Links for Palaeobotanists

An annotated collection of pointers to information on palaeobotany
or to WWW resources which may be of use to palaeobotanists (with an Upper Triassic bias).

What´s New on Links for Palaeobotanists?

History of Palaeobotany
Renowned Palaeobotanists, Progress in Palaeobotany ...
Teaching Documents
Palaeobotany, Palaeontology, Palaeoecology, Field Trip Guides ...
Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa
Sphenophyta, Cycads, Bennettitales, Coniferophyta ...
Preservation & Taphonomy
Plant Taphonomy, Cuticles, Amber, Log Jams ...
Palaeobotanical Tools
Preparation & Conservation, Drawing, Writing,
Microscopy, TEM, Photography, Microtomography ...
Institutions & Organisations
Selected Bot. Gardens and Herbaria, Nat. Hist. Museums,
Palaeobot. Collections, Internat. Palaeo Institutions ...
Conferences & List Server
Conferences, Mailing Lists, Newsgroups ...

Articles in Palaeobotany
Plant Evolution, What is Palaeobotany? Jurassic Palaeobotany ...
Plant Anatomy & Taxonomy
Plant Classification, Chemotaxonomy, Phylogeography, Cladistic Methods ...
Palynological Associations, Acritarchs, Dinoflagellates, Palynofacies ...
Ecology & Palaeoenvironment
Stress Conditions, Palaeoenvironment, Ecosystem Recovery,
Palaeosoils, Plant Roots, Playa Lakes, Animal-Plant Interaction ...
Charcoal & Coal Petrology
Fossil charcoal, Fire Ecology, Coal Petrology, Coalification ...
Stomatal Density, Rise of Oxygen, Pre-Neogene Growth Rings ...
Evolution & Extinction
Evolution Sciences vs Creationism, Insect Evo, P-Tr Extinction ...
Selected Geology
Geological Timescale, Palaeogeography, Sedimentology, Gaia Hypothesis ...
Palaeontological Software, Software of all topics ...
All about Upper Triassic
Triassic Palaeobotany, Tr. Palynology, Tr. Climate,
Triassic Stratigraphy, The European Keuper ...
Literature Search
Journals, Open Access Publishing, Abstracts, Books ...
Databases and Glossaries
Encyclopedias, Unit Converter, What´s New ...
Images of Plant Fossils
Fossil Plants, Reconstructions, Plant Photographs ...
Job & Experience
Labor Market, Grants, Field Camps, Internships ...
S.-Engines, Botany Search etc. Plagiarism S.
Palaeobotanical Directories, Palaeont. D., Bot. D. ...,

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What´s New on Links for Palaeobotanists?

Links for Palaeobotanists:
! Wound Response in Trees.

T.G. Klausen et al. (2019): The largest delta plain in Earth’s history. Free access, Geology, 47: 470-474.

R. Rößler (2019): Der Wald aus Stein unter Chemnitz – einzigartiges „Pompeji des Erdaltertums“. In German, PDF file. Kalenderblatt April 2019, Online-Plattform der Professur Geschichte Europas im Mittelalter und in der Frühen Neuzeit an der Technischen Universität Chemnitz.

E.D. Currano et al. (2008): Sharply increased insect herbivory during the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum. Free access, PNAS, 105: 1960-1964.

M. Stoffel and M. Klinkmüller (2013): 3D analysis of anatomical reactions in conifers after mechanical wounding: first qualitative insights from X-ray computed tomography. In PDF, Trees - Structure and Function, 27: 1805-1811. See also here.

F. Parisi et al.(2018): Linking deadwood traits with saproxylic invertebrates and fungi in European forests - a review. Free access, iForest 11: 423-436.

L. Luthardt et al. (2018): Severe growth disturbances in an early Permian calamitalean – traces of a lightning strike? Abstract, Palaeontographica Abteilung B, 298: 1-22.
! "... The special injury of the calamitalean described herein [...] exhibits an elongated to triangular shape, a central furrow, a scar-associated event ring of collapsed to distorted tracheids, and was ultimately overgrown by callus parenchyma. We suggest that this scar most likely was caused by a lightning strike ..."

! F.H. Schweingruber and A. Börner (2018):
The Plant Stem
A Microscopic Aspect
. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Open access! Excellent!
! Worth checking out: chapter 10.6 (starting on PDF page 161): Cambial wounding – Callus formation, overgrowing of wounds.

