. 1: Summary of oxygen accumulation of earth history.
F. Herrera et al. (2020):
Krassilovia mongolica supports
recognition of a new and unusual group of
Mesozoic conifers. Open access,
PLoS ONE, 15: e0226779.
Note figs 6, 7: Reconstructions of Krassilovia mongolica. Drawings: Pollyanna von Knorring.
E.P. Anderson (2016): Understanding Soft-Bodied Taphonomy: An Integrated Approach Incorporating Theoretical, Fossil, and Experimental Studies. In PDF, Thesis, University of Colorado, Boulder. See also here.
D.E. Greenwalt et al. (2015): Taphonomy of the fossil insects of the middle Eocene Kishenehn Formation. In PDF, Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60: 931–947.
J.A. Ballesteros-Cánovas et al. (2015): A review of flood records from tree rings. In PDF, Progress in Physical Geography. See also here.
M.A. Carizzo et al. (2019):
ultrastructure in Brachyphyllum garciarum sp. nov (Lower Cretaceous,
Argentina) reveals its araucarian affinity. Abstract,
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 269: 104-128. See also
Note fig. 7: Brachyphyllum garciarum sp. nov. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the cuticles.
G. Guignard (2019): Thirty-three years (1986–2019) of fossil plant cuticle studies using transmission electron microscopy: A review. Abstract, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 271.
D. Chu et al. (2020): Ecological disturbance in tropical peatlands prior to marine Permian-Triassic mass extinction. In PDF, Geology, 48.
(by Klaus Graf, Neuss, Germany): Webblog, in German.
Piraten im Dark Web befreien wissenschaftliche Literatur. Many weblinks, in German).
The case for historians being more engaged in public affairs, not less (Adam Laats, December 24, 2019).
M. Le Couls et al. (2016): Becklesia maulnyi sp. nov.: A new cycadean species from the Lower Oxfordian (Upper Jurassic) of Écommoy (Sarthe, NW France). Abstract, Annales de Paléontologie, 102: 95-101. See also here (in PDF).
J.A. Heredia-Guerrero et al. (2014):
and Raman spectroscopic features of plant cuticles: a review. Free access,
Front. Plant Sci., 25.
Note table 2: Definition of semi-quantitative ratios from FTIR and their interpretation for the characterization of fossilized plant cuticles (adapted from Zodrow etal. 2012).
! G.R. Upchurch Jr. (1995): Dispersed angiosperm cuticles: Their history, preparation, and application to the rise of angiosperms in Cretaceous and Paleocene coals, southern western interior of North America. In PDF, International Journal of Coal Geology, 28: 161-227. See also here.
L. Zhang et al. (2020):
water lily genome and the early evolution of flowering plants. Open access,
Nature, 577: 79–84.
Worth checking out:
Fig. 1d: Summary phylogeny and timescale of 115 plant species. Blue bars at nodes represent 95% credibility intervals of the estimated dates.
C.C. Loron et al. (2019): Early fungi from the Proterozoic era in Arctic Canada. Abstract, Nature, 570: 232–235. See also here (in PDF), and there (review, in German).
Z. Kvacek (2004), Fossil Imprint (Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B, Natural History, 60: 1–8): In memoriam RNDr. Erwin Knobloch (7.9.1934-11.4.2004).
W.E. Stein et al. (2019):
Archaeopteris Roots Signal Revolutionary Change in Earliest Fossil Forests. Free access,
Current Biology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.11.067. See also
Worth checking out:
Scientists have discovered the world’s oldest forest—and its radical impact on life (by Colin Barras, Science Magazine, www.sciencemag.org/news/).
! M. Buchwitz et al. (2019): 3rd International Conference of Continental Ichnology 2019 Field Trip Guide. In PDF, Hallesches Jahrbuch für Geowissenschaften, Beiheft 46. See also here.
OpenDOAR. Directory of Open Access Repositories.
OpenDOAR enables the identification, browsing and search for repositories, based on a range of features, such as location, software or type of material held.
Keywords: Paleobotany, Palaeobotany, Paläobotanik, Paleophytologist, Paleophytology, Palaeophytologist, Palaeophytology, Paleobotánica, Paléobotanique, Paleobotânica, Paleobotanico, Palaeobotanica, Paleobotanika, Paleobotaniky, Paleobotanikai, Paleobotaniikka, Paleontology, Palaeontology, Paläontologie, Paleobotánica, Paleontológico, Paleobotânicos, Paleobotaników, Botany, Fossil Plants, Paleovegetation, Palaeovegetation, Palaeophyticum, Paleophyticum, permineralized plants, petrified, cuticle, cuticles, charcoal, Palynology, Palynologie, Taphonomy, Tafonomía, paleosoil, palaeosoil, mesophytic, mesophyticum, Paläovegetation, Pflanzenfossilien, Evolution, Phylogeny, Triassic, Trias, Triásico, Keuper, Ladinian, Carnian, Norian, Rhaetian, Index, Link Page.
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