B. De Rybel et al. (2016): Plant vascular development: from early specification to differentiation. Abstract, Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol., 2016: 30-40. see also here and there (in PDF).

Karen Bledsoe, Western Oregon University:
Plant anatomy. Lecture notes, Powerpoint presentation.

! W.J. Lucas et al. (2013): The Plant Vascular System: Evolution, Development and Functions. In PDF, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 55: 294-388. See also here.

Wichita Falls Independent School District (WFISD), Wichita Falls, TX:
Plant anatomy. Lecture notes, Powerpoint presentation.

M.L. McKee et al. (2019): Experimental evidence for species-dependent responses in leaf shape to temperature: Implications for paleoclimate inference. Open access, PLoS ONE, 14: e0218884.

B. Erdei et al. (2019): First cycad seedling foliage from the fossil record and inferences for the Cenozoic evolution of cycads. In PDF, Biol. Lett., 15: 20190114. See also here.

C.H. Wellman (2017): Palaeoecology and palaeophytogeography of the Rhynie chert plants: further evidence from integrated analysis of in situ and dispersed spores. In PDF, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 373: 20160491. See also here.

! M.R. Bennett et al. (1996): Dropstones: their origin and significance. Abstract, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 121: 331-339. See also here (in PDF).

B. Chaloner and G. Creber, Royal Holloway, University of London (website hosted by The International Organisation of Palaeobotany, IOP): Unexpected occurrences, An unexpected exposure: Pleuromeia.
Now recovered from the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

! A. Elgorriaga et al. (2019): Relictual Lepidopteris (Peltaspermales) from the Early Jurassic Cañadón Asfalto Formation, Patagonia, Argentina. Abstract, Int. J. Plant Sci., 180. See also here (in PDF), and there.
"... and its youngest species, Lepidopteris ottonis, has been used as a Rhaetian marker for several European, Greenlandic, and American localities ..."
"... Lepidopteris scassoi represents the youngest occurrence of the genus by more than 20 Myr. Lepidopteris and Dicroidium lineages, dominant in Southern Hemisphere Triassic ecosystems, show a similar overall pattern of origination (Late Permian), diversification (late Early-Middle Triassic), and decline (Late Triassic), with relict occurrences during the Early Jurassic. ..."

K. Jewula et al. (2019): The late Triassic development of playa, gilgai floodplain, and fluvial environments from Upper Silesia, southern Poland. In PDF, Sedimentary Geology, 379: 25–45. See also here.
Note fig. 9A: Schematic illustration of the gilgai palaeoenvironment at Krasiejów.

M. Franz et al. (2018): Deep geothermal resources of the North German Basin: The hydrothermal reservoirs of the Stuttgart Formation (Schilfsandstein, Upper Triassic). Abstract, Z. Dt. Ges. Geowiss., 169: 53–387. See also here.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

J. Gravendyck et al. (2019): A biography and obituary of W.H. Eberhard Schulz (1931–2017). Free access, Palynology, DOI: 10.1080/01916122.2019.1620894

J.B. Riding et al. (2016): A biography and obituary of Alfred Traverse (1925–2015). Free access, Palynology, 40, DOI: 10.1080/01916122.2016.1164980

C. Mays et al. (2017): Polar wildfires and conifer serotiny during the Cretaceous global hothouse. In PDF, Geology, 45: 1119-1122. See also here.

R.A. Stockey (1977): Reproductive biology of the Cerro Cuadrado (Jurassic) fossil conifers: Pararaucaria patagonica. In PDF, American Journal of Botany, 64: 733-744. See also here.

! S.G. Lucas (2018): Permian-Triassic Charophytes: Distribution, Biostratigraphy and Biotic Events. Journal of Earth Science, 29: 778–793. See also here, and there (in PDF).

! G.J. Retallack and D.L. Dilcher (1988): Reconstructions of Selected Seed Ferns. In PDF, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 75: 1010–1057. See also here.
! Note fig. 1: Reconstructions of Stamnostoma huttense.
! Note fig. 3: Reconstructions of Lyrasperma scotia.
! Note fig. 4: Reconstructions of Calathospermum fimbriatum.
! Note fig. 5: Reconstructions of Lagenostoma lomaxii.
! Note fig. 6: Reconstructions of Pachytesta illionensis.
! Note fig. 7: Reconstructions of Callospermanion pusillum.
! Note fig. 8: Reconstructions of Dictyopteridium sporiferum.
! Note fig. 9: Reconstructions of Peltaspermum thomasii, Triassic.
! Note fig. 10: Reconstructions of Umkomasia cranulata, Triassic.
! Note fig. 11: Reconstructions of Caytonia nathorstii.

G. Shi et al. (2019): Diversity and homologies of corystosperm seed-bearing structures from the Early Cretaceous of Mongolia. Abstract, See also here (in PDF).
Note figure 12: Reconstruction of a shoot of Umkomasia mongolica.
Note figure 13: Reconstructions of the seed-bearing units of Umkomasia mongolica, Umkomasia corniculata and Umkomasia trilobata.

E.B. Santos Filho et al. (2017): Evidence of plant–insect interaction in the Early Cretaceous Flora from the Crato Formation, Araripe Basin, Northeast Brazil. Abstract, Historical Biology. See also here and there (in PDF).

A. Salt (2019): When did the first flowers open? Botany One.

M. Barthel et al. (1998): Brennende Berge - Flöz- und Haldenbrand-Gesteine als Matrix fossiler Pflanzen-Abdrücke und als Objekte der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. PDF file, in German.

F.L. Gill et al. (2018): Diets of giants: the nutritional value of sauropod diet during the Mesozoic. Free access, Palaeontology, 61: 647–658.

G. Poinar (2019): Associations between Fossil Beetles and Other Organisms. Free access, Geosciences, 9.
Note figure 22: The platypodine, Palaeotylus femoralis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Platypodinae) covered with mycelium, conidiophores and conidia of the ambrosia fungus, Paleoambrosia entomophila (Ophiostomatales: Ophiostomataceae) in Burmese amber.
Note figure 27: Ptilodactylid (Coleoptera: Ptilodactylidae) beetle with attached pollinarium (arrow) of Annulites mexicana (Angiospermae: Orchidaceae) in Mexican amber.

N.F. Adams et al. (2016): X-rays and virtual taphonomy resolve the first Cissus (Vitaceae) macrofossils from Africa as early-diverging members of the genus. Free access, American Journal of Botany, 103: 1657–1677.
"... Virtual taphonomy explained how complex mineral infill processes concealed key seed features, causing the previous taxonomic misidentification. ..."

B. Misof et al. (2014): Phylogenomics resolves the timing and pattern of insect evolution. In PDF, Science. See also here.

A.E.S. Högström et al. (2009): A pyritized lepidocoleid machaeridian (Annelida) from the Lower Devonian Hunsrück Slate, Germany. PDF file, Proc. R. Soc. B, 276: 1981-1986. This paper is exemplary in its combination of X-ray and CT of animal body fossils.
This expired link is now available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

M. Speranza et al. (2010): Traditional and new microscopy techniques applied to the study of microscopic fungi included in amber. PDF file, In: A. Méndez-Vilas and J. Díaz (eds.): Microscopy: Science, Technology, Applications and Education. Scanning electron microscopy in backscattered electron mode, with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy microanalysis.
Now recovered from the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO: Web-based instruction. Annotated links to information on using the web to teach. Go to: CzPaleobotany. Go to: Cenozoic Elevation of the Rocky Mountains, Paleobotanical Methods. About fossil classification (nearest living relative, physiognomy and CLAMP) and climate and elevation analysis.
These expired links are now available through the Internet Archive´s Wayback Machine.

G.E. Mustoe et al. (2019): Mineralogy of Eocene Fossil Wood from the “Blue Forest” Locality, Southwestern Wyoming, United States. Free access, Geosciences 2019, 9(1), 35;

R. Rößler and M. Barthel (1998): Rotliegend taphocoenoses preservation favoured by rhyolitic explosive volcanism. In PDF, Freiberger Forschungshefte C, 474: 59–101. See also here.

I.H. Escapa et al. (2019): Integrative Paleobotany: Affirming the Role of Fossils in Modern Plant Biology—Introduction and Dedication. In PDF, Special Issue—Rothwell Celebration, Int. J. Plant Sci., 180: 459–463. 2019. See also here.

! G. Janusz et al. (2017): Lignin degradation: microorganisms, enzymes involved, genomes analysis and evolution. Free access, FEMS Microbiol Rev., 41: 941–962.
"... For many years, white rot fungi were suggested to be the most efficient wood degraders. However, recent data suggest that Nature may have an alternative solution—brown rot fungi, which are capable of depolymerizing holocellulose and extensively modifying lignin. ..."

! A.M.F. Tomescu et al. (2016): Microbes and the fossil record: selected topics in paleomicrobiology. Abstract, in: Hurst C. (ed.) Their World: A Diversity of Microbial Environments. Advances in Environmental Microbiology, vol 1: 69-169. See also here (in PDF).

M. Bernardi and G. Carnevale (2019): The Italian geo-palaeontological record of major turnovers in the history of life. In PDF, Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 58: 1-3.

J.R.W. Benicio et al. (2019): Recurrent palaeo-wildfires in a Cisuralian coal seam: A palaeobotanical view on high-inertinite coals from the Lower Permian of the Paraná Basin, Brazil. Open access, PloS one, 14: e0213854.

J.A. Luczaj et al. (2019): Comment on “Non-Mineralized Fossil Wood” by George E. Mustoe (Geosciences, 2018). Free access, Geosciences, 8.

M.J. Head et al., International Organisation of Palaeobotany: David J. Batten (1943–2019).

Albuquerque Journal, Obituaries: Sidney Roy Ash (1928-2019).

International Organisation of Palaeobotany:
Palaeobotanist biographies.

H. El Atfy et al. (2019): Pre-Quaternary wood decay ‘caught in the act’ by fire – examples of plant-microbe-interactions preserved in charcoal from clastic sediments. Abstract, Historical Biology.

H. Prier et al. (2004): Exotische Gehölze im KIRCHHEIMER-Arboretum Freiburg. PDF file, in German. LGRB-Informationen, Heft 15 (Landesamt für Geologie, Rohstoffe und Bergbau Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg i. Br.). See also here.

C. Pott (2019): The cycadalean megasporophyll Dioonitocarpidium in the Carnian (Late Triassic) flora of Lunz am See, Austria. Abstract, PalZ.

! J.D. Schiffbauer et al. (2014): A unifying model for Neoproterozoic–Palaeozoic exceptional fossil preservation through pyritization and carbonaceous compression. Open access, Nature Communications, 5. See also here.

V. Baranyi et al. (2019): Palynological and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data of Carnian (Late Triassic) formations from western Hungary. Free access, see also here.

M. Wan et al. (2019): A new Protophyllocladoxylon wood from the Induan (Lower Triassic) Jiucaiyuan Formation in the Turpan–Hami Basin, southern Bogda Mountains, northwestern China. Abstract, Elsevier Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 267: 62-72. See also here (in PDF).

Heike Kirsten (2009): Herkunft, Eigenschaften und Konservierungsmöglichkeiten von Lettenkeuper- und Schilfsandsteinen an Baudenkmalen in Thüringen. In PDF. Characterisation of Keuper sandstones (in German).
See also here.

Naturpark Haßberge: Reise in die Erdgeschichte der Haßberge. PDF file, in German.

G. Hofbauer (2004): Die Erdgeschichte der Region – Grundzüge aus aktueller Perspektive. PDF file, in German. Natur und Mensch, Jahresmitteilungen Nürnberg, 2003 2004: 101-144.

M.A. Aref and R.J. Taj (2018): Recent evaporite deposition associated with microbial mats, Al-Kharrar supratidal–intertidal sabkha, Rabigh area, Red Sea coastal plain of Saudi Arabia, Abstract, Facies, 64. See also here (in PDF).

P.B. Tomlinson et al. (2018): Cracking the omega code: hydraulic architecture of the cycad leaf axis. Free access, Annals of Botany, 121: 483–488.

! E.A. Heise et al. (2011): Wood taphonomy in a tropical marine carbonate environment: Experimental results from Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas. In PDF, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 312: 363–379. See also here.

D. Mantzouka et al. (2019): Petrified Forest of Lesbos Island (Greece): A Palaeobotanical Puzzle of a Unique Geopark and the New Discoveries. In PDF, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 221. See also here.

! S.S.T. Simon et al. (2018): An exhumed fine-grained meandering channel in the lower Permian Clear Fork Formation, north-central Texas: Processes of mud accumulation and the role of vegetation in channel dynamics. In PDF, Int. Assoc. Sedimentol. Spec. Publ., 48: 149–172. See also here.

K.E. Hill et al. (2019): Pinnule and Stomatal Size and Stomatal Density of Living and Fossil Bowenia and Eobowenia Specimens Give Insight into Physiology during Cretaceous and Eocene Paleoclimates. Free access, Int. J. Plant Sci., 180: 323–336.

Keywords: Paleobotany, Palaeobotany, Paläobotanik, Paleophytologist, Paleophytology, Palaeophytologist, Palaeophytology, Paleobotánica, Paléobotanique, Paleobotânica, Paleobotanico, Palaeobotanica, Paleobotanika, Paleobotaniky, Paleobotanikai, Paleobotaniikka, Paleontology, Palaeontology, Paläontologie, Paleobotánica, Paleontológico, Paleobotânicos, Paleobotaników, Botany, Fossil Plants, Paleovegetation, Palaeovegetation, Palaeophyticum, Paleophyticum, permineralized plants, petrified, cuticle, cuticles, charcoal, Palynology, Palynologie, Taphonomy, Tafonomía, paleosoil, palaeosoil, mesophytic, mesophyticum, Paläovegetation, Pflanzenfossilien, Evolution, Phylogeny, Triassic, Trias, Triásico, Keuper, Ladinian, Carnian, Norian, Rhaetian, Index, Link Page.

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A tag cloud of 100 links:
Early Land Plants International Palaeobotanical and Palaeontological Institutions Bacterial Biofilms (Microbial Mats) Progress in Palaeobotany and Palynology Tutorials, Tips and Tricks to Adobe Photoshop What´s New on Links for Palaeobotanists? Teaching Documents about Plant Anatomy Palynology Databases Palynology Palaeosoils Indexes in Palaeontology and Evolution Software for Palaeontology Early Triassic Floras Cellulose Peel Technique Biotic Recovery from the Permian-Triassic Mass Extinction Filicales Fungi The Rise of Oxygen Molecular Palaeobotany Fossil Animal Plant Interaction Teaching Documents about Taphonomy The Mass Extinction at the End of the Permian Pith Cast Preservation High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDR) Sphenophyta Looking for a Job Selected Geology Cuticles Playa Lakes (Endorheic Basins) Palaeobotanical, Botanical and Palaeontological Bibliographies Cyanobacteria and Stromatolites Search The Pros and Cons of Pre-Neogene Growth Rings Digital Image Processing Microscopy Writing, Translating and Drawing Angiosperms Bryophyta Triassic Palaeobotany, Palynology and Stratigraphy Fossil Charcoal Teaching Documents about Palaeobotany The Mass Extinction at the End of the Triassic Upcoming Meetings and Symposia Search for Literature Directories focused on Palaeobotany Virtual Field Trip Guides All about Upper Triassic Gymnosperms Grants and Funding Organisations Helpful Databases and Glossaries Stomatal Density Ginkgoales Teaching Documents Classical Textbooks and Monographs in Palaeobotany Focused on Palaeoclimate Job & Experience Bennettitales Evolution Sciences versus Doctrines of Creationism and Intelligent Design Sedimentology and Sedimentary Rocks Teaching Documents about Cladistics Permineralized Plants and Petrified Forests Plant Anatomy & Taxonomy Databases focused on Palaeobotany and Palaeontology Science History of Palaeobotany and Renowned Palaeobotanists Palaeoclimate Palaeobotany, Botany, and Palaeontology Journals Online Glossaries, Dictionaries and Encyclopedias Preservation & Taphonomy Stratigraphy and Facies of the European Keuper Insight into the Triassic World Plant Fossil Preservation Cycads Coal Petrology Open Access Publishing Focus Stacking (Photography, Extended Depth of Field) Teaching Documents about Classification and Phylogeny Fossil and Recent Plant Taxa Teaching Documents about Stratigraphy and Historical Geology Whole Plant Reconstructions Charcoal & Coal Petrology Pyrite Preservation Palaeobotanists Personal Pages Paleovegetation Reconstructions Palaeobotanical and Palaeontological Collections Taxonomy and Plant Classification Databases Photography and Scanning Software Ecology & Palaeoenvironment Leaf Size and Shape and the Reconstruction of Past Climates Palaeobotanical Tools Websites, showing Plant Fossils Conferences & List Server Pteridospermopsida Institutions & Organisations Abstracts- and Preprint Server Evolution & Extinction Lycophyta Riparian Habitats Teaching Documents about Botany Teaching Documents about Evolution

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